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Shankaracharya said in the 20th verse of Brahmajnanavalimala ब्रह्म सत्यं जगन्मिथ्या जीवो ब्रह्मैव नापरः । अनेन वेद्यं सच्छास्त्रमिति वेदान्तडिण्डिमः ॥ २०॥ Brahma Satyam Jagan Mithya Jivo Brahmaiva Na Aparah Brahman (the Absolute) is alone real; the world is mithya; Jiva is non-different from Brahman. The problem arises because mithya is translated as ...


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As far as I know there are several English translations available online, but none of them is of great translation quality, namely they either have additional comments by the translator himself which they did not separate from Baladeva's text but they, unfortunately, incorporated into the Baladeva's text, and thus you don't know what exactly Baladeva wrote. ...


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Apāntaratamas meaning apa+antara+tamas i.e., one who is free from all internal darkness is popular in Indian scriptures. He is mentioned in the seventh skanda of the Subala Upanishad and in the Adhyatma Upanishad etc. However, the fact he took rebirth as Sage Vyasa is mentioned directly only in the 3.3.32 of the Brahma Sutra Bhasya of Adi Shankara and ...


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From Vivekachudamani svaprakAshamadhiShThAnaM svayambhUya sadAtmanA . brahmANDamapi piNDANDaM tyajyatAM malabhANDavat 289 Being the self-luminous Brahman, the sole substratum of all things, reject the macrocosm and microcosm, like a vessel full of impurities. From the blog The cognizing self alone is self-luminous and the rest of the three factors are not ...


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Three types of meanings are typically accepted for Sanskrit words. Here is a discussion of the three types of meanings by Sri Satyanarayana Das Babaji in his commentary on Śrī Jīva Goswami's Bhagavat Sandarbha, Anuccheda 98: “All literature, including the Veda, is composed of words. Every Sanskrit word (pada) has a meaning (artha), and there is a relation ...


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He is the self-luminous and formless Purusha, uncreated and existing both within and without. He is devoid of prana, devoid of mind, pure, and higher than the supreme Imperishable (Mundaka Upanisad II. 1. 2). According to Shankaracharya's commentary, here, "He" refers to the attributeless pure consciousness or Nirguna Brahman. On the other hand, ...


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It depends. There are 10 Shiva Agamas which support the above view, of Shiva only being the efficient cause. The 18 Rudrabheda Agamas are non dualistic cum dualistic. The Veerashaiva sect again follows a Philosophy similar to the Vedantic Vishistadvaita. The Kashmiri Shaiva school bases themselves on the 64 Bhairava Agamas which are Non dualistic, believing ...


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