Yes, Brahmans are the very important text and part of Vedas, which contains instructions and explanation to the sacrifices and rituals and procedures for performing them. There are ten characteristics of Brahmanas described by Shabara Swami in his Bhashya on (Purva) Mimansa Sutras of Jaimini.
Shabara Bhashya on Purva Mimansa Sutra 2.1.33:
Whole story of Matsya is narrated in Satapatha Brahmana.
1:33. It said, 'As long as we are small, there is great destruction for us: fish devours fish. Thou wilt first keep me in a jar. When I outgrow that, thou wilt dig a pit and keep me in it. When I outgrow that, thou wilt take me down to the sea, for then I shall be beyond destruction.'
1:8:1:44. It ...
I would like to preface my answer by addressing some misconceptions here. These misconceptions arise from inaccurate or inauthentic understanding of the role of yajna.
The concept and practice of yajna has been a central part of the rishi culture since the beginning. The mantras of the Rig Veda samhita are filled with actions of offering raw and cooked food. ...
As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas comes in multiple Shakhas or recensions. Each Shakha has its own Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka, and Upanishad. According to Patanjali's Mahabhashya, there were originally 1131 Shakhas, so there were 1131 Brahmanas and 1131 Aranyakas. But most Shakhas are now lost. Let me enumerate the surviving Shakhas of ...
Do Veda have more than one Samhita regarding to Shakha?
Yes, each Shakha of Veda has it's own Samhita. There were 21 Shakhas of RigVeda, 1000 Shakhas of SamaVeda, 101 Shakhas of Yajurveda and 9 Shakhas of Atharvaveda as I discuss in my answer here. Thus total about 1131 Samhitas. We have only about 12 Shakhas alive with 12 Samhitas.
In other words, does ...
Though Bhashya of Adi Shankaracharya on this verse of BG doens't elaborate much, according to Sri Ramanujacharya, Brahmanas means the Vedas.
Quoting Sri Ramanujacharya's Bhashya on mentioned verse:
English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Adidevananda
17.23 Here Brahman means the Veda. It is the secondary meaning of the expression, ...
Soma is not a metaphor rather it represents two distinct yet related things - ONE is the Moon-god also known as Chandrama and other is the invigorating drink that was consumed by the gods. They are both inter-related hence there is sometimes confusion regarding its real nature but the following excerpts should be able to help us understand the distinction as ...
Your are probably looking for Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa 188.8.131.52 (... paśur ha vā eṣa ālabhyate yat puroḍāśaḥ).
Kanda I, adhyaya 2, brahmana 3
THE PREPARATION OF THE ALTAR
5. Thereupon the gods ordained this to be the dakṣiṇā at the new- and full-moon sacrifices, to wit, the Anvāhārya mess of rice , 'lest the oblation should be without a dakṣiṇā.' That (rinsing ...
It would appear so.
There are other references of vedas in Ramayana.
kushiilavau tu dharmaGYau raajaputrau yashasvinau | bhraatarau
svarasampannau dadarsha aashramavaasinau || sa tu medhaavinau
dR^ishhTvaa vedeShu pariniShThitau | vedopabR^ihmaNaarthaaya
taavagraahayata prabhuh || kaavyaM raamaayaNaM kR^itsnaM
siitaayaashcharitaM mahat.h| ...
Some scholars think Lord Krishna is mentioned in the Vedas..
Ghora Angirasa expounded this well known doctrine to Devaki's son
Krishna and said , 'Such a knower should at the time of death repeat
this triad - "Thou art the imperishable, Thou art the unchangeable,
Thou art the subtle essence of Prana." (on hearing the above) he [Krishna]
Soma was really a creeper, which when pressed, used to produce a juice that was drinkable and that drink used to be intoxicating and mind-altering in nature.
Apart from the Mantras that you have already given, there are other Vedic Mantras too that give the impression that Soma is purely symbolic.
somenAdityA valinah (1) somena pritihvi ...
Vedic Sanskrit corpus
The corpus of Vedic Sanskrit
The Samhitas (Sanskrit
saṃhitā, "collection"), are
collections of metric texts
(" mantras"). There are four
"Vedic" Samhitas: the Rig-
Veda, Sama-Veda , Yajur-Veda ,
and Atharva-Veda , most of
which are available in several
recensions (śākhā ). In some
contexts, the term Veda is
used to ...
For a Sudra male and a Vaishya woman, their offspring is called Ayogavah. Sudra male and Kshatriya women creates a Kshatri offspring. A Sudra male and a Brahmin woman creates a Chandala offspring.
So, a Chandala is created only out of the union of a Sudra man and a Brahmin woman.
Manu 10.12. From a Sudra are born an Ayogava, a Kshattri, and a
I think you have misunderstood the verses in question and have taken them out of context. It is important to read the first verse of this section 4 and the commentary. The Brhadaranyaka Upanishad with the Commentary of Sankaracarya reads (Swami Madhavananda translator):
VI.iv.1 The earth is the essence of all these beings, water the essence of the earth, ...
The Vedas are set in the framework of the geography of the Indian subcontinent. This is clearly obvious through the innumerable references to geographical features.
For example, the River Hymn (Nadi Suktam) RV 10.75 lists all the major rivers of northern India in precise order from east to west.
इमं मे गङ्गे यमुने सरस्वति शुतुद्रि स्तोमं सचता ...
Aitareya Brahmana (chapter)6.8-9 or (pancika)2.1.8-9 has a very explicit statement regarding effectiveness of using grain in place of real animals.
Khanda 8 starts with describing how the Devas first sought man as the yajna-pashu:
पुरुषं वै देवाः पशुमालभन्त तस्मादालब्धान्मेध उदक्रामत् सोऽश्वं प्राविशत् तस्मादश्वो मेध्योऽभवत् अथैनमुत्क्रान्तमेधमत्यार्जन्त स ...
Yes surdarshan chakra was called Vishnu s chakra in ancient texts including RIG Veda and even in valmiki Ramayana it is called Vishnu s Chakra.
He, like a rounded wheel, hath in swift motion set his ninety racing steeds together with the four.Developed, vast in form, with those who sing forth praise, a youth, no more a child, he cometh to our call(Rig ...
Vedas also say the same thing that he was born out of Brahma, refer:
51:5 Brahmá, after detaching from himself the property of anger, in
the form of Rudra, converted himself into two persons, the first male,
or the Manu Swáyambhuva, and the first woman, or Śatarúpá: so in the
Vedas; 'So himself was indeed (his) son.'
I could not find refernces of samudra manthan in vedas but I found refernces of amrita-
for,wealthy waters,ye control all treasures:ye bring auspicious intellect and amrta ye are the queens of independent riches sarasvati give full life to the singer!(Rig veda book 10 hymn 30 verse 12).
Now,ye sapient ones,make ye the axes sharp wherewith ye fashion bowls ...
What are the arguments of Purva Mimansa that says Brahmanas are Apaurusheya?
Their argument is that the entire Vedas, aranyakas and upanishads included, do not have an author because there is no recollection of authorship.
Here is where the relevant argument starts. They say (paraphrased by me):
Our answer to this view is as follows: What we have asserted ...
There's no verse in the Karma Kanda that specifically says that moksha can't be obtained through yajnas, but the Karma Kanda lists the fruits of each yajna, and none of them reward moksha; they reward material things, and the results are temporary. So from that it's known that the Karma Kanda doesn't directly reward moksha.
But however, it indirectly leads ...
Ritwij is defined in Manu 2.143 as follows:
agnadhyeam paka-yajnan agni-stoma-adikan makhan | yah karoti vrito
yasya sa tasya ritwig iha uchyate ||
2.143. He who, being (duly) chosen (for the purpose), performs the Agnyadheya, the Pakayagnas, (and) the (Srauta) sacrifices, such as the
Agnishtoma (for another man), is called (his) officiating priest.
They are not minor gods, but epithets used to describe the same Almighty.
Consider the following mantras from Rig Veda II.1, dedicated to Agni. Agni was declared at BRAHMAN and then AGNI was stated to be all.
तवमग्न इन्द्रो वर्षभः सतामसि तवं विष्णुरुरुगायो नमस्यः | तवं बरह्मा
रयिविद बरह्मणस पते तवं विधर्तःसचसे पुरन्ध्या ||
तवमग्ने राजा वरुणो
Mahanarayana Upanishad, a part of taittiriya arankya describes about it.
bhūmirdhenurdharaṇī lokadhāriṇī .
uddhṛtāsi varāheṇa kṛṣṇena śatabāhunā .. 38..
The earth is the giver of happiness like the milk cow, the sustainer of life and support for all living beings. (Represented as such the earth is addressed:)Thou wert raised up by Kṛṣṇa in His ...
In the Taittirtya Brahmana (184.108.40.206), Prajapati is stated to have assumed the form of a Boar, who lifted up the earth which remained plunged in the water (p.49).
प्रजापतिः प्रजा असृजत । तासाम् अन्नम् उपाक्षीयत । ताभ्यः सूदम् उप
प्राभिनत् । ततो वै तासाम् अन्नं न_अक्षीयत । यस्य सूदः संभारो भवति ।
नास्य गृहे ऽन्नं क्षीयते । आपो वा इदम् अग्रे सलिलम् आसीत् ...
The following is the answer provided by Sri Kiron Krishnan in another site, on the same subject.
Actually, if Vedas refer to the revealed, inspired visions of the
sages, then they comprise undoubtedly of only the poetic saṃhitās of
the kavis, also called Ṛṣis. The rest of the prose don’t have any
metrical constraint, they can vary to any limit, and ...
In the Taittirtya Brahmana (220.127.116.11), Prajapati is stated to have assumed the form of a Boar,who lifted up the earth which remained plunged in the water.
prajapatih praja asrjata/ tasamannamupakslyata/
tabhyassudamupaprabhinat/ tato vai tasamannam nakslyata/yasya
sudassambharo bhavati/nasya grhe’nnarfi ksiyate/ apo va idamagre
salilam aslt/ tena ...
Vedas do mention Mahabharata character as according to tradition in previous Yuga only 3 Vedas were present and that too only samhitas.
Atharva veda was compiled after Mahabharata that's why in oldest part of Mahabharata (Sanjaya conversation including bhagvad geeta) you'll only find mention of 3 Vedas and in ramayana too only 3 Vedas, the four priest ...