22

Putting aside what people say and believe if you go through the scriptures then you will find that Buddha was an incarnation of Vishnu. The two prominent scriptures about Vishnu portray Buddha as His incarnation. Shrimad Bhagavatam says, to delude the people who are envious to the gods, at the beginning of Kali Yuga Buddha will appear as the son of Anjani ...


20

Shankara never considered Buddhists as serious threat for mainstream Hinduism or its Philosophical thoughts. In his Magnum opus Sutra Bhashya (the work which also has one of its objectives as para-paksha-khandana [refuting other thoughts with aid of anubhava and yukti]) he has regarded Sankhyas as pradhānamalla (cheif opponent) (Sū. Bhā. 1.4.28) with whom ...


10

22nd Chapter of YajnaVaibhava Khanda of Suta Samhita of Skanda Purana deals with the validity of various paths. The chapter itself is named as as 'MargaPramanya Nirnaya' which means 'Decision of Validity of Paths'. There the Path of Buddhas and Arhatas is also considered one among the many paths. अथातः संप्रवक्ष्यामि मार्गप्रमाण्यनि...


10

Both Nirvana & Moksha are liberation from Samsara(repeating cycle of birth, death & rebirth). To understand the difference between them, we'll see what Moksha & Nirvana is as per many schools of Hinduism & Buddhism(only a very high level view). Advaita Advaita school believes in Jivanmukti(liberation here and now). One can attain Moksha ...


9

First of all, this translation translates the word buddah in the literal meaning of intellection, rather than the name of the founder of Buddhism: It is an exact state of the case that a mere intellection deserves to be punished as it were a thief and know an atheist to be on par with a mere intellectual. Therefore he is the most suspectable and should be ...


9

Has any Hindu scholar who upheld birth based Varna system refuted Assalayana Sutta? Yes, the medieval Sri Vaishnava scholar Yamunacharya, who lived a hundred years before the time of Ramanujacharya, has refuted these arguments in his work called Agama Pramanya, or "Proof of the validity of the Pancharatra Agamas." In it, the opponent claims that the ...


8

From the Vaishnava perspective, Buddha is regarded as an avatar. First from the poet Jayadeva, who lists him as one of the dasavatara: nindasi yajna-vidher ahaha sruti-jatam sadaya-hridaya darsita-pasu-ghatam kesava dhrita-buddha-sarira jaya jagadisa hare O Kesava! O Lord of the universe! O Lord Hari, who have assumed the form of Buddha! All ...


7

Did Lord Buddha really not believe in God? First of all among the Six Schools of Hinduism the schools like Vaisheshika founded by Maharshi Kanada, Samkhya founded by Maharshi Kapila etc.. do not believe in God. They are non-theistic schools which do not believe in God, but believe that Vedas are authority. So, there are itself schools in Hinduism which do ...


7

It is very natural that Vaishnavas do not like Sankara's interpretation of Vedanta. You can read my answer to another question here: Did Shankara reject some doctrines of Atman or Brahman in order to reconcile Atman and Brahman? Sankaracharya calls worshippers of forms as beginners and Brahman with form as not Its true essence. Naturally Sankara was called ...


7

Is the word "gandharva (gandhabba)" related to the conception of an embryo? No. The word Gandharva is not related to the conception of an embryo. Gandharvas are a type of celestial beings. They are recognised as celestial musicians in the court of Indra along with the celestial nymphs. A Gandharva named Viśvāvasu has been mentioned several times in the ...


6

In his book The Advaita Tradition in Indian Philosophy: A Study of Advaita in Buddhism, Vedanta and Kashmira Shaivism, Prof. Chandradhar Sharma (formerly Professor of Philosophy Banaras Hindu University and then Chair of Philosophy at University of Jabalpur and Visiting Professor in the University of Allahabad) says on pages 34-35: Many Vedic schools of ...


5

Buddhists say that the Hindu Atman theory is about the ego which in their view is non-existent. Hence they call their no-ego theory Anatman (not Atman). Hindus of course do not accept that Atman is the same as ego. So who is right? There is no way to intellectually decide who is right. I am adding this material to essentially answer the question in the ...


5

It is because the discrimination of religions as it has come to be is mostly based upon the primary scripture or teachings of the prophet or god rather than who the god is or who the proponent is. So irrespective of whether Buddha is a Hindu god or not, the message he preached and spread is different than that of Hindu/Vedic beliefs. For example while ...


5

Valmiki is Lord Ramas contemporary. For eg. In the Ayodhya Kanda Lord Rama, along with Sita and Sri Lakshmana meet Valmiki in Chitrakuta forest. इति सीता च रामश्च लक्ष्मणश्च कृताञ्जलिः | अभिगम्याश्रमम् सर्वे वाल्मीकि मभिवादयन् || २-५६-१६ After deciding thus Seetha, Rama and Lakshmana all with joined palms approached the hermitage and offered ...


4

There is a lot of misunderstanding not only among Hindus, but also among many Buddhists. Buddha was not opposed to the Upanishads - he was opposed to the Karma Kanda, the ritualistic portion of the Vedas. Remember that Krishna opposed the Karma Kanda also (see Gita 2.42-44). In his book The Advaita Tradition in Indian Philosophy: A Study in Advaita in ...


4

I should start out by saying that there are some people who believe that Buddha is not an incarnation of Vishnu, and that any scriptural references to Buddha are a later interpolation. Now among the people who do believe that Buddha is an incarnation, the reason that Buddhists and Hindus have different beliefs is because of the fundamental purpose of Vishnu'...


4

No. The verse you mention is not present in the Critical Edition (CE) of Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa. Therefore it's safe to say it's an interpolation. In fact, verses 30-39 of Sarga 109 of the version available at valmikiramayan.net has been excised from the CE. Translation of the sarga in which Rāma responds to Jābāli's arguments – from the Debroy translation based ...


4

Similarities of names is generally insufficient to draw a conclusion as such; especially because there are no significant similarities between Buddha and Ganesha. For instance, the name Ganapati occurs in rigveda 2.23.1 and is also used to refer to Indra at other places. Additionally, Indra is known for slaying Vritra or "obstacle", so Indra and Ganesha ...


4

Well in Vedas, animal sacrifices are prescribed. But there came a time, when real purposes behind the sacrifices probably got forgotten and people started doing the rituals wrongly and were merely slaughtering animals for their own sake but the excuse was that since it is allowed in scriptures, so nothing wrong. But if animal sacrifice reduces to mere ...


3

Yoga is the union of the subject and the object. Meditation is the ways, the means, to attain that. Through meditation we learn to control the mind. We are not aware of the spiritual world because since our birth our minds have been constantly bombarded by sensory experiences. To see the bottom of a pool of water, the water must be still, there cannot be any ...


3

Since your question is not limited only to arguments of Shankara, I am going to explain an argument in this answer. But I am not sure whether this has been used by anyone or not to argue against the anatman view. Buddhist view accepts existence of Karma and rebirth. And it is a simple principle of the system of Karma that the doer of the action and the ...


3

TL;DR version Shunyata which is Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna's "emptiness of emptiness" in his Madhyamaka philosophy is completely incompatible with the concept of Brahman in Hinduism. I take here the concept of Brahman in Advaita, since Nirguna Brahman, the Supreme God in Advaita, is formless and without qualities, may be considered a "void" as in void ...


2

What is tapas? The word tapas means austerity. What constitutes austerity? Any act of self-discipline, ranging from controlling senses to controlling the Mind all of this is tapas. Sri Swami Sivananda says in Raja Yoga by Sri Swami Sivananda that all kind of spiritual disciplines come under tapas. Tapas is austerity. Egolessness and selfless service are ...


2

It totally depends on which theory you believe in, its not about which theory is better. Buddhism also takes you to the path to liberation,after meditation from which one comes to know about himself/herself(gets knowledge/gyan) from one of the Buddhist theories whereas same thing has been told in Bhagwat Geeta by Lord krishna that you can get liberation and ...


2

I am following roughly the book 'The Serpent Power' by Arthur Avalon (Sir John Woodruffe). The reason for us not seeing anything beyond the material world is because our physical mind which has neural correlates with the brain is incapable of seeing beyond the material world. Hindu scriptures say that there is another mind, a spiritual mind or pure mind, ...


2

Moksha describes becoming one with the only thing that is absolutely real or is permanent. This answer might lean towards Advaita for Moksha. Nirvana describes becoming detached and liberated from everything that is not permanent. The description for Nirvana is the same for all Buddhist schools. In both cases, the individual self no longer reincarnates ...


2

The whole so called historical Shanakara vs budhista is a modern political construct.The fact that nany other vedantists called Shanakara a pracchana bauddha -crypto Budhist--shows that Shankara teachings had things common to Budhism,a natural thing ,as both are monists-idealists of varying degrees. The anti budhist arguments in Shanakara are not much ,...


2

I think the story that adi shankaracharya fought against budhism is a british-colonialist concocted story. Shankaracharya verses hardly refers to budha or bushism, or his contemporary mahaveer. Likely that shankaracharya was pre-budha by a few centuries. Shankaracharya had two objectives. He popularized upanishads which emerged during the mahajanapadas. ...


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