22

I feel the your doubt is about representation If you look at the history of representation, it starts with the story of people representing numbers with straight lines, and crossing them after sometime. Roman Numerals for example did not originally have 0. Multiplication and division might have possibly be done in form of addition and subtraction and if you ...


14

Puranas do mention the names of days of week. For eg. Srimad Bhagvatam in 4.12.49 talks about Sunday: पौर्णमास्यां सिनीवाल्यां द्वादश्यां श्रवणेथवा। दिन-क्षये व्यतीपाते सङ्क्रमेर्कदिने पि वा।। श्रावयेच् छ्रद्दधानानां तीर्थ-पाद-पदाश्रयः। नेच्छंस् तत्रात्मनात्मानं सन्तुष्ट इति सिध्यति।। ( S.B. 4.12.49,50) Persons who have completely taken shelter ...


10

From Wikipedia: Place value system and zero The place-value system, first seen in the 3rd-century Bakhshali Manuscript, was clearly in place in his work. While he did not use a symbol for zero, the French mathematician Georges Ifrah argues that knowledge of zero was implicit in Aryabhata's place-value system as a placeholder for the powers of ten with null ...


7

They do not fall on different dates. It appears as falling on different dates only if we are not following the Hindu calendar. How festivals are determined? They are determined by Hindu months and Tithis etc. For example this is how when to celebrate Navaratri festival is determined: 6-8. O king! The people are very much afflicted with various ...


7

The oldest calendar I found in a panchangam published by a Sanskrit University for this year(2016) is as: Kalpadergatabda: 1972949117 Shristyadergatabda: 1955885117 Kalergatabda: 5117 Saksamvatsar: 1938 Ishaviyasamvatsar: 2016-2017 Vikram samvatsar: 2073 Here, Kalergatabda means from beginning of Kali age and it gives present year as ...


6

Since Vedic times Hindus were able to describe very large numbers by using appropriate names. The 9 numbers were already mentioned in RV like eka, dwi, tri, chatur,......., nava. The names for 10, 20,..., 90 occurs in RV 2.18.5-6. Other numbers are described thus- for example 84 is spelled as four plus eighty. 18 is spelled as 2 less than 20 and so on. RV ...


5

First of all, there isn't really such a thing as "the Hindu calendar". Most Hindu calendars are based on the system described in the Surya Siddhanta, an ancient astronomical treatise, but then subsequently a lot of regional variations on the Surya Siddhanta system developed. Still, most Hindu calendars are lunisolar, in the sense that they have lunar ...


5

Ekadashi Tithi is ruled by Lord Vishnu. In the Narad Purana section - Tale of Bhadrasheel Brahman a conversation is given that highlights how Ekadashis are related to Lord Vishnu: Sanatkumar says: "O Narada! A fast on Ekadashi (eleventh day) in both the phases of a month pleases Sri Hari and fulfills all the desires. On the eleventh day of each phase, ...


5

Aryabhatta wasn't the first to use/discover zero. It's already described in other answers as well. In the recent radioactive dating also Bakshali manuscript which is before Aryabhatta time clearly show use of written zero: The Bakhshali manuscript is a mathematical text written on birch bark that was found in 1881 in the British-ruled village of Bakhshali ...


5

Let's start with the below table for Sukla Paksha (brighter fortnight) and Krishna Paksha (darker fortnight). Sukla Paksha Krishna Paksha Name of Tithi ------------------------------------------------- 1st 16th Pratipada 2nd 17th Dwitiya 3rd 18th Tritiya 4th ...


4

This is the answer of your first question only According To Date Panchanga (Hard Copy) which is in Marathi language. There are six Shaka-Kartas in Kaliyuga-: 1) Yudhishthira (Dharmaraja) - Indraprastha -His Saka (Time) was of 3044 years. 2) King Vikaram - Ujjain ( Madhya Pradesh) - His saka (Time) was of 135 years. 3) King Shalivahan - Paithan (...


4

There are actually two schools or groups which make the Hindu Panchangams or almanacs .They are called the Panchangam Kartaa. One among them use the old school method depending on the Surya Siddhanta(or Vakya Siddhanta) and another one depends on the Drik Ganita ,which uses modern methods to calculate the positions of the stars.Their calculations match with ...


3

I believe the answer lies in your question itself - Total Eclipse occurs only for an observer in the Umbra region. Penumbral Lunar Eclipses are not visible to the naked eye hence no rituals related to Chandra Grahan are generally observed. However, if the eclipse is visible then it may be counted. Last night's (Shravan Purnima - 7th August 2017) partial ...


3

The Hindu equivalent for the modern weekday is called as vāsara or vāra in the modern usage. Ravi-Vāsara, Som-Vāsara, Mangal-Vāsara etc, which are equivalent of Sunday, Monday and Tuesday do bear a striking resemblance etymologically. Although Vāsaras do not serve any computational purpose, unlike Tithis, which are used to determine a day in the lunar ...


3

I think they wrote zata(in Harvard-Kyoto transliteration) in Sanskrit which means hundred and they did not use Roman numerals. They knew the counting but they denoted it differently.


3

So, does this mean we need 0 to count to 100 and beyond ?. I think we can count indefinitely without ever using 0. 0 is a symbol, a convenience and a convention, not a mathematical priori. That's precisely the reason why it is called an invention and not a discovery. How many times do you utter the word "zero" while counting till hundred ? Not once, right ...


3

Mahabharatha gives a quantitative description of the number of army contingents (Akshauhnees), their individual strengths, commander's rank for which strength of army (Athiradha, Maharatha etc) etc.When bridge to Lanka was made there was numerical estimate of number of days it would take to build the bridge and number of Vanaras needed to execute the work....


3

According to hindu calendar, our new year falls on the first day in the month of chaitra(usually in the month of April), Chaitra is the first month in the Indian calendar as per panchang. It is celebrated by different names in India Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka, Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra, chaitti in himachal pradesh, Puthandu in Tamil nadu. Diwali ...


2

The Hindu calendar is not a lunar calendar but a Lunisolar calendar. The year is always calculated based on Sun. Some regional calendars calculate both month and the nakshatra based on Moon, where as some calculate even months based on Sun and only the nakshatra based on Moon. You can check the wiki link to get more details.


2

New year that is wished on Diwali is financial hindu new year. The day new account books are opened. Religious hindu new year happens in march/april on first day of month of Chaitra, the day Lord Brahma created universe. In some communities which are business oriented, financial new year has acquired more prominence than religious new year. India was an ...


2

First of all I am not sure what makes you think that this practice is 'added' at some point. There are references to adhika masa, also knows as Purusottama masa in parama purana as you can find here and other places on the internet. Seems it is clear to you on why this is practiced but for the sake of completeness I am including it here from the above site: ...


2

Starting with the age of Kali Yuga, is 4,32,000 years. Till now 5115 years have passed. The Wiki article says : According to the Surya Siddhanta, Kali Yuga began at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BCE. This is also considered the date on which Lord Krishna left the earth to return to his heavenly abode. According to the astronomer and mathematician ...


2

Usual date for krishna and shulka yajurvedas would be 7th August (shrAvana poornima). But because the eclipse is occurring in India. Hence they have pre-poned the event to 28th July , Hasta Nakshatra. So those who living in America do not need to follow this date and should do on the normal date i.e 7th of August. For those living in India, Australia, ...


2

The order is decided by the day of the week. Day Choghadiya +-------+-------+---------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ | Sun | Mon | Tue | Wed | Thu | Fri | Sat | +-------+-------+---------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ | Udveg | Amrit | Rog | Labh | Shubh | Chal | Kaal | | Chal | Kaal | Udveg | Amrut | Rog | Labh | Shubh |...


2

Here is a link which refers to the timings of choghadiya: Choghadiya Calculation : - First know your local time of Sunset and Sunrise. Make hours for days Choghdiya and nights Choghdiya. Then divide the time periods by eight, the result called the time period of one Choghadiya muhurat. Generally, each Choghadiya muhurat has time near about one and ...


1

Astrologer P.V.R Narasimha Rao has given some details on Ayanamsa in his book Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach. As earth’s precession changes every year, the difference between the tropical zodiac and the sidereal zodiac changes. This difference is called “ayanamsa” (sidereal difference). There are many opinions on the correct value of ...


1

From Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach by P.V.R Narsimha Rao In lunar calendar, one day stands for one tithi. Tithi or lunar day is a period in which the difference between the longitudes of Moon and Sun changes by exactly 12°. Moon and Sun longitude positions are important to determine the tithi and when it will change. When Sun and Moon are ...


1

Zero is not at all used for counting. Even we today know the Natural Numbers start from 1, so as the counting. For counting 100 Kaurabs or Ravan's 10 heads 0 is not needed.


1

Aryabhat was taught about zero when he went to a vedic gurukul. The sages who taught him, took the concept of shunya from the vedas. The number system came from shukla yajurved 18/24-25.


1

Here is an excerpt from an article by Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: ..In Hinduism, there is no one central book, and no one specific culture. Therefore, those who are trying to bring unification are doing injustice to the very structure of Hinduism. Celebrating diversity is in the very DNA of Hinduism; that is the reason why it is most needed today in the ...


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