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16 votes

Absence of names of days in scriptures. Why?

Puranas do mention the names of days of week. For eg. Srimad Bhagvatam in 4.12.49 talks about Sunday: पौर्णमास्यां सिनीवाल्यां द्वादश्यां श्रवणेथवा। दिन-क्षये व्यतीपाते सङ्क्रमेर्कदिने पि वा।। ...
Tezz's user avatar
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13 votes

If Aryabhata invented zero in Kaliyuga, how could Hindus of earlier yugas describe Ravana as having 10 heads and Kauravas were 100 in number?

Since Vedic times Hindus were able to describe very large numbers by using appropriate names. The 9 numbers were already mentioned in RV like eka, dwi, tri, chatur,......., nava. The names for 10, 20,...
Rickross's user avatar
  • 112k
11 votes

Which is the oldest known Hindu Calendar?

The oldest calendar I found in a panchangam published by a Sanskrit University for this year(2016) is as: Kalpadergatabda: 1972949117 Shristyadergatabda: 1955885117 Kalergatabda: 5117 ...
Tezz's user avatar
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9 votes
Accepted

Why do Hindu festivals fall on different dates every year?

They do not fall on different dates. It appears as falling on different dates only if we are not following the Hindu calendar. How festivals are determined? They are determined by Hindu months and ...
Rickross's user avatar
  • 112k
7 votes

Is Ekadashi Tithi ruled by Rudra or Vishnu?

Ekadashi Tithi is ruled by Lord Vishnu. In the Narad Purana section - Tale of Bhadrasheel Brahman a conversation is given that highlights how Ekadashis are related to Lord Vishnu: Sanatkumar says: &...
Dr. Vineet Aggarwal's user avatar
7 votes

If Aryabhata invented zero in Kaliyuga, how could Hindus of earlier yugas describe Ravana as having 10 heads and Kauravas were 100 in number?

Aryabhatta wasn't the first to use/discover zero. It's already described in other answers as well. In the recent radioactive dating also Bakshali manuscript which is before Aryabhatta time clearly ...
Tezz's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

decision about 'tithi' (e.g. pornima, pratipada, etc.)

Let's start with the below table for Sukla Paksha (brighter fortnight) and Krishna Paksha (darker fortnight). Sukla Paksha Krishna Paksha Name of Tithi ------------------------------------------...
Pinakin's user avatar
  • 5,351
5 votes

Who are the śaka purushas?

This is the answer of your first question only According To Date Panchanga (Hard Copy) which is in Marathi language. There are six Shaka-Kartas in Kaliyuga-: 1) Yudhishthira (Dharmaraja) - ...
SwiftPushkar's user avatar
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4 votes

If Aryabhata invented zero in Kaliyuga, how could Hindus of earlier yugas describe Ravana as having 10 heads and Kauravas were 100 in number?

Mahabharatha gives a quantitative description of the number of army contingents (Akshauhnees), their individual strengths, commander's rank for which strength of army (Athiradha, Maharatha etc) etc....
Narasimham's user avatar
  • 2,608
4 votes

Hindu New Year ( Chaitra Shukla Paksh Pratipada )

There are two traditions, one is called Amāvasyāṃta (अमावस्यांत) and second is Pūrṇimāṃta​ (पूर्णिमांत​). Amāvasyāṃta stands for month ends on Amāvasyā (i.e at no moon) whereas Pūrṇimāṃta​ stands for ...
Pandya's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Who makes Hindu calendar? Is that authentic calendar or illusory calendar?

There are actually two schools or groups which make the Hindu Panchangams or almanacs .They are called the Panchangam Kartaa. One among them use the old school method depending on the Surya Siddhanta(...
Rickross's user avatar
  • 112k
3 votes
Accepted

Why do Smarthas and Vaishnavas have differences regarding dates (tithi) of festivals like Ekadashi?

The difference in tithis(dates) is due to the difference between Vaishnavas and Smarthas. Even this year Janamashtmi is being celebrated on two separate days. Some celebrated it on 11 august while ...
RishX's user avatar
  • 3,057
3 votes

Why do Hindus only count Umbra as the eclipse?

I believe the answer lies in your question itself - Total Eclipse occurs only for an observer in the Umbra region. Penumbral Lunar Eclipses are not visible to the naked eye hence no rituals related to ...
Dr. Vineet Aggarwal's user avatar
3 votes

If Aryabhata invented zero in Kaliyuga, how could Hindus of earlier yugas describe Ravana as having 10 heads and Kauravas were 100 in number?

I think they wrote zata(in Harvard-Kyoto transliteration) in Sanskrit which means hundred and they did not use Roman numerals. They knew the counting but they denoted it differently.
Anu goyal's user avatar
3 votes

If Aryabhata invented zero in Kaliyuga, how could Hindus of earlier yugas describe Ravana as having 10 heads and Kauravas were 100 in number?

So, does this mean we need 0 to count to 100 and beyond ?. I think we can count indefinitely without ever using 0. 0 is a symbol, a convenience and a convention, not a mathematical priori. That's ...
Harshad Gole's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

When did this Kali yuga start?

Starting with the age of Kali Yuga, is 4,32,000 years. Till now 5115 years have passed. The Wiki article says : According to the Surya Siddhanta, Kali Yuga began at midnight (00:00) on 18 February ...
Ashish Srivastava's user avatar
3 votes

Is Deepavali a new year's celebration?

New year that is wished on Diwali is financial hindu new year. The day new account books are opened. Religious hindu new year happens in march/april on first day of month of Chaitra, the day Lord ...
Aks's user avatar
  • 1,689
2 votes
Accepted

Is Brahmakumaris Hindu organization? Why Brahmakumaris say 2036 is end or the judgement day ? is it true?

They don't say Shiva as a brahman.. Shiva means formless. Shiva is the name of god. Shiva and shankar both r different. Shiva is formless supreme being-our father(God). Shankar is a diety. In the end ...
Priya's user avatar
  • 36
2 votes

What is duration of tithi according to Hindu panchang?

From Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach by P.V.R Narsimha Rao In lunar calendar, one day stands for one tithi. Tithi or lunar day is a period in which the difference between the longitudes ...
Pinakin's user avatar
  • 5,351
2 votes
Accepted

When is Avani Avittam (Upakarma) this year?

Usual date for krishna and shulka yajurvedas would be 7th August (shrAvana poornima). But because the eclipse is occurring in India. Hence they have pre-poned the event to 28th July , Hasta Nakshatra. ...
Rakesh Joshi's user avatar
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2 votes

Is there any scriptural basis for this astrologer's claims that the character of a woman depends on the timing of her first menstruation?

Surya Narayan Rao, the grandfather of BV Ramana, wrote Stri Jataka, and in chapter two he discusses "Arthava Lagna" the horoscope drawn for the time of the girl's first menses.
Atma 10008's user avatar
2 votes

Is there any scriptural basis for this astrologer's claims that the character of a woman depends on the timing of her first menstruation?

The fate/destiny of any person would be prerecorded in their horoscope at their birth date,time,place. Birth chart is a DVD-R cassette. The horoscope is used as a video casette and one can view it to ...
Light's user avatar
  • 220
2 votes

How is the first choghadiya decided?

Here is a link which refers to the timings of choghadiya: Choghadiya Calculation : - First know your local time of Sunset and Sunrise. Make hours for days Choghdiya and nights Choghdiya. Then ...
Nirmohi's user avatar
  • 122
2 votes
Accepted

How is the first choghadiya decided?

The order is decided by the day of the week. Day Choghadiya +-------+-------+---------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ | Sun | Mon | Tue | Wed | Thu | Fri | Sat | +-------+-------+--...
Nemo's user avatar
  • 181
1 vote

How to celebrate birthdays as per Panchanga if births had taken place in Adhika Masa?

Can celebrate birth day in respective Nija masa (moon month). No need to wait for adhika masa in next coming years. Same thing applies to birth day on february 29. make a note of the tithi and masa (...
Light's user avatar
  • 220
1 vote

Who coined the word Ayanamsa?

Astrologer P.V.R Narasimha Rao has given some details on Ayanamsa in his book Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach. As earth’s precession changes every year, the difference between the ...
Pinakin's user avatar
  • 5,351
1 vote

If Aryabhata invented zero in Kaliyuga, how could Hindus of earlier yugas describe Ravana as having 10 heads and Kauravas were 100 in number?

Aryabhat was taught about zero when he went to a vedic gurukul. The sages who taught him, took the concept of shunya from the vedas. The number system came from shukla yajurved 18/24-25.
यश्वंत's user avatar
1 vote

Which month follows the Adhik Maas?

A Luni-solar year is 354 days consisting of 360 thitis. Depending on the location of sun and moon with respect to the nakshatras we will end up with a situation like a adhik maas. Adhik maas is ...
Rama27's user avatar
  • 773

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