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The caste system, as existing in modern India, is a degraded form of varnasrama. The Wikipedia article is full of western speculation, but the proper definition is given in Bhagavad-gita: (God says) Four [profesional] colorings were created by me, differentiated by qualities and activities. ... The qualities (guna) mentioned in this verse are not just ...


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Yes, it is possible through the power of Panchakshari Mantra. As already discussed in question Mantras can have wonderful powers. Similarly through the power of Panchakshara Mantra even a Shudra can become a Brahmana in this very birth. Panchakshara Mantra is "Namaha Shivaya" or "Om Namaha Shivaya" or "Shivaya Namaha." In the ...


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This is one of the most misinterpreted verses of Ramcharitmanas. Tulsidas had no intention of showing women low by citing this verse. We have to see the context of the verse: This verse isn't told by Ram or Tulsidas himself. This was told by "sea god" in fearful state begging his life. He can tell anything in life saving condition. Furthermore ...


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Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa) 7.11: यस्य यल्लक्षणं प्रोक्तं पुंसो वर्णाभिव्यञ्जकम्। यदन्यत्रापि दृश्येत तत्तेनैव विनिर्दिशेत् ॥३५॥ [Nārada Muni:] If one shows the symptoms of being a brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya or śūdra, as described above, even if he has appeared [born] in a different class, he should be accepted according to those symptoms of ...


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Your confusion arises because you think that Hindu scripture supports the Hindu caste system as seen today. That is not the case. The term Brahmana in Hindu scripture has a different connotation from the Brahmana of Hindu caste system. Hindu scripture is talking of Varna which is dependent on conduct. Bhrigu said, 'He is called a Brahmana in whom are ...


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Are sudras allowed to read scriptures other than Vedas ? Yes they are allowed to read and hear some Scriptures like the Puranas,Itihasas etc. From Devi Bhagavatam: 18-24. At every Manvantara, in each Dvâpara Yuga, Veda Vyâsa expounds the Purânas duly to preserve the religion. Veda Vyâsa is no other person than Visnu Himself; He, in the form of Veda ...


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In 7.11 The Perfect Society: Four Social Classes) of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa), Nārada Muni says यस्य यल्लक्षणं प्रोक्तं पुंसो वर्णाभिव्यञ्जकम्। यदन्यत्रापि दृश्येत तत्तेनैव विनिर्दिशेत् ॥३५॥ If one shows the symptoms of being a brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya or śūdra, as described above, even if he has appeared [born] in a different ...


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gAyatri mantra HAS TO BE recited by non brahmins also, Kshatriyas and vysyas too have right for vedic initiation/upanayana. Secondly women too have right to study and chant vedas and conduct vedic rites. So it is good that non brahmins too are taking interest in this else the divine knowledge of vedas would keep on reducing among the masses. Non-brahmins ...


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No, it is not an interpolation. The Taittiriya Samhita of the Krishna Yajur Veda says the same exact thing as the Rig Veda Purusha Sukta hymn about the origin of the castes and the Devas from the body of the Purusha, or in the Yajur Veda's case, Prajapati. Here is what it says in 7.1.1: Prajapati [or Purusha] desired, 'May I have offspring.' He meted out ...


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The Brahmins can indeed raise war in times of emergencies or when their life is endangered or when the situation demands so. The Shastras clearly allow it. Manu Smriti ,Chapter 8,Sloka 348,says: 8.348. Twice-born men may take up arms when (they are) hindered (in the fulfilment of their duties, when destruction (threatens) the twice-born castes (varna) ...


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Caste is an inappropriate translation of the Varna system. The word 'caste' was an English adaptation from the Portuguese term 'casta, which was first used by the Portuguese' in describing what they perceived to be India's social structure. There is no term 'caste' in Sanskrit or any Indian language. The only reference to such social structure in ...


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In brief, the situation is: A rationalist has analyzed a text written in C++ into English because both look similar. He has critisized C++ for "bad grammar". Certain extremists are behind his life just because they think C++ grammar is cool! what Bhagavan criticized in detail what his arguments are K. S. Bhagawan is an Indian rationalist, Kannada ...


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I am supplementing the answer given by defining the term Sudra. These teachings are not to be imparted to persons who are wicked, haughty, barbarous, foul in conduct, hypocritical, given to sensuous indulgences, interested exclusively in their worldly concerns, who are without devotion to Me or who persecute My devotees. Srimad Bhagavata Purnana ...


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Based on the nature a person has acquired from material modes; he can be classified to be belonging to one of the varnas. There are 4 varnas Viz. Brahmin,Kshatriya,Vaishya and Shudra. The predominating modes that drive these four classes are: Brahmin-Mode of Goodness Kshatriya-Mode of passion Vaishya -mix of passion and Ignorance Shudra-mode of Ignorance ...


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For your question 'So why they used to do that?' : Quoting from Dr.Koenraad Elst's 1994 Essay "Caste: The view from Belgium": Untouchability originates in the belief that evil spirits surround dead and dying substances. People who work with corpses, body excretions or animal skins had an aura of danger and impurity, so they were kept away from ...


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By Deeksha also (Guru Deeksha i mean) a Sudra can get rid of his Sudratva. Gatam Sudrasya sudratvam ViprashyApi cha VipratA|| DeekshasamskAraSampanne JAtibhedo Na Vidyate || After Deeksha Samskara a Sudra does not remain a Sudra,neither a Vipra remains a Vipra.There remains no differences of caste after Deeksha. KulArnava Tantram,Chapter 14,...


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Better we talk about Sukshma Sharir in prior. It is made up of Manas, Buddhi & Ahamkar + 5 tanmatras. A soul (Jeevatma) leaves the body in this form after death. This is a bag whose content decides the next birth of the soul after death. This is explained by Swami Vivekananda (The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda/Volume 2/Jnana-Yoga/The Cosmos: The ...


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Yes Varna migration is possible. Change of Varna Narada said, 'If in members born in a certain Varna the qualities pertaining to another Varna are seen, they (the former) are to be classified as belonging to the latter Varna.' Srimad Bhagavata Purana VII.11.35 Sage Pulastya's views on how to become a Brahmana Sage Pulastya said,"..by vows, by ...


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No. He will be considered degraded then. He will be a Brahmin just for the namesake. From Manu Smriti: 2.103. But he who does not (worship) standing in the morning, nor sitting in the evening, shall be excluded, just like a Sudra, from all the duties and rights of an Aryan. From VYasa Smriti , chapter 4: A Brahmana, who has not studied the Vedas, ...


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The wearing of the sacred thread is part of the Dharma (duty) of the first three castes because as the Manu Smriti describes, they are the ones who can read the Vedas: 87) But in order to protect this universe He, the most resplendent one, assigned separate (duties and) occupations to those who sprang from his mouth, arms, thighs, and feet. 88) To ...


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Can a Dalit become a priest? Yes. According to this Hindustan Times news article: [More than 200 people belonging to SC, ST and fishermen communities are being trained by Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams to appoint them in temples the trust is constructing across Andhra Pradesh.] The Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD), which manages the country’...


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There is one reference in Mahabharata that clearly states that Varna is independent of birth and specifies conduct to be the only ground. Maheshwara said, ‘..Neither birth, nor the purificatory rites, nor learning, nor offspring, can be regarded as grounds for conferring upon one the regenerate status.Verily, the conduct is the only ground. All ...


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Kshatriyas and Vaishyas are allowed to drink certain forms of alcohol. Kumarila Bhatta discusses this in this excerpt from his Tantra Vartika, one of his commentaries on Jaimini's Purva Mimamsa Sutras. The context is that Kumarila Bhatta is discussing the fact that the practices of good men knowledgable about the Vedas are a Pramana or means of knowledge ...


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Argument 1a) Manusmriti 4.176 says Let him avoid (the acquisition of) wealth and (the gratification of his) desires, if they are opposed to the sacred law, and even lawful acts which may cause pain in the future or are offensive to men. Hence, even any lawful act which may cause pain in the future and are offensive to men , like casteism/varna ...


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There are no specific restrictions for reading and understanding Bhagavad Gita based on castes, differentiation apart from two cases, where Krishna himself emphasizes on to whom this Gita knowledge should not be spoken and to whom this knowledge shall be revealed BG 18.67: This instruction should never be explained to those who are not austere or to those ...


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There has already been a lot of discussion on converting to Hinduism and about caste system here on this site. The OP's question is slightly redundant. But I will answer the last part which hasn't been talked about here. And, what practices for worship do the converts follow? If they follow a certain sect's way, do they automatically get considered one of ...


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This question has more to do with human nature than Hinduism. When people were divided into castes based upon their work, some castes declared themselves superior and called others inferior. Worshiping Gods was considered superior and noble work, so that caste became superior. Cleaning, washing etc. were considered inferior work, so that caste became ...


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The answer depends on what you think is meant by caste. The answer is no if you think of caste as jati or community. The answer is yes if you think of caste as varna which should depend on conduct. I am posting the relevant Gita verses on varna: O great hero! The duties of Brahmanas, Ksatriyas, Vaisyas and also Sudras have been divided according to ...


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The duties of Kshatriyas are mentioned in many scriptures. Let us take an example from the Kurma Purana: The kshatriyas constitute the second of the four classes. They were created from Brahma’s arms. The duties of kshatriyas include dana (donation of alms), adhyayana (studying) and performing yajnas (sacrifices). But their primary duties are to take up ...


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