This is in continuation of my answer where inter-caste marriage is discussed based on Smritis i.e. Puranas. In the beginning of Satyuga, there were only 4 Varnas as mentioned in Geeta and Mahabharata 13: Anusasana Parva SECTION XLVIII and only 4 kind of occupations.
Thus to these mixed castes spring up from improper and sinful union of
fathers and ...
What does the Bhagavad Gita mean when it says caste is based on Gunas? Does it mean trained, external behavior, or genetic predisposition?
According to the various Smritis, Vedas, and ancient Vedic scholars and commentators, the word Guna in the Gita verse means genetic predisposition.
For reference, Gita verse 18.41 says:
The duties of the Brāhmaṇas, ...
It says that all four classes of men--brāhmaṇas, kṣatriyas, vaiśyas and śūdras--are distinguished by their quality of work. This is oopposite to the artificial caste system where people are judged by their birth.
brāhmaṇa-kṣatriya-viśāṁ śūdrāṇāṁ ca parantapa karmāṇi
pravibhaktāni svabhāva-prabhavair guṇaiḥ
Brāhmaṇas, kṣatriyas, ...
Why is intercaste marriage bad?
Intercaste marriages are bad because the offspring produced are genetically inferior. This is especially the case for Pratiloma marriages. Even when the husband is a higher caste than the wife, the wife should ideally be just one caste lower. The best form of marriage is same-caste marriage because it produces children with ...
Earliest mention of 4 classes of humans was made in Purusha Sukta from Rig Veda X.90.12.
The Brahman was his mouth, of both his arms was the Rājanya made. His
thighs became the Vaiśya, from his feet the Śūdra was produced.
We have to remember that this division was based on guna and karma , but not based on birth based.
This was reiterated by Sri ...
Does the Bhagavad Gita declare that caste is based on birth?
Yes it does, according to all ancient and orthodox Vedic commentators.
First, from chapter 1:
1.41 - When unrighteousness prevails, O Krishna the women of the clan become corrupt; when
women become corrupt, there arises intermixture of castes.
adharmābhi-bhavāt kṛṣṇa praduṣyanti kula-...
Varna System based on the birth is rigid only in Satyuga when everyone follow their Dharma, Varna and Ashram strictly. As the Yugas deteriorates, varna system based on birth starts collapsing. For example Ravana of Treta Yuga born from a Brahmin father and Rakshasha mother was an example of outcast. Similarly, are the mixed offsprings Yadu, Puru of a ...