There are thirty Kalpa are described by Lord Matsya in Matsya Purana, Chapter 290. Their name are as follows:
कल्पानां कीर्तनं वक्ष्ये महापातकनाशनम्। यस्यानुकीर्तनादेव वेदपुण्येन युज्यते॥२॥
प्रथमंश्वेतकल्पस्तु द्वितीयो नीललोहितः। त्वामदेवास्तृतीयस्तु ततो राथन्तरोऽपरः॥ ३॥
रौरवः पञ्चमः प्रोक्तः षष्ठो इति स्मृतः। ससेमार्थं बृहत्कल्पः कन्दर्पोऽष्टम ...
Indra Loka and Deva Loka are the same since Indra is the leader of the Devas who lives in their capital Amravati. The place is mentioned at many places and am sharing some of the references below. On the other hand, Vaikuntha is the spiritual abode of Lord Vishnu and scriptures give details of it as well.
SECTION CLXVII of the Vana Parva of ...
The concepts are similar. In his introduction to Brahma Sutras 3.3, Sankara says (Swami Vireswarananda translator):
It is not possible for the ordinary man to grasp the Infinite. Therefore the scriptures present various symbols of Brahman, such as Prana, Akasa, and mind, for the beginner to meditate upon. Sometimes they prescribe the cosmic form of ...
Let me first mention what exactly Axial Precession is for the benefit of those who may be reading this discussion but may not be aware of the phenomenon:
Simply put, Precession, is the wobbling of the Earth which causes the direction of its axis to change over a period of roughly 26,000 years.
The stars we see from earth do not ACTUALLY move rather this is ...
The Vayu Purana Chapter 21 also gives the names of Kalpas but they're all different from the ones in Matsya Puran. Also this text mentions 34 Kalpas, 4 more than those in Matsya Puran and I am sharing the whole lot:
Vedas say time is cyclic. So, there is no first creation.
Even we can comprehend it logically. If we assume there was first creation of Universe and other living beings (jivas), why some Atmans aquired status of Devas and why some Atmans took birth as humans and Rakshasas during very first birth? Even in Humans, why some Atmans were born as Brahmanas and ...
I would agree with those answers, which suggest following durations:
Krita Yuga 4800 years
Treta Yuga 3600 years
Dwapara Yuga 2400 years
Kali Yuga 1200 years
Here is the scriptural proof from Moksha Dharma Parva (assuming that it's not interpolated):
I shall, in their order, tell thee the number of years, that are (thus) for different purposes ...
According to Sri Yukteswar (The Holy Science), the duration of the four Yugas are:
Satya Yuga: 4800 years
Treta Yuga: 3600 years
Dwapara Yuga: 2400 years
Kali Yuga: 1200 years
Remark: Personally, I do not know if Sri Yukteswar right, but this answer should be given until the lighting is done on this matter. Sometimes masters transmit erroneous ...
Shrimad Bhagavatham Canto 12-3 is Bhumi Gita.
This chapter describes how the earth took note of the foolishness of
the many kings bent on conquering her. It also describes how even
though the Age of Kali is full of faults, the glorification of the
name of Lord Hari destroys them all. Nama Sankeertan is the easy way
to reach the abode of Lord ...
Yes, Mahabharata says that there is a region above the atmosphere.
Meanwhile Suka, proceeding through that region of the firmament that
is above the region of the wind displayed his Yoga-prowess and
identified with Brahma.
Mahabharata Santi Parva Section CCCXXXIV
Here is what this chapter of the Bhagavatam says:
The sun globe, which is a source of heat, extends for 10,000 yojanas [80,000 miles]. The moon extends for 20,000 yojanas [160,000 miles], and Rāhu extends for 30,000 yojanas [240,000 miles].... Below Rāhu by 10,000 yojanas [80,000 miles] are the planets known as Siddhaloka, Cāraṇaloka and Vidyādhara-loka. ...
Swami Swahananda defines Virat as follows:
Macrocosm and the Self identified with it.
Pancadasi of Sri Vidyaranya Swami by Swami Swahananda
Virat according to the Advaita Vedanta school is Brahman or Self identified with the macrocosm.
A story from the Brahmavaivarta Purana is told in Myths and Symbols in Indian Arts and Civilization by Heinrich Zimmer that tells of a divine child who says:
But the universes side by side an any given moment, each harboring a Brahma and an Indra: who will estimate the number of these? Beyond the farthest vision, crowding outer space, the universes come ...
Vaiavasvata Manu lives in Ramayana Varsha, as described in this chapter of the Sriman Bhagavatam:
In Ramyaka-varṣa, where Vaivasvata Manu rules, the Supreme Personality of Godhead appeared as Lord Matsya at the end of the last era [the Cākṣuṣa-manvantara]. Vaivasvata Manu now worships Lord Matsya in pure devotional service and chants the following mantra. ...
The Time Period of 4 Yuga's
Sat Yuga - 1,728,000 Solar Years
Treta Yuga - 1,296,000 Solar Years
Dwapar Yuga - 864,000 Solar Years
Kali Yuga - 432,000 Solar Years
you see because of mercy lord cut through the time for Kaliyuga! For more information over Hindu time measurement, read here,more-reading
@Sébastien Palcoux, Sri Yukteswar might be speaking in the terminology of demi-gods. One year of demi-gods is equal to 360 years of human beings, for more information read here. If you convert it in a human being year, then your answer will be equal to the traditional theory (kali yuga - 432,000 years; as given in @Yogi's answer). Sri Yukteswar in terms of ...
Vedanta says that moral excellence is necessary for moksha or liberation. It is a simple fact that most people are morally imperfect. If you don’t accept the concept of reincarnation then you will have to face the question as to what happens to people who are morally imperfect. Do these people end up eternally in hell or do they cease to exist? If you choose ...
Kala in context of time:
Fact is whatever we do and however we do, we need to understand one basic thing that time does not stops for anyone nor can anyone stop time. Even if we are not doing anything time is ticking on and it has been ticking on since infinity and it will keep on doing that till infinity.
Kala in context of darkness:
Another fact is that ...
Did they even split? The split is only an illusion. A must read is the story of two birds in kathopanishad. Therewere no two birds! That was an illusion or dream or whatever..... Advaita vedanta doesnt say you must merge into god! It says you are god! You dont have to reach to a destination. You were always there!!!
So there is no split and it is only maya ...
As per chapter 53 of Markandeya Purana and Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa 5.1, the name of 7 of continents (dweep) on which Priyavrata's sons ruled are as follow:
It is not correct to say that our ancient seers did not say beginning. Interested readers will go through Nasadiya Suktam of 10th Mandal , Suktam .129(Creation) of Rig-Veda:
THEN was not non-existent nor existent: there was no realm of air, no sky beyond it. What covered in, and where? and what gave shelter? Was water there, unfathomed depth of water?
There are two verses about the universe in the Gita which state the manifestation and de-manifestation of it and the Jivas.
At the dawn of the day of Brahma this whole universe comes into manifestation from the Unmanifest (Prakrti). When the night begins, it dissolves in that Unmanifest itself.
O son of Prtha! This vast collectivity of ...
Sébastien Palcoux and Creator found good numbers from some scripture/ literature / Wikipedia.
I recently visited "Brahmakumaris".
I would like to share this what they said about "Yugas". What they said to me, I could think as it was logically true.
This is just a belief of Brahmakumaris, so There is no dispute with Hindu scriptures. I am just sharing ...