This is a complicated question to answer because Dharma Shastras say one thing and practice has deviated significantly.
To answer your question, I have to give a detailed background:
When a person dies, there is 10 days of 'taint' in the family of sapiNDas - those that share a common patrilinear ancestor - for seven generations.
The departed soul is ...
Vedic sanskrit is different from classical sanskrit. Because vedic sanskrit was used around 1500 to 600bce and vedas were written in vedic sanskrit.
After that classical sanskrit was used.
There are major and minor differences in the pronunciation and spelling of words(same words) and vocabulary is also different .
Understand it with this example :
Rig Veda ...
Dharma is greater than patriotism. Patriotism is not to be conflated with Dharma.
This is best explained with the help of Vibhishina’s siding with Sri Rama (i.e. Dharma) instead of Ravana.
Before the was Vibhishina insisted on returning Sita Mata as it was the right thing to do
किम् च राक्षस राजस्य रामेण अपकृतम् पुरा |
आजहार जन स्थानाद् यस्य भार्याम् यशस्वि...
Rig Veda (8.33.17) :
अ॒धः प॑श्यस्व॒ मोपरि॑ संत॒रां पा॑द॒कौ ह॑र ।मा ते॑ कशप्ल॒कौ दृ॑श॒न्त्स्त्री हि ब्र॒ह्मा ब॒भूवि॑थ ॥
adhaḥ paśyasva mopari saṁtarām pādakau hara | mā te kaśaplakau dṛśan strī hi brahm
“O men and women, keep your eyes down on earth and not sky let your lower legs be covered and not exosoed ; walk on both feet together(as two wheels and two ...
Sapindeekaranaat Purvam Shobhanam Na Vidheeyate
Yadi Chet TatKrutam Karma Kattru Nashaya Kalpate
Do not plan auspicious activities before Sapindeekarana.
If it is done, the doer shall face ruin.
Sapindeekarana (12th day Pitru rituals) used to be done only after 1 year of tithi was completed, because the departed Atma takes 1 year to reach YamaLoka. And ...
In one of the answers, it was mentioned as follows:
येषामीशे पशुपतिः पशूनां चतुष्पदामुत च द्विपदम् ।। [YajurVeda 3.1.4]
Which Pashus do the Pashupati rules? He rules both the two footed and four footed.
A forerunner for this concept is available in Rig Veda I.114.1 & 9, dedicated to Rudra, in a subtle manner.
इ॒मा रु॒द्राय॑ त॒वसे॑ ...