Shanta is described as Dasharatha's daughter in the Srimad Bhagavatam not in a retelling of the Ramayana as you might expect, but in a description of a line of lunar dynasty kings which includes Romapada:
From Diviratha came a son named Dharmaratha, and his son was Citraratha, who was celebrated as Romapāda. Romapāda, however, was without issue [i.e. ...
Besides the famous Putrakameshthi of Ramayan, there are other examples as well in the scriptures and every time it has resulted in the birth of sons.
Mahabharat Book 13 Anushasan Parva Section XXX mentions Rishi Bharadwaj performing a similar Yagnya for Divodas:
"Bhishma continued, 'Unto him who pleaded so piteously, Bharadwaja of great energy said, Do ...
The claim of Dasharatha having 60,000 wives is from later versions of the Ramayana, particularly the Kamba Ramayana. But as far as the Valmiki Ramayana goes, Dasharatha has at least 350 wives, as described in the Ayodhya Kanda of the Ramayana:
That king Dasaratha, who speaks truth, whose mind is virtuous, who is like an ocean by his depth of character ...
Rama is not a biological son of Dasharatha. Rama did not born from Kausalya due to the physical union with Dasharatha.
The slokha you quoted is
Then Dasharatha on entering palace chambers spoke this to queen
Kausalya, "Receive this dessert to beget your son."
It says that Dasharatha offered dessert that was obtained after performing ...
Vishnu Purana mentions Shanta as Dashrath's daughter given to his friend, King Romapada of Anga kingdom.
This was mentioned by Sage Parashar while describing the Anu-Vansh in Chaturtha Ansha - Adhyaya 18 - Shloka 18 (Vishnu Purana by Gita Press).
Lord Rama in Ramcharitmanas Uttar kanda answers this question giving an analogy to that as:
एक पिता के बिपुल कुमारा ।
होहिं पृथक गुन सील अचारा ।।
कोउ पंडित कोउ तापस ग्याता ।
कोउ धनवंत सूर कोउ दाता।।
कोउ सर्वग्य धर्मरत कोइ।
सब पर पितहि प्रीति सम होई।।
कोउ पितु भगत बचन मन कर्मा ।
सपनेहुँ जान न दूसर धर्मा ।।
सो सुत प्रिय पितु प्रान समाना ।
The story of the friendship between Dasharatha and Jatayu is found in the Adikāṇḍa of Śrīrāma Pāñcālī by Krittbas Ojha (Bengali Ramayana) and is the source for the third version quoted in the question i.e. Dasharatha and Jatayu became friends when Jatayu saved Dasharatha from falling. They kindled a fire and affirmed their friendship to each other.
The story ...
According to Valmiki Ramayan, Kaikeyi is the second wife of King Dasharatha. In Aranya Kand, when Lakshmana is criticizing Kaikeyi then Sri Rama told to Lakshmana not to use harsh words against our second mother.
न तेऽम्बा मध्यमा तात गर्हितव्या कथञ्चन।
तामेवेक्ष्वाकुनाथस्य भरतस्य कथां कुरु।।3.16.37।।
O dear, Kaikeyi, our second mother, is never to ...
King Dasharatha decides to perform an elaborate Vedic ritual, called Aswamedha yajna, Horse Ritual, to beget children. He being a considerate king in taking conscience of the courtiers, he discusses this aspect with the Vedic scholars and ministers of his court, beforehand.
मम लालस्य मानस्य सुतार्थम् नास्ति वै सुखम् |
तदर्थम् हयमेधेन यक्ष्ह्यामि इति मतिर् ...
I've found the meaning of Dashratha, explained in the Gloss
(by Swami Sadhagopan) on Mahaveera Vaibhavam authored by Kavitarkika Simha Swami Vedanta Deshikan himself.
Quoting from the Gloss on Gadya/Passage 6:
Hail to thee O Lord, who through your birth liquidated the third debt
of your father Dasaratha, who was famous for his help to Indra in his
Dasharatha confident in his skills of Sabdha bhedi (i.e hitting target by listening to its moment) mistakes that a hermit boy who is fetching water for his parents as an elephant shoots him.
This is mentioned in the following sloka of Valmiki Ramayana
pratibuddho muhur tena shoka upahata cetanaH |
atha raajaa dasharathaH sa cintaam abhyapadyata || 2-...
It is also stated that he married them because of Parashu Rama’s vow to kill the Kshatriyas as a revenge for his father’s death.
however the was one exception, that he will not kill a Kshatriya, who had Marriage Kangan on his wrist.
This Kangan, yellow band of Thread was used to be worn for one year from the date of marriage.
Convinced that he could not ...
Rig Veda IV.26.3 was quoted in the question, and the OP made a statement - suffice it to say that it's about the deeds of Indra even though the "I" may not be Indra.
In the wild joy of Soma I demolished Śambara's forts, ninety-and-nine,
together; And, utterly, the hundredth habitation, when helping
This Hymn is dedicated to Indra. ...
I come to the conclusion that Jatayu and Dasharatha became friends in the battle with Sambarasura as mentioned in Kamba Ramayana.
Here is my Justification,
The mentioned event of Dasharatha meeting Lord Sani in Amar Chitra Katha comic differs from the one told Padma Purana. I would consider Padma Purana more reliable than a comic. There is no mention of ...
It is not a curse put forth by King Dasaratha, but a conditional prohibition on Bharata.
After Sri Rama leaves Ayodhya, King Dasaratha says to Kaikeyi, renouncing his marital ties with her, as follows:
भरतः चेत् प्रतीतः स्यात् राज्यम् प्राप्य इदम् अव्ययम् | यन् मे स
दद्यात् पित्र् अर्थम् मा मा तत् दत्तम् आगमत् || २-४२-९
"If Bharata feels cheerful ...
What is the significance of Dasharatha's marriage with three women
King Dasaratha of Kosala has three wives, all of whom are unable to
conceive (Sivaraman 107). His first and oldest wife, Kausalya, has
rights to the throne for her son unlike his second and third wives,
Sumitra, and Kaikeyi. The love King Dasaratha has for Kaikeyi is
comparable to the love ...
It was common in all Hindu kings to have multiple wives.
Dasaratha had multiple wives but he had no heirs for a long time. Messenger of God (Rushi) met Dasaratha and he performed a Yoga to have heirs. The Yoga Prasad(food) half (food) was given to his first wife Kausalya, one sixth to his youngest wife Kaikeyi and the rest to Sumitra, his middle wife. ...
This article might help. It gives details about Rama's charming and amusing nature. He is loved by everyone in the kingdom because he is soft-spoken, brave and kind-hearted. That might be the reason King Dasaratha loved him so much.
No. Sambara was not killed by Dasaratha at all. He was actually killed by Pradyumna. It says here
Pradyumna escaped, and after eventually growing up, killed Sambara and married his wife.
More proof can be found here.
One of the meaning of the word ratha - रथ - is champion. dasharatha might indicate champion in 10 fields.
The 6th Sarga of Bala Kanda describes the achievements of King Dasaratha.
तस्यां पुर्यामयोध्यायां वेदवित्सर्वसंग्रहः | दीर्घदर्शी महातेजाः
पौरजानपदप्रियः || १-६-१ इक्ष्वाकूणामतिरथो यज्वा धर्मपरो वशी |
महर्षिकल्पो राजर्षिः त्रिषु लोकेषु विश्रुतः ...
An article in this webpage describes how Jatayu and Dashratha were friends,
When the three of them, Rama, Lakshman and Sita were going towards
Panchavati, on the way they saw a vulture as large as a mountain. At
first Shri Rama mistook him for a Rakshasa (demon) when Jatayu
introduced himself, “Oh Shri Rama, I am Jatayu, a friend of your
Jatayu's brother, Sampaati was friends with Dasharatha. So Jatayu tried to rescue Sita. It is thought thought that Rama (because he is godly) foresaw this vision roughly and agreed with the thought that Jatayu had befriended his dad.