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Vidhura is the word used for a widower in Baudhayana Dharma Sutras 2.10.17.4: Now we will explain the rule for entering the order of ascetics (saṃnyāsa). Some (teachers say), 'He who has finished his studentship may become an ascetic immediately on (the completion of) that.' But (according to others, asceticism is befitting) for Sālīnas and Yāyāvaras who ...


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In this context, the below sloka from the Bhagavad Gita 2.27 is relevant - जातस्य हि ध्रुवो मृत्युर्ध्रुवं जन्म मृतस्य च। तस्मादपरिहार्येऽर्थे न त्वं शोचितुमर्हसि।।2.27।। For those who are born, death is certain. For those who die, (re-)birth is certain. Therefore you should not feel grief for what is inevitable. (The only exception to the above birth-...


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Usana Smriti's Chapter 7 has the following verse: It is laid down that Sapindikaran, S'raddha should be preceeded by the Daiva, (i.e., offerings made to the Deities). There one should invite the departed Manes and point out again (i.e., invoke) the deceased.* (17) On this verse the translator/commentator (Manmatha Nath Dutta) says: A deceased person is ...


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Summary: (Read conclusion below for a summarised compact understanding, since answer is long.) Upapātaka doesn’t mean minor sin but general sin. There’s no hierarchy of sins per say except the 5 major ones and killing of women (or anyone) is in no way inferior. There is no differentiation between the killing of Men and women both have been accorded an ...


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Why slaying a woman must be considered "just a minor offense" (upapataka) while killing a brahmin (ब्रह्म-हत्या) is a despicable unforgivable offense - mahapataka? Why such presumed inequality? Why did you cherry pick the mention of women from the verse and not the mention of kshatriyas, vaishyas, and shudras, which include men? Why shouldn't it ...


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Why slaying a woman must be considered "just a minor offense" (upapataka) while killing a brahmin (ब्रह्म-हत्या) is a despicable unforgivable offense - mahapataka? Why such presumed inequality? These are mere categorisation of offences with their after-affects. After-effects ain't tantamount to punishment from the king. It's neither a minor ...


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