Do the mleccha civilizations become stronger than the vedic civilization in kali yuga?
Yes, kali yuga is when the destruction of Vedic civilization and the rise of the Mleccha civilizations happens.
From the Vishnu Purana on the symptoms of Kali Yuga:
The people of the various countries intermingling with them will follow their example, and the ...
"Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Then, O King, religion, truthfulness,
cleanliness, tolerance, mercy, duration of life, physical strength and
memory will all diminish day by day because of the powerful influence
of the Age of Kali. -- ŚB 12.2.1
Age of Kali affects all human race. Yes, in age of Kali mlecchas will be predominant and sattvic people, or people ...
How does one attain the specific heavenly realms situated above Earth?
One way is by following the various dharmas of the different castes. If a member of a particular caste fulfills his caste duty, he will by default go to that particular realm that is a reward for following his varnashramadharma.
From the Vishnu Purana:
The means of subsistence having ...
Are all men created equal according to Hinduism? Is this predominant western belief based on the Vedas?
No, this belief is non-Vedic.
This is in direct contrast to the hundreds of statements in Shruti and Smriti that say that men are not created equal due to karma and reincarnation, which western philosophy does not believe in.
Chhandogya Upanishad 5....
You can not ask for scientific reasons here as it will be considered as off-topic. But you can ask for significance or just reasons behind some practice.
The waist band is prescribed in the scriptures in the dress code. It is called the "Kati Sutra". Without wearing this Kati Sutra one is not qualified to perform Srauta and Smarta rituals. That is why you'...
Are Mlecchas (Westerners) allowed to say OM before Yoga class?
No, it is a huge sin.
From the Shastras,
The Sûdra is specially forbidden to hear and study the Veda and to perform the things enjoined in it. 'For a Sûdra is like a cemetery, therefore the Veda must not be read in the vicinity of a Sûdra;' 'Therefore the Sûdra is like a beast, unfit for ...
Does the Bhagavad Gita declare that caste is based on birth?
Yes it does, according to all ancient and orthodox Vedic commentators.
First, from chapter 1:
1.41 - When unrighteousness prevails, O Krishna the women of the clan become corrupt; when
women become corrupt, there arises intermixture of castes.
adharmābhi-bhavāt kṛṣṇa praduṣyanti kula-...
The term Mleccha has different connotations.
a person like the uncultured people, who is not able to pronounce
words correctly cf. म्लेच्छा मा भूमेत्यध्येयं व्याकरणम् (mlecchā mā
It also indicates a barbarian.
Manu Smriti 7.149 says
जडमूकान्धबधिरांस्तैर्यग्योनान् वयोऽतिगान् ।
The position that all humans are created equal does not apply for Hinduism since the jiva is considered to be eternal. The physical organism and the Atman of all Jiva are equal. However jivas are unequal because of difference in their karma.
Bhishma said, "Verily Righteousness is fraught with victory. Its
effulgence is so great that it illumines the ...
What you saw is probably a modern form of the mekhalā (girdle) which is tied to boys during upanayana (initiation). The Manusmṛti says the tying of the girdle is done as part of a saṃskāra called Mauñjībandhana:
baijikaṃ gārbhikaṃ cainaṃ dvijānāmapamṛjyate || 2.27 ||
Of twice-born men the ...
Is there any written evidence in Mahabharata why Krishna supported Pandavas in war?
Yes, the Pandavas were incarnations of the Devas, whereas the Kauravas were incarnations of Rakshasas and Asuras, and the Mahabharata war was actually a war between the Devas and Asuras for supremacy of the Earth.
From the Adivansavatarana Parva:
"And, O bull of the ...
The description of an Akshauhini is as follows:
'One chariot, one elephant, five foot-soldiers, and three horses form
one Patti; three pattis make one Sena-mukha; three sena-mukhas are
called a Gulma; three gulmas, a Gana; three ganas, a Vahini; three
vahinis together are called a Pritana; three pritanas form a Chamu;
three chamus, one Anikini; ...