The premise of the question, that Goddess Kali is like a human female, is incorrect. Ma Kali is the infinite Brahman according to the great spiritual figures like Ramprasad and Sri Ramakrishna. It would be a terrible mistake to read the iconography literally. I am posting one song by Ramprasad published in The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna to make the point:
This question arises when one assumes that Lord Shiva (actually Shankara) is married to Sati and Parvati only one time.
Actually same Lord Shiva is married to many Sati and many Parvati just like in cycles.
For eg. He has married with Sati multiple times. Rudra Samhita of Shiva Purana in chapter 14 verse 9 states:
केचद्वदन्ति तां ज्येष्ठां मध्यमां चापरे ...
Analysis of dreams(swapna) has been done in detail in the Agni Purana.I'll be quoting from the book Essence of Dharma Sindhu that contains its summary.
Swapna Prakarana: Swimming in a river or Sea, flying in the Sky, Graha-Nakshatra-Surya-Chandr a darshana, hiking a high building or a
temple, drinking hard drinks, eating meat, spraying krimi-ke etaas on
Godesses Ambika who is also known by the name Godesses Durga is the Mahisasura Mardini (slayer of Mahisasura). Precisely speaking it is Chandika form of Godesses Ambika who slays Mahisasura:
Chaptet 81 to Chapter 93 of Markandeya Purana is called Devi Mahatmyam and it sings the Glory of Devi.
First of all Mahisasura defeats all gods and take their ...
The eight Mantras of the Suktam in question were revealed to a female Rishi (or RishikA) called VAk, the daughter of Rishi Ambhrina. And, that is why it is called the VAk Suktam.
Another popular name of this Sukta is the Rig Vedokta Devi Suktam.
It is customary to recite this Suktam as part of the Sri Chandi PAtha.
There are many Hymns in Rig Veda Mandala ...
From the texts it appears that there is a deep connection between Parvati and Durga and generally we believe that the former has emerged from the latter. However Devi Bhagwat Puran Chapter 28 of Book 7 gives the account of Parvati transforming into Shatakshi and then Shakambhari who was renamed Durga after she killed the demon Durgam:
There, Goddess ...
It simply means that you were a devotee of Durgaji in some previous lifetime and she is reminding you to worship her again to complete your journey. You seem to be one lucky fellow because even those devotees don't see her in their dreams who have been worshipping her for a long time.
In fact a new study in psychology suggests that many of your dreams might ...
Let's answer this question keeping the refrence point as "Consort of Lord Shiva".
If it be known that they all are consort of Lord Shiva, then it is known they all are same, as Adi-Shakti herself is the consort of Lord Shiva.
Yajurveda Taittariya Aranyaka 10.21.1
अम्बिकापतये उमापतये पशुपतये नमो नम:
Salutations to Him who is Lord of Ambika, who is Lord ...
Yes, In chapter 91 of Markandeya Purana (or chapter 11 of Saptashati), Devi speaks about her various coming incarnations in future to destroy demonic forces. In the last verse or verse 55, Devi states:
इत्थं यदा यदा बाधा दानवोत्था भविष्यति ॥
तदा तदावतीर्याहं करिष्याम्यरिसंक्षयम् ॥५५॥
Whenever and wherever there will be disturbances from the demonic ...
Since you asked Was Sati also a reincarnation of mother Durga ?, you should also understand why Durga Devi was born as Sati Devi.
When Brahma created beings initially, they couldn't multiply or reproduce sexually. Lord Brahma wanted female energy or Shakti to make sexual reproduction possible (so that beings would be able to reproduce) and did Tapasya for ...
Uma is another name of Parvati as I discuss here. In Valmiki Ramayana:
तस्याम् गंग इयम् अभवत् ज्येष्ठा हिमवतः सुता |
उमा नाम द्वितीया अभूत् कन्या तस्य एव राघव || १-३५-१६
"From Mena, this Ganga is emerged as an elder daughter to Himavanta, and a second daughter, by her name she is Uma, is also begotten by Himavanta, oh, Raghava... [1-35-16]
Santoshi Mata is a relatively new goddess venerated as 'Mother of Satisfaction'. She emerged as the goddess in early 1960 through word of mouth and fasting culture. However, there is exactly no reference of Santoshi Mata in any Hindu scriptures.
Another important thing to note is that Santoshi Mata only became popular after the 1975 Bollywood movie 'Jai ...
Lalitha Sahasra Namam is from Brahmanda purana (Old epic of the universe), it is divided into three parts.
The first one is called ‘Poorva Bhaga’ the middle portion which is called ‘Stotra’ which consists of 1000 Namas (names) and the last portion is called ‘Uttara Bhaga’.
The Poorva Bhaga talks about its origin. The Uttara Bhaga gives details of the ...
Yes, Samba means Sa + Amba ie. Attended/ accompanied by Amba or With Amba.
स + अम्बा = साम्ब (ie. With Amba)
स + उमा = सोम (ie. With Uma)
स + उमा + स्कन्ध = सोमस्कन्ध (ie. With Uma and Skandha)
The above all are names of Lord Shiva. Samba is frequently used in scriptures to denote Shiva and Shakti aspect simultaneously. They are used frequently in ...
Another name of Goddess Durga is Adi Shakti, so Durga and Shakti are same.
However if we see Shakti as concept of energy, then Durga is the personification of every Shakti of the Universe which I also discuss here. It is also seen in the Durga Saptashati which is a part of Markandeya Purana. In the Saptashati it is clearly seen that Durga is the innate ...
As commented, some says it is attributed to both Ramakrishna Kavi and Adi Shankaracharya. I'm here talking about what I've found:
Mahishasuramardini Stotra is a part of Bhagavatipadyapushpanjalistotra (भगवतीपद्यपुष्पांजलिस्तोत्र) which is written by Ramakrishna Kavi.You can read the full Bhagavati Padya Pushpanjali Stotra here in Sanskrit or transliteration....
Uma is name of parvati mata,parvati mata is daughter of the Himalayas.In Ramayana parvati mata is called daughter of himalayas by the name Uma and Shiva s consort that is parvati mata is usually called by the name Uma.
तस्याम् गंग इयम् अभवत् ज्येष्ठा हिमवतः सुता |
उमा नाम द्वितीया अभूत् कन्या तस्य एव राघव || १-३५-१६
From Mena, this Ganga ...
Mahavidya are Shakti of Dash Avatara of Shiva. Most people are only aware about Dashavatara of Lord Vishnu. However Shiva Purana Shat Rudra Samhita also gives Dashavatara of Lord Shiva along with respective Shakti. And the respective Shaktis are called Mahavidyas:
Shiva Purana Shat Rudra Samhita chapter 17 "Dashavatar of Shiva with Shakti:
Perhaps the most famous general Devi mantra is the Aparajita Stuti, AKA the Tantrik Devi Sukta, a mantra taken from the Devi Mahatmya (AKA Saptashati) of the Markandeya Purana, where the gods use this mantra to propitiate Durga. Here is the Sanskrit:
नमो देव्यै महादेव्यै शिवायै सततं नमः।
नमः प्रकृत्यै भद्रायै नियताः प्रणताः स्म ताम्॥९॥
Namo devyai ...
What boons did Ravana receive from Brahma?
Ravana was advised by his mother Kaikasi to do penance to become equal in to his brother Kubera. Then thee brothers Ravana, Kumbhakarna and Vibhishana started doing penance. After some time lord Brahma appeared before them. Ravana received the boon that he will not be killed by Deva, Gandharva, Naga, Yaksha, ...
|| durgaa ashTottara shata naamaavalee ||
om shriyai nama:
om umaayai nama:
om bhaaratyai nama:
om bhadraayai nama:
om sharvaaNyai nama:
om vijayaayai nama:
om jayaayai nama:
om vaaNyai nama:
om sarvagataayai nama:
om gauryai nama: |10|
om vaaraahyai nama:
om kamalapriyaayai nama:
om sarasvatyai nama:
There is nothing bizarre or surprising in it.
Even the Brahmanda Purana says that Mother Lalita recreates the entire universe and recreates every deities including Lakshmi and Saraswati.
H. At the end of this great fire sacrifice, all of you (the performers
of the Yaga) should jump in to the Homa Kunda (fire pit). While doing
so, you must possess ...
First of all, the phrase Durga Suktam is not part of the text (Rig Veda).
The entire DurgA Suktam is found in the MahAnArAyana Upanishad (MNU), section 2 and not in the Vedas. It has seven mantras in all.
And, of the seven mantras, only five are found in the Rig Veda, the remaining two are not.
The mantras that are from Rig Veda are:
The Nava Durga, if you properly notice are forms of Parvati. As Wikipedia mentions:
The nine manifested forms of Goddess Durga (Gauri) or (Parvati) are: Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayini, Kaalratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidhatri.
The Dash Mahavidyas are mentioned as forms of Sati (Parvati's previous incarnation) or ...
The answer to this question is two point.
The concept that toplessness is crude or vulgar is a western custom. It's one of the byproducts of Victorian morality that was forced into our cultural system. Before the arrival of westerners, there was no concept of a separate cloth to cover the top half of the body. In Europe, due to colder climate, they have to ...
In Tantras, we find the mention of Navakanyas or Kulanganas, who are generally nine women who come from different backgrounds and represent the total feminine spectrum of the society. This reflects the core essence of a particular verse from Devi Mahatmya, according to which all women are but parts of Parama Prakriti:
Oh Devī! The eighteen doctrines ...
Goddess Durga herself is Adi Parashakti. In Sri Chandi (from the Markandeya Purana), she is described as the combined form of the 3 deities viz; Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati.
The Devi Atharva Sirsha describes Adi Parashakti's features as follows:
sābravīt- ahaṃ brahmasvarūpiṇī । mattaḥ prakṛtipuruṣātmakaṃ jagat । śūnyaṃ cāśūnyam ca ॥2॥
You are correct. It is a representation of the female principle. Both Durga and Sakti are representations of the female principle. the goddess Durga refers to the female principle when seen with certain aspects or attributes. In his book, The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna (available here - http://www.belurmath.org/gospel/index.htm), in his Glossary, Swami ...
Swami Vijnanananda in his Foreword to his translation to the Devi Bhagavatam says:
What the Srimad Bhagavat is to the Vaisnavas, the Devi Bhagavatam is to the Saktas. The question of the priority of the two Bhagavatas has been often discussed more in the spirit of partisians rather than that of sober scholars.
The subject of The coming in this world of ...
You can get unabridged Devi Bhagavata Purana and Markandeya Purana in Sanskrit and English with verse by verse translation from IndianScriptures site. Here are links for them.
Each Chapter is uploaded as separate pdf file on that site.
You can also read Lalita Mahatmya of Brahmanda Purana which describes glory of ...