He is the founder of the sampradaya (tradition) and the leader of it, the chief acarya (teacher) in the tradition as well. A follower of the tradition should not contradict the tenets of the tradition taught by the leader and chief acarya. So if someone is contradicting Sri Caitanya's teaching, that cannot be an official Gaudiya Vaishnava opinion.
All that ...
I will post what I consider key books. I am limiting to very few though it is not that others are less important. For some of the books I didn't give English links, because free online versions are not available for the whole book. Such books can be bought online if need be.
1.Bhagavata Sandarbha also known as Sat Sandarbhas: (Jiva Goswami)
The first four ...
Apart from the Srimad-Bhagavatam the key Gaudiya Vaishnava texts are:
• Chaitanya Charitamrita by Krishnadasa Kaviraj. You can buy it here in nine volumes (along with the commentary of A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada) here.
• Chaitanya Bhagavatam by Vrindavana Dasa. You can read it here.
• Chaitanya Mangala by Lochana Dasa. You can read it here.
Gaudiya vaishnavas consider Krishna to be superior than Brahman. It is believed so based on Bhagavad geeta.
There are two verses (I found only two, there could be other verses) in which Krishna said He is beyond Brahman.
brahmaṇo hi pratiṣṭhāham amṛtasyāvyayasya ca śāśvatasya ca dharmasya sukhasyaikāntikasya ca
Meaning: And I am the basis of the ...
In the above conversation we don't get the full picture.
We get full picture of Sridhara Svami as seen by Gaudiya Vaishnavas in Tattva Sandarbha work of Jiva Goswami.
Text 27 of Tattva Sandarbha reads as follows:
Therefore to ascertain what is actually the highest good in life we
should focus our investigation on Srimad Bhagava-tam, carefully
In addition to @KrishnaShweta 's answer, I would like to add the following verse spoken by Krishna from the Harivamsa Purana which Gaudiya Vaishnavas use to show impersonal Brahman as the "Anga Jyoti" of Krishna:
tat param paramam brahma sarvam vibhajate jagat mamaiva tad ghanam tejo jnatum arhasi bharata
English Translation: That Supreme Brahman ...
The letters and personal conversations are more very contextual and you may just see contrary statements depending on the person and context elsewhere. Books are more authoritative than the personal conversations and letters. Though in some places even in books, he wrote some things as per some modern surveys he heard if that helps it. And that survey result ...
Gaudiya Vaishnavas accept Adi Shankara to be an incarnation of Shiva. However, they believe that like Buddha, Adi Shankara was born to deviate the people in Kali-Yuga from the path of the Vedas.
This is what Jiva Goswami states in his "Sri Tattva Sandarbha" regarding Adi Shankara:
atha yad eva kaivalyam apy atikramya bhakti-sukha-vyaharadi-lingena-nija
Well, I do know of a commentary on the Katha Upanishad, authored by Swami B.V. Giri, which adheres to Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. Unfortunately, the book is not available online. You can buy it here.
Edit 1: I found commentaries written by Sri Bhakti Prajnan Yati Maharaj free online on the Taittirya Upanishad, Aitareya Upanishad and Chandogya Upanishad. You can ...
Yes, it was said by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to Sarvabhouma Bhattacharya, in Chaitanya Charitamrita, Madhya Lila, Chapter 6, Verse 169:
jīvera nistāra lāgi’ sūtra kaila vyāsa
māyāvādi-bhāṣya śunile haya sarva-nāśa
“Śrīla Vyāsadeva presented the Vedānta philosophy for the deliverance of conditioned souls, but if one hears the Mayavadi commentary, ...
It is wrong to say that Gaudiya Vaishnavas do not accept any link with the Madhva Sampradaya. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was Himself a disciple of a Madhva Guru, Sri Isvara Puri.
Baladeva Vidyabhusana himself acknowledges the link between the Madhva Sampradaya and the Gaudiya Vaishnava Sampradaya in his "Prameya Ratnavali".
tatra guru-paramparā yathā
Chaitanya Bhagavata is not a philosophical book, and it doesn't cover full life of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. It covers till Chaitanya Mahaprabhu takes sanyas and a bit after that. One things we learn from Chaitanya Bhagavata is that Bengali Vaishnavas were quite liberal and culturally sensitive and didn't have any fights/debates with other groups about supremacy....
Here is one instance found in Chaitanya Charitamrta where Muslims were converted and they were known as Pathan Vaishnavas.
CC Madhya 18.207 — In this way Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu directly
initiated the saintly Muslim by advising him to chant the holy name of
Kṛṣṇa. The Muslim’s name was changed to Rāmadāsa. Another Pāṭhāna
Muslim present there was ...
Here is Sri Chaitanya's Shiksastakam with their English translations taken from Life and Precepts of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakur.
anandambudhi-vardhanam prati-padam purnamritasvadanam
sarvatma-snapanam param ...
First that there is a covered incarnation in Kali-yuga is known from the below verse.
itthaṁ nṛ-tiryag-ṛṣi-deva-jhaṣāvatārair lokān vibhāvayasi haṁsi jagat
pratīpān dharmaṁ mahā-puruṣa pāsi yugānuvṛttaṁ channaḥ kalau yad
abhavas tri-yugo 'tha sa tvam
In this way, by appearing in various
incarnations as a human being, an ...
There is no direct reference to Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu being an incarnation of Sri Krishna in any Puranas.
However, this verse from the Srimad Bhagavatam is often quoted by Gaudiya Vaishnavas to assert Mahaprabhu's divinity:
yajanti hi su-medhasaḥ
Two things here
There is a sect of Hinduism who considers Krishna to be supreme brahman (godhead) based on SrimadBhagavatha's krishnastu bhagavan swayam. So the three moortis i.e., Brahma, Vishnu and Mahaeshwara merely work under the orders of Krishna. This is clearly expressed in the article and demigod also essentially mean the same.
However, these ...
This is one thing I felt Sri Prabhupada was wrong in thinking. Unfortunately neither Christianity nor Islam is compatible/ or very similar in essence with Vaishnavism.
In Vaishnavism you are not supposed to eat any flesh, but in Islam and Christianity there is no problem (even with cow)
"We have subjected the [animals] unto you, so that you may give ...
Yes, Gaudiya Vaishnavas accept the guna-based classification of the Puranas. This is what Jiva Goswami states in his "Sri Tattva Sandarba":
yad uktam matsye:
pancangam ca puranam syad akhyanam itarat smrtam sattvikesu ca kalpesu mahatmyam adhikam hareh
rajasesu ca mahatmyam adhikam brahmano viduh
tadvad agnes ca mahatmyam tamasesu sivasya ca