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35

The premise of the question, that Goddess Kali is like a human female, is incorrect. Ma Kali is the infinite Brahman according to the great spiritual figures like Ramprasad and Sri Ramakrishna. It would be a terrible mistake to read the iconography literally. I am posting one song by Ramprasad published in The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna to make the point: ...


18

Bālā Tripurasundarī or Kumārika is a form of Adi Shakti who is worshipped in the form of a girl who is around 9 years old. She is worshipped by people during the first two days of Navaratri. Girls of age 8 are respected and regarded as the form of Bala Tripura Sundari. They are bought new clothes. It is believed that this Goddess can be easily pleased ...


13

Yes most definitely she is a Hindu Goddess. She is mentioned in PurAnas as well as in the Tantras i.e Agamas. In Brahma Vaivarta PurAna's Prakriti Khanda, it is mentioned that a beautiful and resplendent Devi appeared from Lord Krishna's left shoulder into the RAsamandala: Devi vAmAmsha sambhutA vabhuva rAsamandale This Devi or Goddess later got divided ...


10

Mantras are classified as either masculine, feminine or neuter. Swaha type mantras are feminine and Namaha type are neuter. Swaha is used in havi, homa or yajnas to offer oblations to gods where as Swadha is used to offer oblations to pitars or manes: svāha devahavirdāne praśastā sarva karmasu piturdāne svadhā [BVP - 2.40.6] Meaning Swaha is ...


10

The Divine Mother Kali is worshiped by Saktas as the embodiment of Sakti, the Divine Power. Kali is the embodiment of Maya. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa says in The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna (pp 134-135): Thus Brahman and Sakti are identical. If you accept the one, you must accept the other. It is like fire and its power to burn. If you see fire, you must ...


10

According to Vayu Purana, Chapter 70, Samvatsara is the overlord of Ganita. When, everything was created by Prajapati Kashyapa, then he assigned every god their respective domain. In this process Samvatsara was assigned as presiding deity of Ganita. पक्षाणां च विपक्षाणां मुहूर्तानां च पर्वणाम्। कलाकाष्ठाप्रमाणाना गतेरयनयोस्तथा। गणितस्याथ योगस्य चक्रे ...


10

Yes, it is true. Gods do not blink. There are four physical qualities of Gods which differentiate them from humans. They do not blink. Hence they are called Animisha. They do not sweat. Their feet do not touch ground. There is a thin gap between the surface and their feet. Shadow is not formed for them. These are the qualities which Damayanti used to ...


10

According to the Devi Bhagavata Purana 6.15 (Book 6, Chapter 15), twinkling of eyes do not happen for the Devas. They have a fixed gaze. In contrast, for human beings, beasts etc the blinking of eyes occur. ” The Devî, the Lord of the Devas, the Mother of the World being highly pleased, said thus :-- “O King! At the expiry of this your Prârabdha ...


10

She is Sri Saradamba of Sringeri. Dhyana Sloka of Saradamba: (which resembles Dhyana Sloka of Dakshinamurthy as Saradamba is feminine form of Dakshinamurthy) मुद्रामक्षगुणं सुधाढ्यकलशं विद्यां च हस्तांबुजैर्बिभ्राणाम्। mudrāmakṣaguṇaṃ sudhāḍhyakalaśaṃ vidyāṃ ca hastāṃbujairbibhrāṇām।


9

From the texts it appears that there is a deep connection between Parvati and Durga and generally we believe that the former has emerged from the latter. However Devi Bhagwat Puran Chapter 28 of Book 7 gives the account of Parvati transforming into Shatakshi and then Shakambhari who was renamed Durga after she killed the demon Durgam: There, Goddess ...


9

No, not an avatara. Brahmacharini is one of the 9 forms of Devi Durga. Sailaputri-adi 9 forms of Goddess Durga is collectively known as the Navadurgas. They have been defined in the beginning verses of the Devi Kavacham which is found in the Devi Mahatyam, which in turn is a part of the Markandeya Purana. Devi Kavacham is recited as a part of reciting the ...


9

I have seen many Hindu deities being offered meat (mainly the Goddesses) and alcohol. You might have seen that but what you have missed seeing is that they are purified meat-alcohol. All the Pancha-Dravvyas are first purified using mostly Vedic and Agamic mantras. Only then they are considered fit to be used in rituals. What happens when one uses anyone ...


8

Santhoshi Mata has absolutely no basis in Hindu scripture. The earliest mention of her is in a modern-day Hindi pamphlet called the Santhoshi Mata Vrata Katha, which you can read here. In any case, there is absolutely no record of Santhoshi Mata before the 1960's, when her first five temples were stablished. Here's what this journal paper says: Art ...


8

The answer to this question is two point. The concept that toplessness is crude or vulgar is a western custom. It's one of the byproducts of Victorian morality that was forced into our cultural system. Before the arrival of westerners, there was no concept of a separate cloth to cover the top half of the body. In Europe, due to colder climate, they have to ...


8

According to Devi Bhagavatam Manasa is the mind born daughter of sage Kashyapa and Kadru(Mother of Manasa Devi) that is the reason behind her name Manasa Devi is also known as the snake Goddess who is worshipped mainly in Bengal and other North-Eastern states of India. It is believed that Goddess Manasa is the one who controls all the snakes on Earth and a ...


8

There is no purpose behind these classifications it is just a way of dividing stanzas and collection of verses in Sanskrit language. Suktam/Sukta refers to a vedic hynm of unmanned composition, since vedas are apaurusheya they are of divine origins (It is best way to worship a deity but for word of caution it is only meant for dwijas If you don't have had ...


8

Yes, In chapter 91 of Markandeya Purana (or chapter 11 of Saptashati), Devi speaks about her various coming incarnations in future to destroy demonic forces. In the last verse or verse 55, Devi states: इत्थं यदा यदा बाधा दानवोत्था भविष्यति ॥ तदा तदावतीर्याहं करिष्याम्यरिसंक्षयम् ॥५५॥ Whenever and wherever there will be disturbances from the demonic ...


8

Uma is another name of Parvati as I discuss here. In Valmiki Ramayana: तस्याम् गंग इयम् अभवत् ज्येष्ठा हिमवतः सुता | उमा नाम द्वितीया अभूत् कन्या तस्य एव राघव || १-३५-१६ "From Mena, this Ganga is emerged as an elder daughter to Himavanta, and a second daughter, by her name she is Uma, is also begotten by Himavanta, oh, Raghava... [1-35-16] ...


8

There are certainly a lot of women-only temples. Two of the famous ones, which I can recall are: Kamrupa Temple in Guwahati The Kamrupa Temple is a Shakti Peeth, where the yoni of Sati fell. During the menstrual cycle of the presiding deity, Kamakhya, only the female priests are present, and only women are allowed to visit the temple. Attukal Temple in ...


7

Various Puraans mention that thirteen of Daksha Prajapati's daughters were married to Dharma but none of those is Ahimsa. For example, Vishnu Puran Chapter 8 mentions the following wives of Dharma: The patriarch Daksha had by Prasúti twenty-four daughters: hear from me their names: Sraddhá (faith), Lakshmí (prosperity), Dhriti (steadiness), Tusht́i (...


7

The story of the goddess Kali is told in the Devi Mahatmya of the Markandeya Purana. She is an incarnation of the goddess Durga. For those who don't know, Durga was created from the combined powers of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva in order to defeat the demon Mahishasura. But she is generally viewed be the consort of Shiva, because she is considered an ...


7

Lalitha Sahasra Namam is from Brahmanda purana (Old epic of the universe), it is divided into three parts. The first one is called ‘Poorva Bhaga’ the middle portion which is called ‘Stotra’ which consists of 1000 Namas (names) and the last portion is called ‘Uttara Bhaga’. The Poorva Bhaga talks about its origin. The Uttara Bhaga gives details of the ...


7

Besides the Brahma Vaivarta Purana mentioned in the other answer, the 39th Chapter of the 9th Book of Devi Bhagavatam also mentions the origin of both Radha and Lakshmi from Krishna: 4-33. Nârâyana said :-- Of old, in the beginning of the Prâkritik Creation, from the left side of Krisna, the Supreme Spirit, appeared in the Râsamandalam (the Figure Dance) a ...


7

Deities is mostly refereed in Samhitas and Brahmanas of Rigveda. From wikipedia>Hindu deities>Number_of_deities: The number 33 is based on a verse in the Rigveda and Brihadaranyaka Upanishad - Chapter 3. which 11 gods each in heaven, on earth and in mid-air. Another verse of the Rigveda states that "3,339 gods have worshipped Agni". The extension to 330 ...


7

ChinnamastA means the one with severed head. In the shAkta tradition, she is the sixth cosmic goddess of the ten "mahAvidyAs". Her form is very fierce and hence has attracted many controversies over the meaning. Some have even linked it with black magic etc. Let us see the esoteric meaning of the iconography, The most controversial and important ...


7

Astrologically planet mercury or Budha is the deity related to mathematics. From Horasara: Chandra’s Amsh in such case indicates: pearls, carriers run in water, husbandry, water, clothes etc., cows, buffaloes, sugar, female’s company, chanting Mantras, hymns and the like and worship of Gods. Such Amsh of Mangal denotes: teaching, Mantras, ...


7

Uma is name of parvati mata,parvati mata is daughter of the Himalayas.In Ramayana parvati mata is called daughter of himalayas by the name Uma and Shiva s consort that is parvati mata is usually called by the name Uma. तस्याम् गंग इयम् अभवत् ज्येष्ठा हिमवतः सुता | उमा नाम द्वितीया अभूत् कन्या तस्य एव राघव || १-३५-१६ Meaning From Mena, this Ganga ...


7

It is not required that some one must see a God first before drawing his image. When, Gods are essentially formless, how they will look, when they assume a form, are mentioned in the Dhyana Shlokas (meditative verses) of that particular deity. Dhyana Shloka is chanted , that's why, at the very beginning of a Puja. Such Dhyana Shlokas are found in many ...


7

SB 1.3.24 Then, in the beginning of Kali-yuga, the Lord will appear as Lord Buddha... So Buddha is mentioned after Krishna and before Kalki incarnation.


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