As per the scriptures, a right guru must be fulfilling two important qualities:
Srotriya : He must be well versed in all the sashtras, i.e. Vedas, Puranas, Philosophies, etc. (master in theory)
Brahmanistha: He must himself have realized God and stays fixed in Him. (master in practice)
So the scriptures say as below:
tad vijñānārthaṃ sa gurum ...
Why is Guru equal to Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshvara
This is because Guru is God Himself come in Human form. The Guru is the guide who knows the way to take the jiva to the top, which is re-union with God.
Sri Swami Sivananda says in 'Guru Tattva':
The Guru is God Himself manifesting in a personal form to guide the aspirant. Grace of God takes the form of ...
In chapter 36 of Sri Tantraloka, Sri Abhinavagupta describes in detail how the Guru-Shishya Transmission took place:
2) Bhairavi Devi
3) Swachhanda Bhairava
7) Kamalaja (Brahma)
9) Guru (Brihaspati)
Out of 9 crore diversifications (NavaKotiVistara) Bhairava ...
Yes you can have.
See the following verse which i have used in this answer:
MadhuluvedhA yathA bhringah pushpAt pushAntaram vrajet | JyAna luvdha
stathA shishyah guro gurvantara vrajet ||
Just like the bee, desirous of honey, moves from one flower to the
other, a disciple, desirous of knowledge, can likewise move from one
Guru to another....
Adding few points to jabahar's answer:
There is no privilege to change Guru in the disciple's lifetime. One has to take enough time in choosing a right Guru. Infact it is not the student who finds the guru, it is the guru who finds the student. Based on one's strong determination, he may get the right Guru.
Few references to add are:
(1) Once a disciple ...
1- Yes, God loves.
The virtuous ones who worship me are of four kinds, the distressed, the seeker of knowledge, the seeker of wealth, and the man of knowledge, O Lord of the Bharatas. (BG 7.16)Of these, the man of knowledge, who is permanently established in yoga, whose devotion is single-minded, is the best. For I'm dear to him and he is exceedingly dear ...
Who is a Guru?
Guru is the God come in human form to help you realize Him.
The Guru is God Himself manifesting in a personal form to guide the aspirant. Grace of God takes the form of the Guru. To see the Guru is to see God. The Guru is united with God. He inspires devotion in others. His presence purifies all.
The Guru is verily a link between the ...
Ramanujacharya did not abandon his Guru Yadava Prakasha. Yadava Prakasha himself ordered to leave the school. So, he was following the command of his teacher.
Let's see what happened.
Hearing that his maternal cousin Govinda (who was known later as Embar) was studying at Yadava Prakasha, he joined there too. In the course of the studies, there was a lesson ...
Whether it is possible with asanas and related practices?
Yes it is technically possible. Some basic and advanced yogic methods can make Kundalini awakening or activation of chakra.
It can also happen spontaneously due to something called shaktipaat which means grace. There are examples of people getting movements of energy and kundalini experience at some ...
It is usually impossible to achieve any form of success in Yoga without the Guru.
Every bit of the practice has to be done under the guidance of the Guru only. See few verses from various chapters of the Hatha Yoga Pradipika:
When the Yogî remains inwardly attentive to the Brahman, keeping the
mind and the Prâna absorbed, and the sight steady, as if ...
As I discuss in this answer, Dattatreya was the son of the sage Atri, one of the mind-born sons of Brahma, and his wife Anasuya, who had received a boon that Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva would be born as her sons. And sure enough, Brahma incarnated as her son Chandra the moon god, Vishnu incarnated as Datta AKA Dattatreya, and Shiva incarnated as the short-...
Who gives titles to whom?
The Guru gives the title to His student in most of the cases[a]. Sometimes the saint Himself gives Himself a name. Sometimes the disciples give the name. There is no hard and fast rule for this. For example, Sri Ramana Maharishi did not receive His name from any Guru, but rather He was affectionately called so by His devotees on ...
Prof. Dr. Chandradhar Sharma gives an excellent writing on this often confusing aspect of Advaita in his book The Advaita Tradition in Indian Philosophy: A Study in Buddhism, Vedanta and Kashmira Shaivism. He goes through the sometimes technical details over many pages. In one section (pp 181-183) he writes:
Some critics have often failed to understand ...
Quoting the verse from this answer:
Mantridoshascha rAjAnam jAyAdoshah patim yathA |
TathA prApnotyasandeham shishyapApam gurum priye ||
Just like a king gets affected by the sins committed by his ministers,
a husband gets affected by the sins committed by his wife, likewise,
without any doubt, O Beloved, a disciple's sins affect the Teacher
As Pradip sir mentioned, anyone who knows Spiritual truth can bestow Knowledge. Ramanujacharya accepted Kanchipurna a Sudra as Guru. Nammalvar another Sudra wrote Divya Prabandham which is known as Tamil Veda. Dharmavyadha and Vidura were Sudras who bestowed knowledge even to Bramhins and Kings. These quotes proove that even a Sudra can be a Guru-
Many people here are aware of the fact that Sruti(the Vedas) should be learned and studied only under the guidance of a Guru.But the necessity of a Guru is not limited to Veda study only.
All the other Hindu Scriptures, like Smritis(Dharma Shastras),Vedangas,Puranas,Itihasas etc, are also to be studied under and learned from a Guru only.
A twice-born (...
Durvasa Rishi created one mind-born daughter, whom he initiated completely in the monistic way. Known as the Ardhatryambaka school of the Bhairava Tantras, this teaching manifests itself secretly from one woman to another. Kashmir Shaivism does not recognize women as inferior. In fact, Swami Lakshmanjoo tells us, “if a woman
remains one-pointed in her ...
As per tantras, You can change until your purnadiksha (higher/highest initiation). I.e in the initial initiations it is allowed to change. But it is recommended to have a single guru. But today there is so much confusion among the masses regarding the shastra. One should be careful in selecting a guru or disciple.
ekaguru or aneka guru in kaula?
Lord Krishna's guru was Sāndīpani. It is said multiple times in the Bhagavatam. In Skandha 10 chapter 45, the activities Balarama and Krishna did were explained.
After getting the eligible age for education, both Balarama and Krishna were done upanayanam and took the vow of celibacy (Brahmacharya) which is necessary for a student.
After attaining twice-born ...
First thing is that, Guru is not equal to God, Guru Is the God. The question of equality comes when there are two different things, but Guru and God are non-different. So the Bhagavatam says:
acaryam mam vijaniyan navanmanyeta karhicit
na martya-buddhyasuyeta sarva-deva-mayo guruh [SB - 11.17.27]
One should know the acarya as Myself and ...
Mother, Father, Teacher and Guest all should be given same respect. Because they play important role at different stages of our life. Taittiriya Upanishad, Chapter 11 convey the same.
मातृदेवो भव । पितृदेवो भव । आचार्यदेवो भव । अतिथिदेवो भव ॥ ४ ॥
Treat thy mother as a God; as a God treat thou thy father; as a God shalt thou treat thy teacher; thy guests as ...
In the most ideal situation, a Guru himself should be self-realized. Because, the end-result of all forms of initiation (DikshA) is Mukti or liberation and one who himself is not self-realized can not liberate others.
For proofs, we can cite the following verses:
SarvAsAmeva dikshAnAm muktih phalamakhanditam | AvisheshAd bhavatyeshA
NO. Not in the strict scriptural sense of the word Guru.
In both Vedic and Agamic Dharmas, a Guru has to be someone who is alive. I too have one friend who considers Adi Shankara as his Guru.
But unless he takes DikshA from a living Guru he will be considered technically as an non initiate (Adikshita) only. Such mentally accepting someone as one's Guru ...
Yes, He is considered to be an incarnation of Dakshinamurthy form of Lord Shiva.
The following verses are known as the dhyana shlokas, taken from Madhuraja’s ‘Gurunatha Paramarsha’...
“May the glorious Dakshinamurti in the form of Abhinava, who is an incarnation of Shrikantha (Lord Shiva) and has come to Kashmir out of deep compassion, protect us.
यत्र यत्र स्थितो देवः सर्वव्यापी महेश्वरः ।
यो गुरुः सर्वदेवानां यकाराय नमो नमः ॥६॥
Yatra Yatra Sthito Devah Sarva-Vyaapii Mahe[a-Ii]shvarah |
Yo Guruh Sarva-Devaanaam Yakaaraaya Namo Namah ||6||
6.1: (Salutations to Him) Who is Present Everywhere Where ever the Devas Abide,
6.2: Who is the Guru of All Devas, Salutations ...
Yes, one who teaches the spiritual disciples like- Yoga, Pranayama, meditation (which all have emerged from Parashiva) is also called a Guru.
The very 1st verse of Hatha Yoga Pradipika's 2nd chapter on Pranayama says:
अथासने दॄढे मोगी वशी श्चहतश्चभताशन् । गरूऩ श्चदष्टभागण
प्राणामाभान्सभभ्यसत ॥ ् १॥
Athāsane drdhe yogī vaśī hitamitāśanah ...
Yes, Kundalini can be aroused without the help of Guru also.
Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda / Volume 1 / Raja Yoga / Chapter IV / The Psychic Prana:
The rousing of the Kundalini is the one and only way to attaining Divine
Wisdom, superconscious perception, realisation of the spirit. The rousing may
come in various ways, through love for God, ...
I appolozize for my answer is going to be in little tough tone.
And even in religion, special field, there came the most horrible
degradations. What can you expect of a race which for hundreds of
years has been busy in discussing such momentous problems as whether
we should drink a glass of water with the right hand or the left? What
more degradation can ...
Summary: Adi Shankaracharya belonged to the 5th century BC only and this has been corroborated by various authentic records. As discussed here, the person dated to the 8th century is Abhinava Shankara. The main research is contained in a book, the ‘Age of Sankara’ by T.S. Narayana Sastri, of which I’ve given few extracts which were relevant in my opinion.