Can someone help explain who is Mahendra?
It's another name of Indra, this is clear from this alternate translation:
Having addressed thus in a rage, Vali removed the golden garland gifted by Indra, his father, and stood ready for the combat. ~Source
Any references to how he obtained this pendant?
In above shlokas also, it's mentioned that it was given ...
An extract from this book says that Rishi Savya was an incarnation of Indra.
Savya is the rishi in Rig Veda and Sama Veda. His Richas and mantras
are collected in Rig Veda 1:51 - 57 and in Sama Veda 373,376 and 377.
He belongs to Angirasa Gotra.
Acharya Sayana has explained that Savya was an incarnation of God of
Gods Indra. So he is called ...
Sambarasura is not just one asura but there were many who ruled in the land of Gandharvas which is in current NW region of India (Afghan, NWFP etc.)
Here is a link to a speech by Dr. KS Narayanacharya recently. He gives fantastic historical references to many including Sambarasura. Half of it is in English but he had to switch to Kannada due to request by ...
Shiva and Vishnu both are same and they are not devatas, they are much beyond that Parabrahma. Indra is the king of devatas and also it is position one can achieve with more punya . In above context Krishna is saying where he is present more. For example water content present in all fruits including apple,banana, watermelon but watermelon has maximum water ...
Rig Veda IV.26.3 was quoted in the question, and the OP made a statement - suffice it to say that it's about the deeds of Indra even though the "I" may not be Indra.
In the wild joy of Soma I demolished Śambara's forts, ninety-and-nine,
together; And, utterly, the hundredth habitation, when helping
This Hymn is dedicated to Indra. ...