9

According to the [Spitzer Manuscript], Anushāsanaparva is not a part of original Mahabharata. If the above material is correct... Just because a random manuscript doesn't list the Anushasana Parva, doesn't mean it's not there in the original Mahabharata! Moreover, this manuscript is not reliable because of how it was found: The Spitzer Manuscript was found ...


8

The answer can be both 'yes' and 'no'. The jury of scholars is still out, how can I student take it upon myself to answer the query. However, by logically analyzing the evidence presented by both schools, the answer tends towards "Yes. Uttara Kaanda is a later interpolation." Based on the prime evidence in Chapter IV of Baala Kaanda and Chapter CXXVIII (...


6

Are there some foolproof methods of differentiating the originals from the interpolated texts in such cases? If yes, what are those? There are some accepted methods explained further below but they are not perfect. Are those methods mentioned in Hindu scriptures themselves? For how the integrity of the Vedas is preserved, see this answer. I'm not aware ...


5

Are Vedas well-preserved or not? They are extremely well preserved. It is not just orthodox Vedic scholars who agree with this but even Western Indologists agree. Michael Witzel, who is the most profound and influential Western Indologist of current and recent times, Wales Professor of Sanskrit at Harvard University, and the "king" of the modern ...


5

One method had been used by Aacharyas is to prepare and check Anukramani. For protecting the Vedas, and keeping the tradition of mantras well-organized, ancient Rishis has made sorted indices or index according to the topic/subject. In these index Suktas, Padas, Seear of each and every mantra, Chhand (meter) of richa (hymns) and Devatas of Samhitas are ...


4

Not likely to be interpoloated. There doesn't seem to be any strong enough reason for that. "How can a serious philosophical treatise like Bhagavad-gītā contain verses like these that talk about astrology?" It's not talking about Astrology, but liberation (Moksha). It's explained in description in How can we know that an Aatma got Moksha?. Below ...


3

Mahabharata contains 100 parvas which are further grouped into 18 major parvas Adi Parva gives list of 100 parvas which includes Santi as well: Then the coronation of the wise Yudhishthira. The next is called the 'Grihapravibhaga'. Then comes 'Santi', then 'Rajadharmanusasana', then 'Apaddharma', then 'Mokshadharma'. Those that follow are called ...


2

Is Shanti Parva an interpolation? Mahabharata itself says that originally it had 24,000 verses exclusive of the episodes. Only later there was another compilation that extended it to 100,000 verses. Vyasa executed the compilation of the Bharata, exclusive of the episodes originally in twenty-four thousand verses; and so much only is called by the learned as ...


2

It's a new theory proposed by modern scholars of Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa based on textual criticism. As noted by Robert and Sally Goldman in their translation of Uttarakāṇḍa, the same traditional commentators who wrote commentaries on the previous kāṇḍas have also commented on Uttarakāṇḍa. So, it's unlikely they were aware of problems with the Rāmāyaṇa text passed ...


2

Yes, Uttara Kanda of Ramayana is an interpolation. Srimad Ramayana was written much earlier to Mahabharata. In the 272-289 Sections of Vana Parva of Mahabharata, the story of Sri Rama was narrated to Yuddhistara by Sage Markandeya. Though the story contains minor variations compared to the story told in the Srimad Ramayana, those episodes describe the story ...


2

The critical edition of Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa available at bombay.indology.info doesn't list the verse in question. 1004001a    प्राप्तराज्यस्य रामस्य वाल्मीकिर्भगवानृषिः 1004001c    चकार चरितं कृत्स्नं विचित्रपदमात्मवान् 1004001a    prāptarājyasya rāmasya vālmīkir bhagavān r̥ṣiḥ 1004001c    cakāra caritaṁ ...


2

I think not. The critical edition mentions 500 chapters in the text but most probably not the number of shlokas. The table below shows the number of chapters and shlokas we have in the Critical Edition. The Critical Edition has 606 chapters, 106 more than 500 sargas mentioned in the text itself. And there are 18,670 shlokas. If one considers ...


1

You are confusing the padma purana of hinduism literature with the padma purana written by Ravisena in Jainism. There is also a padma purana written by Chandrakriti of Buddhism tradition. The jainism text gives an alternate ramayana, which is similar to the ramayana of the jainism tradition written by Vimalasuri.


1

It does. Imo every Purana contain atleast some interpolations. Check verse 4:20:36-37: "O King! When Mahādeva, being infatuated with Kāma, went into the forest of Bhṛgu and becoming naked, began to copulate, the ascetic Bhṛgu, seeing him in that state, exclaimed “O You are very shameless” and cursed Him thus :-- Let your penis drop off just now. ...


1

Virata war is NOT an interpolation according to the BORI scholars. Beacause Critical Edition Prepared by Scholars at Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute BORI > Devanagari (and other Indian scripts from each sarga page) > ४ विराटपर्वम् > ५६ contains the below verse: वैशम्पायन उवाच|| ततो वैकर्तनं जित्वा पार्थो वैराटिमब्रवीत् | एतन्मां प्रापयानी...


1

Yes, here is what the Manusmriti says: If a twice-born man has abandoned a refugee, or has tampered with the Veda, he atones for that offence by living upon barley for one year.—(198)


1

This question was answered by me long back. I would like to supplement it with further thoughts. A 6th century version of Ramayana was found in Kolkatta. In this version, Ramayana ends with Sri Rama's ascension to throne of Kosala Kingdom. There was no mention of Uttara Kanda in this version. King Dasaratha thought of performing Aswamedha, to beget sons. ...


1

I believe strongly that Valmiki Ramayana ended with Lord Rama as King and Maata Sita as Queen of Ayodhya. The essence of Valmiki Ramayana was the winning of righteousness and Dharma over evil and Adharma. The banishment Sita to the forest,birth of Lava,Kusa never happened in the this Hindu Mythology of Valmiki Ramayana is a complete fiction only to ...


1

If some one else also says that Shanti parva is an interpolation, that is hardly a proof for such speculative and unfounded statement. There are some speculations that entire Bhagavad-gita is an interpolation. To draw such conclusion one of the following three must be true - There is difference in shaili (or style of writing) It contradicts the concepts ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible