Partial answer to:
Q. Why does ISKCON emphasize bhakti yoga?
It's because ISKCON subscribes to Gaudiya Vaishnava Sampradaya established by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
Pure devotion to Lord Krishna is the most purposeful practice of the jivas according to Śikṣāṣṭakam, the only composition written by Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu himself.
Quoting a verse from ...
Here's what I will say about this with all due respect. I had been a member of ISKCON for several years during my undergraduate degree (no longer one). My observations are as follows:-
1) ISKCON is a highly anglicized (almost Christianized) version of Vaishnav movements of the olden times (and by that I mean movements of Sri Ramanuja, Sant Tukaram and other ...
ISKCON belongs to Gaudiya Vaishnava tradition and is one of its branches.
Gaudiya Vaishnava Theology is primarily based on Bhagavata Purana, Bhagavad Gita, Gopala Tapani Upanishad, Vishnu Purana which all emphasize bhakti.
For eg: Bhagavata Purana says this: Before Vyasa compiled Bhagavatam, he sat in meditation and observed that bhakti puts ends to all ...
Because only Lord Krishna has displayed vishvaroopam (universal form) so far. No other god or goddess has done that so far. This is also confirmed in the Vedas specifically Atharva Veda.
In the Atharva-veda it is said,
yo brahmāṇaṁ vidadhāti: pūrvaṁ yo vai vedāṁś ca gāpayati sma kṛṣṇaḥ.
यो ब्रह्माणं विदधाति: पूर्वं यो व्ऐ वेदांश् च गापयति स्म कृष्णः.
According to Rupa Goswami, one of the direct disciples of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Shri Krishna exhibits a total of sixty four qualities, of which fifty of them ordinary Jivas can possess. The following are the fifty qualities by pure devotion:
Beautiful bodily features which automatically attract the eyes, called rucira
The FAQ available on ISKCON's official website clearly states:
Is ISKCON Hindu?
ISKCON belongs to the Gaudiya Vaishnava sampradaya (denomination or tradition), a monotheistic tradition within Vedic or Hindu culture.
Further, they claim that -
The word “Hindu” is not found in the ancient texts of India. The word originated as a designation for the ...
Hare Krishnas are Hindus.
His philosophical teaching of achintya bhedabheda which are based upon Hindu scriptures.
When their philosophy has roots from Hindu scriptures then Yes, ISKCON versions of Hindu scriptures qualify as Hindu scripture.
In Distinguishing Srila Prabhupada's Original Books from Changed Ones, there is a reference which says ...
What type of caste-system (varṇāśrama) does ISKCON advocate? Birth-based or guṇa-based?
It seems ISKCON advocates guna based caste-system as mentioned in this commentary:
Herein it is clearly stated by Nārada Muni that one should not be accepted as a brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya or śūdra according to birth, for although this is going on now, it is not ...
Many a times I have heard that question. And I think many people misunderstand the official stance of Iskcon on that question. Srila Prabhupada has often used to say to his disciples that in public they should never present their organisation and themselves as a Hindu. And because of that many people misunderstood that thing to mean that Srila Prabhupada ...
Usually ancient Sanskrit works do not have chapter names. There are only chapter numbers and the names of the chapters represent that. As can be seen here which shows the actual Sanskrit (some verses are pasted below).
Hence it can only be an interpretation of the work. Since there is similarity with the creation described by the Purushasukta, I think the ...
First of all I think this question is more suitable for meta rather than main site. But since you have asked, so here is my answer. First we should know What is ISKCON?
The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), otherwise known as the Hare Krishna movement, includes five hundred major centers, temples and rural communities, nearly one ...
ISKCON is a Gaudiya Vaishnava Hindu religious organisation. They are in fact Hindus. But they consider Sri Krishna as the supreme lord (Swayam Bhagawan) and claim to follow the Mahabharata and Bhagawath Gita. They describe Sri Krishna as the source of all the avatars of God. It was established to propagate spiritual knowledge, consciousness of Krishna, The ...
For translations other than ISKCON, you may try this translation of the Bhagavata Purana and this translation of the Bhagavad Gita.
For the Chaitanya Charitamrita, you cannot get any online resources. However, you can get a non-ISKCONic translation as a hardcopy here.
The letters and personal conversations are more very contextual and you may just see contrary statements depending on the person and context elsewhere. Books are more authoritative than the personal conversations and letters. Though in some places even in books, he wrote some things as per some modern surveys he heard if that helps it. And that survey result ...
Krishna appears in three forms known as svayam rupa, tadekatma rupa and avesa forms.
svayaṁ rūpas tad-ekātma-rūpa āveśa-nāmakaḥ | ity asau trividhaṁ bhāti
Kṛṣṇa appears in three forms in his abodes beyond the material world:
svayaṁ-rūpa (essential form), tad-ekātma-rūpa (forms which are
nondifferent from it) and āveśa-rūpa ...
I think the time when Srila Prabhupada was preaching, there was counter culture and special attraction towards east which also helped in spreading.
Too much tamas or too much opulence generally makes it difficult for people to accept bhakti.
Queen Kunti says:
SB 1.8.26: Those increasingly under the influence of ambitions for a
good birth, opulences, ...
As ISKCON's Governing Body Commission (GBC) clarified recently while appointing female dīkṣā gurus, they rely on the teachings of Swami Prabhupada and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and not that of Ramanujacharya:
The primary bases for this decision are the expressed desires and instructions on guru qualifications of ISKCON's Founder-acarya His Divine Grace Srila ...
I don't know for Kaliyuga, but we can look at when the Manusmṛti applied, because it is likely to be somewhat close to the truth of the matter from then to now.
First of all, everyone (possibly means every Āryan or every human to make some later verses make sense) back then was equal to a Śūdra if they are not "born in the Veda."
Well, that is seen from the translation of the verse itself:
Śrī brahma-saṁhitā 5.57
athovāca mahā-viṣṇur bhagavantaṁ prajāpatim brahman mahattva-vijñāne
prajā-sarge ca cen matiḥ pañca-ślokīm imāṁ vidyāṁ vatsa dattāṁ nibodha
atha — then; uvāca — said; mahā-viṣṇuḥ — the Supreme Lord; bhagavantam
— unto the ...
Question: Which Yoga does the Vedas most emphasize?
Vedas talks about Karma Yoga and Gyan Yoga. Bhakti was not part of the Vedic religion. It got assimilated in a later period. For details see the following link in Hinduism stack exchange -
Historical origin of Bhakti
This is one thing I felt Sri Prabhupada was wrong in thinking. Unfortunately neither Christianity nor Islam is compatible/ or very similar in essence with Vaishnavism.
In Vaishnavism you are not supposed to eat any flesh, but in Islam and Christianity there is no problem (even with cow)
"We have subjected the [animals] unto you, so that you may give ...
The Purusha sukta of Rig Veda is reiterated in Bhagavatam as well.
Even 5th chapter of this 2nd canto has some correlation with Purusha Sukta.
Some correlations are as follows:
sahasra-ś- īrṣā puruṣaḥ sahasrākṣaḥ sahasrapāt | sabhūmiṃ viśvato
vṛtvā atyatiṣṭhad-daśāṅgulam- ||1||
The Perfect Being ...