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76

This is a very good question because most of us often wonder about it many times. So I am explaining it with an example. It will be a bit lengthy, so please read it with patience. Also make sure to read this answer to get an idea about the three types of karma. Are our destinies predetermined? Yes, they are. Destiny means a set of events and experiences ...


27

Yes, it does. To know why we have to reborn even though we underwent & experienced some karmic outcome in the same life we need to understand the three types of Karma, viz. sanchita or arjita(accumulated/stored/preserved), prārabdha(preordained/ripe) and kriyamāna or āgama (accumulating/ongoing/current): prārabdhāgāmyarjitāni karmatrayamitīritam [...


16

A complex topic, but I will try to give the basics and make some points. First, let's understand what creates karma from the Vaishnava perspective. In the Bhagavad Gita (Chapter 4.16-23), Krishna explains that are three different types of work: akarma, which is work done in pure consciousness, which produces no karma karma, prescribed work, which accrues ...


15

Because no one has actually seen what happens after death, there are multiple beliefs regarding this. But the yogis through their eyes of knowledge know the movement of the beings before and after their death: utkrāmantaḿ sthitaḿ vāpi bhuñjānaḿ vā guṇānvitam vimūḍhā nānupaśyanti paśyanti jñāna-cakṣuṣaḥ [BG - 15.10] Meaning Not the people ...


15

The answer to this question is linked to the concept of residual karma. This residual karma idea and what happens to evil-doers is explained in Brahma Sutra. But of others (i.e. those who have not performed sacrifices etc.) the ascent is to the abode of Yama, and after having experienced (the results of their evil works) the descent (to the earth again ...


13

Due to two reasons. First one is, Arjuna asked Shri Krishna as a disciple surrendering to Him, but others like the Kauravas or other Pandavs didn't ask Him like a disciple: kārpaṇya-doṣopahata-svabhāvaḥ pṛcchāmi tvāṁ dharma-sammūḍha-cetāḥ yac chreyaḥ syān niścitaṁ brūhi tan me śiṣyas te ’haṁ śādhi māṁ tvāṁ prapannam [BG -2.7] Meaning Now I am ...


13

Yes, it is predetermined. Right when a person is a foetus in the womb, his span of life is already determined based on his past karma. Here's what chapter 32 of the Uttara Kanda of the Garuda Purana says: O Tarksya, thus, man is born in the mortal world as a result of his own actions. The five characteristics, viz. the span of life, action, wealth, ...


13

Mutual consent does not make the actions allowable or moral. Thieves may mutually agree on robbing someone and not each other, but it does not make their actions either moral or allowable. Such actions as you describe are condemned by all the scriptures. Swami Nikhilananda in his writings on Hindu ethics says: Besides the objective duties based on the ...


13

Lending at interest is not a sin at all. Its perfectly legitimate. But usury (lending money at unreasonably high rates) is a minor sin(an Upapataka). Manu Smriti 10.115. There are seven lawful modes of acquiring property, (viz.) inheritance, finding or friendly donation, purchase, conquest, lending at interest, the performance of work, and the ...


12

Yes, chanting holy names generates good karma. This can be seen from the fact that people in past and even today use to name their children with some God names (e.g., Krishna, Shankar, Shiv, Vishnu, Mahesh, etc), such that when they call them by their names, they remember God as well. People in some parts of India while meeting other people often say 'Ram-...


12

Swami Vivekananda meant that a strong body can help you have the frame of mind needed to understand things like the Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita, and thus ultimately attain Jnana. Here's the quote in its original context: First of all, our young men must be strong. Religion will come afterwards. Be strong, my young friends; that is my advice to you. You ...


12

Yes God knows as he is antaryami or one who resides inside us. The Vedas say that the Brahman or God has entered our body and has established himself in the mind. Shariram brahma prAvishat. ........... Brahman (or God) has entered our body. AV 11.8.30 ................. Eko ha devo manasi pravishtah. ............. The ...


12

Morality comes from scripture. For starters, here is what Adi Shankaracharya says in this section of his Brahma Sutra Bhashya, which is actually about the subject of animal sacrifice: [The reasoning criticizing animal sacrifice] is not valid, because our knowledge of what is duty and the contrary of duty depends entirely on scripture. The knowledge of ...


11

Karma is what you had done and what you are doing in your life time. So Karma will be there from the very next moment of your birth. There is nothing to do with Hindu, Muslim or Christian. The Karmaphalam, Fruit(Reward) for your Karma will be awarded to you in your life time, may be in your next life too. Whether you are or were a Hindu or Muslim or ...


11

The Brahmins can indeed raise war in times of emergencies or when their life is endangered or when the situation demands so. The Shastras clearly allow it. Manu Smriti ,Chapter 8,Sloka 348,says: 8.348. Twice-born men may take up arms when (they are) hindered (in the fulfilment of their duties, when destruction (threatens) the twice-born castes (varna) ...


11

Souls are never actually created; here is what Krishna tells Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita: Never was there a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor all these kings; nor in the future shall any of us cease to be.... For the soul there is neither birth nor death at any time. He has not come into being, does not come into being, and will not come into being. ...


11

No, not immediately. As per the scriptures, depending upon his good/virtuous and bad/sinful actions, the jivatama will be taken to Yama and after judgement he will first experience the results of his actions accordingly either in heaven or hell [Agni Pu. - 203.5]. Only after he has experienced those that he will obtain another body on earth. So to answer ...


11

Swamiji has quoted great verses in support that waking state karma does not get meted out in dreams state. But as moonstar2001 has commented, there are differing views on this. Since you mentioned Sri Swami Sivananda's quotes, let us see what the great saint Sri Swami Sivananda Himself has said about this: Does dream actions result in karma getting ...


11

Yes, this is a possibility according to the Vedanta schools of Sri Madhva and Sri Vallabha. This view is based on the following shloka: O son of Kunti! Falling into demoniac wombs, in life after life, they go to still lower states of degradation, without attaining Me. Gita 16.20 On the basis of such texts, some schools of Vedanta like those of Sri ...


11

No, A person can't get punishment of same sin twice. After getting punishment of his sin, person becomes sinless. If a King punish a culprit for his sin Or he shows mercy on culprit, in either case that person will be free from his sin. But if King don't gives suitable punishment to that culprit then King himself has to suffer from that punishment (which was ...


11

There are three types of debts as of Pitris, Devas and Rishis. One can be freed from debt of Pitris by providing a son, from debt of Devas by doing sacrifices and from debt of Rishis by pupil-ship. It is stated in Satapatha Brahma 1.7.2. Verily, whoever exists, he, in being born, is born as (owing) a debt to the gods, to the Rishis, to the fathers, ...


11

Vishnu Smriti and Satatapa Smriti are two such scriptures that extensively deal with this topic. These texts link various sins committed in previous lives with the diseases/bodily deformities that one is supposed to get in the current life. Quoting from Vishnu Smriti XLV: Now after having undergone the torments inflicted in the hells, and having ...


10

Every living thing is having "Athma" or "soul". In Hinduism, body is illusion and the "Athma" is true and the reality. After death, Athma will take rebirth until it is merged with the supreme one called "Paramathma" . This is called "Moksha". The time taken for the Moksha will depend upon one's "Karma" and "Dharma".


10

The verse occurs in this chapter of the Srimad Bhagavatam. Here is what the sons of Rishabha tell Nimi (the solar dynasty king whom I discuss here): I consider that one whose intelligence is constantly disturbed by his falsely identifying himself with the temporary material world can achieve real freedom from fear only by worshiping the lotus feet of the ...


10

Almost all cultures & civilizations have warned against harsh speeches. Even the sarcasm or the criticism also mustn't be cruel in nature. Better to withdraw them. During SabhA Parva, when Draupadi was won, following conversation takes place: Duryodhana said,--'Come, Kshatta, bring hither Draupadi the dear and loved wife of the Pandavas. Let her sweep ...


10

This chapter of the Manu Smriti explains the circumstances in which you should and should not give to someone: One should give, according to one's ability, wealth to Brahmanas learned in the Veda and living alone; (thus) one obtains after death heavenly bliss.... Accepting presents from blamed men, trading, serving Sudras, and speaking a falsehood, make (...


10

Such actions can be done in following ways: Unintentional One doesn't intend to harm, but due to some indirect actions, a person ends up damaging something. This doesn't result in anything as there was no purpose behind it. Some people feel sorry and some don't. Both are OK. The Qn is not about this category, so not discussing much. Intentional Many ...


10

Prayer, PujA (worship) etc can remove sins committed in infinite number of our past lives. Here is a proof that prayer in the form Mantra Japa can do it: Lakshyadwayen pApAni saptajanmakritAnyapi | NAsayet TripurA devi sAdhakasya na samsayaha || JaptvA lakshyatrayam mantri yantrito mantra vigraha | PAtakam nAsayedAsu yadi janmasahasragam || ........


9

Is it considered ultimate to be reborn as a human? In Hinduism, it is considered ultimate to be not born at all. Jivas being part of God exist in different kinds of bodies starting from insects and humans on earth to gods and demons in heaven and hell. But any kind of such material existence being under the influence of repeated death and birth, has always ...


9

results are predestined, not the ways to reach to the result. There are 100s of byroads to reach any destination, now its upon your choice, which road you choose, which ultimately decides your karma, and hence your sufferings and enjoyments on roads thereafter, but ultimately your fate will remain same, just the roads will be different according to your ...


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