38

The story of the Kauravas' birth is told in the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata. First of all, the reason that Gandhari had a hundred sons was as a result of boon she had gotten from the sage Vyasa as a reward for the hospitality she had once shown him. Later she became pregnant, but the pregnancy lasted two years, and she got jealous that Pandu's wife Kunti ...


17

In this chapter of the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata, Vaishampayana tells Arjuna's great-grandson Janamejaya all 101 sons of Dhritarashtra: Their names, O king, according to the order of birth, are Duryodhana, Yuyutsu, Duhsasana, Duhsaha, Duhsala, Jalasandha, Sama, Saha, Vinda and Anuvinda, Durdharsha, Suvahu, Dushpradharshana, Durmarshana and Durmukha, ...


13

I can think of three people who switched sides right before the war: Yuyutsu: He was the son of Dhritarashtra and a Vaishya woman. As I discuss in this answer about the birth of the Kauravas, Gandhari was pregnant with the hundred Kauravas for two years. Dhritarashtra was worried that Gandhari would never give birth, so as a precaution he decided to have ...


13

Due to two reasons. First one is, Arjuna asked Shri Krishna as a disciple surrendering to Him, but others like the Kauravas or other Pandavs didn't ask Him like a disciple: kārpaṇya-doṣopahata-svabhāvaḥ pṛcchāmi tvāṁ dharma-sammūḍha-cetāḥ yac chreyaḥ syān niścitaṁ brūhi tan me śiṣyas te ’haṁ śādhi māṁ tvāṁ prapannam [BG -2.7] Meaning Now I am ...


12

Kuru was an ancient lunar dynasty king of Hastinapura and an ancestor of Shantanu. The patronymic (i.e. last name form) of the name Kuru is Kaurava, so in a broad sense you could say that everyone descended from Kuru is a Kaurava, which includes both the sons of Pandu and the sons of Dhritarashtra. But the way Vedic patronymics worked was as follows: if X ...


11

The Kauravas are biological descendants of Vyasa, but the Pandavas are not, as I'll explain below. But first, some background. Shantanu, king of Hastinapura many generations before the Pandavas and Kauravas, married the goddess Ganga and had a son named Bhishma. But then Ganga abandoned Shantanu, and Shantanu later fell in love with a woman Satyavati. ...


10

Names of Kauravas are almost same in Vyasa Mahabharata and Andhra Mahabharata. Chapter 108 of Adiparva of Vyasa Mahabharata gives names as duryodhano yuyutsuś ca rājan duḥśāsanas tathā duḥsaho duḥśalaś caiva jalasaṃdhaḥ samaḥ sahaḥ vindānuvindau durdharṣaḥ subāhur duṣpradharṣaṇaḥ durmarṣaṇo durmukhaś ca duṣkarṇaḥ karṇa eva ca viviṃśatir vikarṇaś ca ...


8

Duryodhana states at one point : Janaami Dharmam Na cha me pravrittihi Janaami Paapam Na cha me nivrittihi ( I know what is Dharma, but I am unable to practise it. I know what is Sin, but I am unable to restrain myself from it). http://www.swaminarayan.org/essays/2011/0804.htm (Edit: The source is Pandava Gita. Thanks sv for the reference. ) Another ...


7

It is mentioned in Bhagavat Geeta itself that, 'Bhagavat Geeta' was first revealed/told to the Sun god by The Lord Sri Krishna himself and The Sun god told it to the Manu and then Manu told it to Iksvaku, but the line/chain was discontinued, and again Sri Krishna told it to Arjuna when it was the right time to reveal the Bhagavat Geeta. Sanjaya, who got ...


7

From Wikipedia, Duryodhana Yuyutsu(half-brother, Dhritirashtra and Vysya servant's son) Dushasana Vikarna Vivinsati Durmukha Duhsalan Jalagandha Sama Saha Vindha Anuvindha Chitrasena Durdarsha Durmarsha Dussaha Durmada Dushkarna Durdhara Durmarshana Durvishaha Durvimochana Dushpradharsha Durjaya Dushparajaya Jaitra Bhurivala Ravi Jayatsena Sujata Srutavan ...


7

Shalya was the king of Madra and brother of Pandu's wife Madri, so naturally he wanted to fight on the Pandava side. But when Shalya and his army came, they were greeted by Duryodhana's men, who provided them with food, lodging, and entertainment. Shalya assumed that Yudhisthira was responsible for all this, so he wanted to reward him for the hospitality. ...


7

There were 100 sons of Dhritarashtra. After 100 sons, Gandhari took out Duhshala, a baby girl, from the 101st jar. You can read it here: http://samharshbangalore.blogspot.in/2012/10/101-children-of-dhritarashtra.html Yuyutsu was son of Dhritarashtra but not from Gandhari. He was from Sughada, a woman from Vaishya Varna. He was born on the same day as ...


6

Did Kauravas admit their adharma? In Sabha Parva of Mahabharata, after the Pandavas had lost the dice-game the first time and were sent off, Gandhari gives the following advice to Dhritarashtra. She's saying that Duryodhana by nature is evil, therefore most of his actions tend to be adharmic. When Duryodhana was born, Vidura of great intelligence had ...


6

Historically Kauravas and Paandavas both belong to the "Kuru" dynasty. For example, Duryodhana + brothers are "Kauravas". While Yudhishtira + brothers are "Kauravas" as well as "Paandavas". In Chapter 10, Krishna himself says that: Verse-19 "O Best among the Kurus (Arjuna), I shall relate to you about my divine manifestations which are prominently ...


6

In this chapter of the Udyoga Parva of the Mahabharata, Yudhishthira sends an offer of peace to Duryodhana, and in the course of doing so he names the five villages: We are desirous of peace; give us even a single province of the empire. Give us even Kusasthala, Vrikasthala, Makandi, Varanavata, and for the fifth any other that thou likest. Even this will ...


6

Acharya Drona selecting as a preceptor of Kauravas and Pandavas is mentioned in Mahabharata, Adi Parva, SECTION CXXXIII. The incident is as follows: Once all princes of Hastinapur are playing with ball and eventually the ball felt in a well. They tried to recover it from well but didn't succeed. There came a Brahmana and recovered that ball by using grass as ...


6

Let me go through these names one by one: Bhagadatta He was the son of Narakasura and king of Pragjyotisha, as described in many places including this chapter of the Sabha Parva of the Mahabharata: And Dhritarashtra and Bhishma and Vidura of high intelligence; and all Kaurava brothers with Duryyodhana at their head; and Suvala the king of Gandhara and ...


5

The following is translated from the Bhagavad Gita lectures of Shri Bannanje Govindacharya (who is a highly respected scholar belonging to the Madhwacharya lineage) in Kannada. The first chapter has been wrongly named by modern commentators as Arjuna-vishaada yoga -- there is nothing yogic about "vishaada" and the chapter starts with a brilliant exposition ...


5

I modified the Kuru family tree from here slightly to show how Dhritarashtra, Pandu, Vidura and the Kauravas are biological descendants of Sage Vyasa and also how the Pandavas are not his descendants. The above tree however doesn't mention Yuyutsu who the following tree from here shows. But neither of them show Dushala, only daughter of Dhritrashtra and ...


5

The answer is dependent on the Definition of Akshauhini, which is a unit invented for ease of calculation/command in battles in old days. Participants in the war An Akshauhini is defined as a battle formation consisting of 21,870 chariots (Sanskrit ratha); 21,870 elephants; 65,610 cavalry and 109,350 infantry as per the Mahabharata (Adi Parva 2.15-23). The ...


4

Vikarna was one of the 101 Kauravs, the son of Dhritarastra. His order of birth was as: The Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva: Sambhava Parva: Section CXVII "Janamejaya said, 'Please recite the names of Dhritarashtra's sons according to the order of their birth.' "Vaisampayana said, 'Their names, O king, according to the order of birth, are Duryodhana,...


4

This incident is mentioned in Udyoga Parva of Mahabharata. First some clarification to your question. You said: If I remember correct Duryodhan arrives first but since the Lord was asleep he sits near his feet. Arjun however arrives after but stands next to the lord. Yes, Duryodhana arrived first and sat near the head of Lord Krishna and Arjuna arrived ...


4

Yes, the other lesser-known Kauravas were also married and had children but Vyasa and the other Mahabharata characters don't seem to address their wives and children by their first names. In Abhimanyu-vadha upa-parva of Drona Parva, Duhsasana's son strikes Abhimanyu with his mace: Next, he [Abhimanyu] slew ten car-warriors of the Brahma-Vasatiya race, ...


4

Yes, Duryodhana and the Kauravas did go to Devaloka when they died.. This is because they died on the battlefield, which is the greatest death for a Kshatriya can have. Here is what Narada tells Yudhisthira in this chapter of the Swargarohanika Parva of the Mahabharata: Here is king Duryodhana. He is worshipped with the gods by those righteous men and ...


4

Let me go through the incidents one by one: When I heard that Arjuna, having bent the bow, had pierced the curious mark and brought it down to the ground, and bore away in triumph the maiden Krishna, in the sight of the assembled princes, then, O Sanjaya I had no hope of success. Chapter 190 of the Adi Parva When I heard that Subhadra of the race of ...


3

Lord Krishna talks about surviving warrior of Mahabharat war in this chapter of Mahabharat: The Mahabharata, Book 14: Aswamedha Parva: Anugita Parva: Section LX Then, in thegreat battle that ensued, the royal son of Dhritarashtra was slain by Bhimasena who put forth his great prowess, in the presence of many kings. After this the remnant of the ...


3

From Wikipedia, Duryodhana was married to Bhanumati, daughter of Bhagadatta, king of the city Pragjyotisha. He fathered two children of royal queen, son Laxman Kumara and daughter Lakshmana and many children from concubines as well. As per Urubhanga he had a son called Durjay of who information is not yet known. Laxman was killed by Abhimanyu in ...


3

why Lord Balarama did not fight on behalf of any side? The answer is given by Shree Ved Vyasa In Shreemad Bhagavatam . He decided to stay neutral in the war to avoid an awkward situation . श्रुत्वायुद्धोदयमं राम: कुरूणां सह पाण्डवै : | तीर्थाभिषेकव्याजेन मध्यस्थ: प्रययौ किल || SB 10.78.17|| śrutvā yuddhodyamaḿ rāmaḥ kurūṇāḿ saha pāṇḍavaiḥ ...


3

Biggest misconception is that Mahabharata was fought for establishing Dharma. Mahabharat was a war of Adharma vs Adharma. Even Lord Krishna accepted this thing. If I had not adopted such deceitful ways in battle, victory would never have been yours, nor kingdom, nor wealth! Lord Krishna talks about wealth and kingdom. Where is Dharma? Mahabharat was not ...


2

Yudhisthira wrote: I prayed for only five villages, viz, Avishthala, Vrikasthala, Makandi, Varanavata, with any other as the fifth;--Grant us, we said, five villages or towns where we five may dwell in union" (5,72) (5,82). Indraprastha - Delhi Panprastha -Panipat Sonprastha - Sonipat Tilprastha - Tilpat Vyagprastha - Baghpat


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