You asked “What is Karma”?
The very definition of karma is action or work. The karma word used in Gita for karma yoga means - work or action. It doesn’t mean karma as in “residual karma or sanchit or parbadh karma” (when talking in regards to karma yoga)
From Karma Yoga by Swami Vivekananda -
The word Karma is derived from the Sanskrit Kri, to do; all ...
Mistaking Karma Yoga as karma
You should remember that Gita is talking to Sannyasis and not to worldly folk when Gita asks us to perform actions without desiring for the fruit. Gita is talking about Karma Yoga and not merely about karma. A worldly person would find it very difficult to do karma without desiring for the fruit.
Definition of Karma Yoga
Bhagwad Gita, Chapter 3 talks a lot about Karma. While the whole chapter is essential to understand Karma Yoga, I am reproducing few shlokas here, relevant to the question.
Is Karma optional? No, it's inherent property
Karma is not avoidable. We continue to do karma without stopping even for a second. One can't run away from it. This is because all entities ...
Hindu shastra talks primarily of four Yogas.
Four Paths to Moksha
Some perceive me through meditation, others through the path of
spiritual knowledge; others through the path of devotion and still
others through the path of action.
Kurma Purana II.4.24
The path through meditation is Raja Yoga and described in Patanjali's Yoga Sutra.
The path of spiritual ...
A jivanmukti is free from karmic consequence, good or bad, and from suffering. That’s because karma is generated in the consciousness (some would call this awareness) not in the pure chit of the Self. If you wanted, you could say he/she does not engage in karmic activity, but ultimately the two are equivalent - he has stopped generating karma and is free.
your perception is wrong here
krishna never asked arjuna to leave his kshatriya dharma instead he was convincing him to follow his dharma otherwise it will lead you to defame and cowardice
NOW ANSWER TO YOUR QUESTION
here surrender means is to give control of your indriyas(senses) to krishna and let him be your guide, but not dhrma your duties towards nation
look most of the people get it wrong the real meaning here is arjuna asks krinshna about doing a war is sin and i don't want to do this anymore and I'd rather live my life as a sadhu or bhikshuk but when krishna tells him in later adhyaas that how paap punya and moksha works i.e when your punya gets hiegher frim a perticular level you promoted to the next ...
Ans 1: Yes Female and Male nature cannot be changed as its attaced to jiva swaroopa according to Sriman Madvacharya. Not to Linga , Aniruddha or Sukshma sharira. So According Sriman Madvacharya Females are eligible for moksha, if they perform respective sadhana. Females need not be born male to attain moksha.
Ans 2. Yes you are right female soul can never be ...
Yes, Subhadra is also an avatar.
Subhadra is an amsa avatar of Satarupa, the wife of Svayambhuva Manu.
We can find it in Brahmavaivarta Purana
From the amsa of Kamala, Draupadi emerged out of the fire altar; from
the womb of Devaki, Subhadra was born from the amsa of Satarupa.
[184, Chapter 6: Emergence of Sri Krisna and Radha from the mass of lustre, Sri ...
This is unnecessary complicating of a poetic language used in the gita. If someone says your face is like moon, it doesn't mean you have 16 scars on your face. Most probably IMHO, Krishna was speaking poetically saying I'm all the light that there is. In the light of Sun and in the light of Moon
If at all you want to philosophise this, then it can mean that ...