This is a hard question to answer factually. However thankfully there are some passages from The Puranas and The Mahabharata that can be used to answer this.
First let me answer this based on the passages from the Puranas and The Mahabharata. Then I will add my personal opinion.
In Puranas that glorify Vishnu, the implied answer to this question is simple -...
The questions are:
Why Dronacharya demanded to make king Drupada prisoner in his gurudakshina? any specific reason?
Gurudakshina was for Duryodhana(Kaurava and Pandavas), then why did he take Karna and army to take King Drupada?
Drupada, the son of Prishata, used every day to come to the hermitage of Bharadwaja to play with Drona and study in his ...
अश्वत्थामन्, Aśvatthāman means the horse-voiced.
At the time of his birth, he neighed like the (celestial) steed Ucchaihsravas.
Drona, obedient to the injunctions of his father and moved by the
desire of offspring married Kripi, the daughter of Saradwat. And this
woman, ever engaged in virtuous acts and the Agnihotra, and the
austerest of penances, ...
It's not true that "throughout all stages of his life, nobody inquired/acknowledged that he cannot be a normal person".
Duryodhana acknowledged this when Karna first time entered in the arena to challenge Arjuna during childhood. This is explained in Mahabharata: Adi Parva: Sambhava Parva: Chapter 139.
Krishna, Kunti, Bhishma, Narada and Krishna-...
VIDUR’S WIFE: SULABHA
In Mahabharata, Vidura is shown as an ideal devotee, a high class hermit, straight forward and a good statesman. Duryodhana was the only person sullen of Vidur’s straight forwardness. But Vidur had lot of affection for Dhritarashtra. So despite continuous humiliation by Duryodhana, he stayed at Hastinapur. Both Pandavas and Kauravas ...
King Drupada says 3 issues:
'One of low birth can never be the friend of one whose lineage is pure,
Nor can one who is not a car-warrior have a car-warrior for his friend.
one who is not a king cannot have a king as his friend.
Drupada was not talking about the low birth here. He was talking about 3 issue, ie., his status of being a King and Drona ...
Vidhura's mother was a Sudra woman.
And Krishna-Dwaipayana, when he met his mother as before, informed her
as to how he had been deceived by the seniormost of the princesses and
how he had begotten a son upon a Sudra woman.
Bhisma married off the daughter of King Devaka to Vidura.
Meanwhile the son of the ocean-going Ganga heard that king Devaka ...
Yes there are references to it in The Mahabharata. But there is no clear reason as to "why The Linga form".
One reference occurs in The Drona Parva, and specifically in the last chapters of that parva, after the Maha-Narayanastra was invoked by Aswattama (that section is also called as Narayanastra-Moksha parva).
After being spared by The Maha ...
For Mahābhārata, you can read Yuganta: The End of an Epoch by Irawati Karve. From the foreword to the book:
Irawati Karve studies the humanity of the Mahabharata's great figures and no one of them emerges for her as wholly good or wholly bad, few as even prevailingly good or prevailingly bad. Duryodhana, the arch villain of the work, had been humiliated ...
Shreemad Bhagwad Geeta known as Yatharth Geeta is very beautifully compiled and interpreted by Paramhans Swami Adgadanand. It is expressed in the best possible allegoric way. Symbolizing each and every character of Mahabharata.
Pdf book and Audio book is available for free by Shri Paramhans Ashram Trust.
He states the following about Ashwatthama:
One reason is mentioned in answer by srimannarayana k v that Indra took exception form Brahma to save Takṣaka.
One more reason is mentioned in Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa) 12.6.23-24 which says that Takṣaka had drunk the Amrita so due that reason he couldn't be killed.
In the copy of The Mahabharata full text I have, I do not see anywhere Duryodhana finding out that Karna was a Pandava (or Kunti's son).
That said, Smt. Kamala Subramaniam, in her translation of The Mahabharata (an abridged version, though substantially larger than other abridged & scaled down versions such as Rajaji's), states the following at the end ...