37

Vyuha generally means an arrangement. So chakra vyuha means the arrangement of soldiers in the form of a wheel. This was an old warfare technique like garuda vyuha, makara vyuh, mandala vyuh etc. Chakra vyuh being hard to penetrate Drona chose it on the thirteenth day of war when Abhimanyu got killed. Abhimanyu failed to break it because he had not learnt ...


37

The story of the Kauravas' birth is told in the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata. First of all, the reason that Gandhari had a hundred sons was as a result of boon she had gotten from the sage Vyasa as a reward for the hospitality she had once shown him. Later she became pregnant, but the pregnancy lasted two years, and she got jealous that Pandu's wife Kunti ...


29

After Mahabharat they return to their respective kingdoms, rule for few decades (around 35 years) and then leave this world for ever having served their purpose of life. The Mausala Parva and the Mahaprasthanika Parva of Mahabharat has the detailed description about it. The major events in breif are: After Mahabharat war is over, Gandahari struck with grief ...


25

The Gita is one of the 3 pillars of modern Vedanta (the other two being the Upanishads and the Brahma-Sutras). There are many translations in many different languages. Read in the language that you are comfortable with. Chanting in Sanskrit is ok, but if you do not study it in a language that you understand, it is the same as a parrot mimicking human speech. ...


24

This chapter of the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata describes exactly who incarnated as each of the major characters in the Mahabharata. It's too long a chapter to quote the whole thing here, so let me just address some important people. I discuss the previous births of Draupadi and the Pandavas here. As you said, Bhishma was an incarnation of one of the ...


22

I feel the your doubt is about representation If you look at the history of representation, it starts with the story of people representing numbers with straight lines, and crossing them after sometime. Roman Numerals for example did not originally have 0. Multiplication and division might have possibly be done in form of addition and subtraction and if you ...


21

The Sudarshana Chakra was created by the divine architect Vishwakarma. As I discuss in this answer, Vishwakarma's daughter Sanjana married Surya the sun god. But she couldn't withstand his brilliance, so she ran away to the Earth. Eventually Surya found her, and he told Vishwakarma to reduce his brilliance so that Sanjana would be able to be around him. ...


20

Lord Shiva being Supreme Lord of Vishnu and Lord Vishnu being Supreme Lord of Shiva is stated in Harivamsa Parva of Mahabharata in 2.125.41 रुद्रस्य परमो विष्णुर्विष्णोश्च परम: शिवः । एक एव द्विधा भूतो लोके चरति नित्यसः ॥ rudrasya paramo viShNurviShNoshcha paramaH shivaH |eka eva dvidhA bhUto loke charati nityashaH ||2.125.41 The supreme lord of ...


19

[After returning from Swayamvar,] Arjuna childishly addressed his mother first "look mother, what we have brought." Assuming it was simply alms, Kunti un-mindfully and unassumingly asked her son to share whatever it is with his brothers. Thus, in order to obey his mother's order (either on general principle or because of Arjuna's aforementioned vow), all ...


19

Yes, both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata happened in the present Vaivasvata Manvantara.. Let me address each one separately. Keep in mind that we're currently living in the 28th Kali Yuga of the Vaivasvata Manvantara. Ramayana: Here is what the Matysa Purana says, while enumerating various incarnations of Vishnu in the Vaivasvata Manvantara in ...


18

Duryodhana went to Heaven first after his death. Yudhisthira saw him in heaven as the king when he entered there: Arrived at Heaven, king Yudhishthira the just, beheld Duryodhana endued with prosperity and seated on an excellent seat. He blazed with effulgence like the sun and wore all those signs of glory which belong to heroes. And he was in the ...


17

Vishnu's Vishwarupa form, AKA his Sahasrashirsha or Aniruddha form, is described in many different places in Hindu scripture: The earliest reference to Vishnu's Vishwarupa is the Purusha Sukta, a hymn from the Rig Veda: A thousand heads hath Puruṣa, a thousand eyes, a thousand feet. On every side pervading earth he fills a space ten fingers wide. ...


16

Here is the family tree of the Pandavas: As you can see, Arjuna had four wives, each of whom bore him a son: Draupadi had Shrutakirti, Krishna's sister Subhadra had Abhimanyu, the Naga princess Ulupi had Iravan, and Chitrangada princess of Manipura had Babruvahana. And each of Arjuna's four brothers also had a son with Draupadi: Yudishtra had Prativindhya, ...


15

This is a good question because we all wonder it from time to time. How can Shri Krishna leave Vrindavan and His most beloved Radha and never meet Her again! Was this because He was a cheat (chaliya)? No, it's not. The reason is something different. Even in the scripture (Brahmavaivarta Purana), the same question has been asked: kathaṃ jagāma mathurāṃ ...


15

In this chapter of the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata, Vaishampayana tells Arjuna's great-grandson Janamejaya all 101 sons of Dhritarashtra: Their names, O king, according to the order of birth, are Duryodhana, Yuyutsu, Duhsasana, Duhsaha, Duhsala, Jalasandha, Sama, Saha, Vinda and Anuvinda, Durdharsha, Suvahu, Dushpradharshana, Durmarshana and Durmukha, ...


15

Wrong side Karna & all other warriors who were cheated (by Krishna) actually should thank PAndavas for giving majorly a fair fight in general. Because the premises of the MahAbhArata war itself was on deceit. Let's discard the fact that, Duryodhana replaced himself with Shakuni during the dice game and defeated Yudhishitira, because here the latter was ...


15

Yes. From Drona Parva (Section CCI): Vyasa said, 'O highly significant is this matter that thou enquirest of me from surprise. I will tell thee everything; listen attentively. He that is called Narayana is older than the oldest ones. For accomplishing some purpose, that creator of the universe took his birth as the son of Dharma. On the mountain of ...


14

Bhishma recounts the story in the Udyoga Parva of the Mahabharata, but first some background. Bhishma was the son of Shantanu, king of Hastinapura, and the goddess Ganga. But Ganga abandoned Shantanu, and Shantanu later fell in love with a woman named Satyavati. But Satyavati's (adopted) father Matsyagandha, the chief of a fisherman tribe, wouldn't ...


14

First let me recount the story of Ashwatthama's curse, which is told in the Sauptika Parva of the Mahabharata. After the Mahabharata war, Ashwattama, in order to avenge the death of Duryodhana at the hands of the Pandavas, and presumably also to avenge the death of his father Drona, went into to the camp of the Pandavas at night to kill them. But the ...


14

Below I have reproduced the timeline found here. Names of years and months can be found on the source of this information - Yudhishthir - 91 years Bheem - 90 years Arjun - 89 years Nakul & Sahdev - 88 years. INTERESTING FACT: Yudhishthir ruled for 72 years in his 127 years of life! The number in brackets is the time in years from Yudhishthir's birth. ...


14

It's very nice that you want to start reading the Bhagavad Gita, one of the best scriptures that there is. You don't need much time to read it, a chapter a day starting from the first one is also enough and would require at most 15-20 minutes of your time. Now regarding your questions: Do I've to go through the Mahabharata ? No, you don't need to go ...


14

It's because Narayana is the soul of Rudra or one may also call Rudra is the soul of Narayana. Both are true. It is explained by Krishna himself in this chapter of Shanti Parva (in the Nãrãyaniya section): He is the destroyer of Daksha's sacrifice and the tearer of Bhaga's eyes. O son of Pandu, Rudra should be known to have always Narayana for ...


14

This is a recurring theme throughout the scriptures. Krishna says in the Uddhava Gita (Chapter 9): Neither Brahma, nor Shiva, nor Balarama, nor Lakshmi, nor My own form is so dear to Me as you. [addressing Uddhava, who Krishna says is the supreme devotee of the Lord] With a view to purifying Myself by the dust of his feet, I always follow the sage ...


14

Yes, the Pandavas did eat meat. In this chapter of the Vana Parva of the Mahabharata, Yudishthira tells his brothers that they should leave the Dwaita forest because they've been eating all the deer there, so out of compassion for the deer they move to the Kamyaka woods: Once on a time, as Yudhishthira lay down at night in the Dwaita woods, some deer, ...


14

Lord Shiva opened His 3rd eye infinite number of times, if we consider cyclic nature of time, as many events repeat in every Manvantara. However, we know four instances where Mahadeva opened His 3rd eye, as per Puranas. Incident 1: Burning of Kama (Kama Dahana) When Shiva was doing Tapasya on Kaliasa, Parvathi was serving Mahadeva with permission of her ...


13

Name of sons of Draupadi are Prativindhya from Yudhishthira Sutasoma from Bheema Srutakirti from Arjuna Satanika from Nakul Srutakarma from Sahadev Reference : Wikipedia Yudhisthira, Nakula and Sahadeva also had a wife other than Draupadi Yudhisthira had other wife Devika, the daughter of Govasana of the Saivya tribe, who bore ...


13

I can think of three people who switched sides right before the war: Yuyutsu: He was the son of Dhritarashtra and a Vaishya woman. As I discuss in this answer about the birth of the Kauravas, Gandhari was pregnant with the hundred Kauravas for two years. Dhritarashtra was worried that Gandhari would never give birth, so as a precaution he decided to have ...


13

Rama is mentioned many times in the Mahabharata: As I discuss in this answer, once while the Pandavas and Draupadi while living in the forest, Duhsala's husband Jayadratha kidnapped Draupadi, and the Pandavas rescue her. Afterwards, Yudhishthira was despondent that he allowed his wife to be kidnapped, so he asked Markandeya whether there was anyone in ...


13

Story of Barbarika is mentioned in detail in Kaumarika Khanda, Maheswara Khanda of Skanda Mahapurana. Barbarika was son of Ghatotkacha and Kāmakaṭankaṭa. Gatotkacha was son of Hidambi and Pandava Bhima. In city of Pragjyotisapura, there was Rakshasa Muru who was defence officer of Asura Naraka. Sri Krishna killed Narakasura and Mura. Muru's daughter, ...


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