9

The incident of the Virata War has been narrated in the Goharana Parva of the Virata Parva of the Mahabharata. A small background - The Kaurava army invades the Matsya Kingdom from the north and steals their cattle (Chapter 35). Uttara, the son of King Virata, who is encouraged by the chief cowherd to face the army, takes Arjuna, dressed as Brihannala, as ...


8

According to the [Spitzer Manuscript], Anushāsanaparva is not a part of original Mahabharata. If the above material is correct... Just because a random manuscript doesn't list the Anushasana Parva, doesn't mean it's not there in the original Mahabharata! Moreover, this manuscript is not reliable because of how it was found: The Spitzer Manuscript was found ...


8

In the Mahabharata war, the number of tribes are so numerous that it is difficult to count each and every one of them. Further there are many kingdoms that took part on both sides of the war, adding to the complexity. In the Mahabharata Udyoga Parva (5.19), it is stated that: there was no space in the city of Hastinapura even for the principal leaders of ...


8

In Mahabharat era - Mahatma Vidura [महात्मा विदुर] - who was a dasi-putra (son of servant of Hastinapur's king) - was considered as Shudra (means worker class) Varna. And Sri Krishna did visit his home - when he visited as a "messenger of Pandavas" - with the purpose to avoid the war.


8

See we need to understand that Bhagavan doesn't differentiate anyone based on Birth/Class. Lord Krishna(Vishnu/Rama) hugged Kubja(Nishada) and even visited her house.He embraced Guha and accepted love of Sabari. He also married Jambavati(Nishada).He ate banana peels offered by Sudra Vidura's wife and prefers to live in his small house than royal Kingdom of ...


7

According to the Surya Siddhanta of astronomer Aryabhata, Kali Yug started in approx. 3102 B.C. This is start date used by Panchang (traditional Indian almanac) Kali Yug started when Dwapar Yug ended. Dwapar Yug ended when Sri Krishna left Bhuloka. Krishna left ~36 years after the war in Kurukshetra, based on Gandhari's curse on Yadava clan, as described in ...


6

Story of Krishna from childhood to Student days is given Srimad Bhavgavatha dashama skanda CANTO 10. http://srimadbhagavatam.org/canto10/c10-1-contents.html The Adulthood stories are given in Mahabharatha itself. But this spread across all 18 parvas.


5

The scripture that comes closest to recommending monogamy is the Āpastamba Dharmasūtra: Praśna II, Paṭala 5, Khaṇḍa 11 If he has a wife who (is willing and able) to perform (her share of) the religious duties and who bears sons, he shall not take a second. The very next verse, however, recommends taking another wife if the first wife cannot produce sons ...


5

Why is such deceitfulness sanctioned for them? Is it okay for anyone to pretend in such a way or was this specifically allowed for the Pandavas? Manusmṛti sanctions lying accompanied by a simple prāyaścitta (expiation) when there is a risk to one's life. In some cases, a man who, though knowing the truth, deposes otherwise, through piety, does not fall ...


5

This is named in Mahabharata itself. Mahabharata contains 100 parvas, one of them is 'Bhagavat-Gita' Parva. These 100 parvas again arranged in 18 major parvas. Thus, the 'Bhagavat-Gita' is a part of Mahabharata: Bhishma Parva: Bhagavat-Gita Parva. The high-souled Vyasa composed these hundred parvas of which the above is only an abridgement: having ...


5

force someone to marry not just one, but four other people she never wanted to marry I'm not sure which version of Mahābhārata you are referring to, but in Vyāsa's Mahābhārata, Draupadī was purchased (vīryaśulka) by Arjuna showing his prowess in an archery contest. It wasn't the usual svayaṃvara where the bride chooses the groom. Here's how the Purāṇic ...


5

Yes Puranas do exist at those times. There are instances where Pandavas quotes from Puranas to prove that their arguments are dharmic. One such event happens during the discussion regarding Draupadi's marriage. During the discussion, Drupada, Dhrishtadyumna says that woman marrying more than one man is a sin. At that time Yudhishtira provides information ...


5

The Verse is from Sri Harivanśha Puran 3.74.24-25 (Bhavishya Khanda, 74th Adhyay, Shloka 24-25): [Gita Press - Gorakhpur version, with Tikka of Sri Ramnarayan Dutt Shastri] एक एव महाद्वारो गमनागमने सदा। मुद्रया सह गच्छन्तु राज्ञो ये गन्तुमीप्स्वः॥२४॥ न चामुद्रः प्रवेष्टव्यो द्वारपालस्य पश्यतः। यावदागमनं मह्यं तावदेवं भविष्यति॥२५॥ eka eva mahādvāro ...


5

"Question is, why did the ascetics carry body 17 days after death and not burn while in the forest?" They were not dead bodies but the the unburnt portions of the dead bodies because Madri committed Sati with Pandu in forest itself, this is the line form the previous chapter: "Vaisampayana continued, 'Having said this, the daughter of the ...


5

Yes, there is mention of Zodiac signs in Mahabharata. One such reference is present in Mahabharata: Vana Parva: Markandeya-Samasya Parva: A gift also that is made while the Sun is on the solstitial points, one again that is made on the last day of the Sun's path through Libra, Aries, Gemini, Virgo, and Pisces, a gift again during eclipses of the Moon and ...


5

The deceit is explained by Yudhiṣṭhira in Śrimad Vyāsa Mahābhārat 3.35.3-4 (BORI) : महामायः शकुनिः पार्वतीयः सदा सभायां प्रवपन्नक्षपूगान् । अमायिनं मायया प्रत्यदेवी त्ततोऽपश्यं वृजिनं भीमसेन ॥ अक्षान्हि दृष्ट्वा शकुनेर्यथाव त्कामानुलोमानयुजो युजश्च । शक्यं नियन्तुमभविष्यदात्मा मन्युस्तु हन्ति पुरुषस्य धैर्यम् ॥ ~ Bhimasena! Shakuni, the dweller of the ...


5

In his Introduction, pages xvii-xviii, to his translation of the Bhagavad Gita (Bhagavad Gita with the commentary of Sankaracarya), Swami Gambhirananda writes: According to the recension of the Gita commented on by Sankaracharya, the number of verses is 700. But there is evidence to show that some old manuscripts had 745. The Gita published in Srinigar, ...


4

Yes. The property of Brahma tirtha : bestowing Brahman-hood after a holy bath has been mentioned in other scriptures such as Narada Purana. In a conversation between Vasu and Mohini, Vasu tells about that property of Brahma tirtha By taking a holy dip in the Brahma Tirtha a man obtains Brahmana-hood. This is the greatest spot of Brahma. By going there none ...


4

Mahabharata contains 100 parvas which are further grouped into 18 major parvas Adi Parva gives list of 100 parvas which includes Santi as well: Then the coronation of the wise Yudhishthira. The next is called the 'Grihapravibhaga'. Then comes 'Santi', then 'Rajadharmanusasana', then 'Apaddharma', then 'Mokshadharma'. Those that follow are called ...


4

This is what happened : 1. Fall of Draupadi As those mighty ones were proceeding quickly, all rapt in Yoga, Yajnaseni, falling of from Yoga, dropped down on the Earth. Beholding her fallen down, Bhimasena of great strength addressed king Yudhishthira the just, saying, ‘O scorcher of foes, this princess never did any sinful act. Tell us what the cause is for ...


4

Mahabharata contains 100 parvas which are further grouped into 18 major parvas Adi Parva gives list of 100 parvas which includes Anusasana as well: Then comes 'Santi', then 'Rajadharmanusasana', then 'Apaddharma', then 'Mokshadharma'. Those that follow are called respectively 'Suka-prasna-abhigamana', 'Brahma-prasnanusana', the origin of 'Durvasa', the ...


4

As far as I know, Sudarshana Chakra has many legends associated with it. I don't think it is mentioned as such in Ramayana and Mahabharata. However it is mentioned in chapter 34 of KotiRudra Samhita in Shiva Purana that Lord Shiva gave Sudarshan Chakra to Lord Vishnu. This chapter, named as Acquisition of Sudarshana by Vishnu reads as follows- Vyāsa said:— ...


4

The Yadava clan (Bhoja, the Andhaka, and the Vrishni races) fought among themselves and died. Sri Krishna was witness to this incident. Later, when Arjuna tried to bring the women of Vasudeva, robbers attacked him and he, being a great warrior, could not protect all the women. Vyasa consoling him says as follows: ‘The mighty car-warriors of the Vrishni and ...


4

As per Mahabharata: Karna Parva, Yudhishthira wanted to retire into forest leaving Mahabharata war after Arjuna insulted him: Hearing, however, those harsh words of his brother Phalguna, Pandu's son, king Yudhishthira, the just, rising up from that bed (on which he had been sitting), said these words unto Partha, with his heart filled with sorrow, "O ...


4

Probably Vashishta and other court-appointed acharyas. From Valmiki Ramayan गजस्कन्धेऽश्वपृष्ठे च रथचर्यासु सम्मतः धनुर्वेदे च निरतः पितृशुश्रूषणे रतः Rama is admittedly a champion of riding elephants and horses, also in tactical charioting, and he rejoices in the art of archery, and absorbed in the obedient service of his father. The keyword is '...


4

Why does the Vishnu Purana and Mahabharat promote Child Marriage? Not just the Vishnu Purana and Mahabharata, but all Dharma Shastras promote child marriage: Manu 9.94 - A man thirty years old shall marry a charming girl twelve years old; or one twenty four years old, a girl eight years old; in the event of his duties suffering, he may do it sooner. Yama (...


4

The oriental propensity for exaggeration, embellishment, mythologization and conscripting of purported history for spiritual instruction it is impossible to say what actually took place in any form of verifiable detail. For example the alleged long and detailed conversations between the characters cannot possibly have actually taken place, since there were ...


3

http://karna-the-great.blogspot.com/p/digvijay-of-karna.html Karna defeated, Drupada, Bhagadatta, a powerful warrior who fought for Kauravas because Karna conquered him, all kings inhabiting himavat, all kings of himalaya, shing to the east, he reduced the Angas, and the Bangas, and the Kalingas, and the Mandikas, and the Magadhas. the Karkakhandas; and also ...


3

As per the Mahabaharata: Adi Parva: Chapter 2, Mahabaharata contains 100 parvas: Then comes the Purana which is called Khilvansa. In this last are contained 'Vishnuparva', Vishnu's frolics and feats as a child, the destruction of 'Kansa', and lastly, the very wonderful 'Bhavishyaparva' (in which there are prophecies regarding the future). The high-souled ...


3

It is absent from the Critical Edition of the Southern Recension of Mahābhārata edited by P. P. S. Sastri. As you can see at this link, the first numbered verse is a dhyānaśloka that begins with śuklāmbaradharaṃ viṣṇuṃ... ॥ श्रीः ॥ ॥ महाभारतम् ॥ ॥ध्यानश्लोकाः॥ शुक्लाम्बरधरं विष्णुं शशिवर्णं चतुर्भुजम् । प्रसन्नवदनं ध्यायेत् सर्वविघ्नोपशान्तये ॥ १ धर्मो ...


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