Visit What are some online sources to get unabridged Hindu Scriptures or to learn Hinduism? to find and read scriptures.
You can easily read/find Vedas in original Sanskrit at Sanskrit Wikisource, Vedic Reserve site, Snskrit web etc. sources.
Yes, the mantras you quoted is known as Shiva Sankalpa Sukta or sometimes "Shiva Sankalpa Upanishad".
Bhagavad Gita 6.5:
“उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् । आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मनः ॥
“One should lift up oneself by oneself. One should not let oneself get depressed or defeated - because the self is the friend of oneself and the self is the enemy of oneself”
This is not really very related to hinduism. It has more to do with psychology. However, a sattvik lifestyle can help eliminate such thoughts. For eg., vegetarian food, becoming an early waker, etc. From a science point of view one must always have good sleep and exercise. You can in addition practice yoga, meditation and pranayama.
The Blessed Lord said: Fearlessness, purification of one's existence, cultivation of spiritual knowledge, charity, self-control, performance of sacrifice, study of the Vedas, austerity and simplicity; nonviolence, truthfulness, freedom from anger; renunciation, tranquility, aversion to faultfinding, compassion and freedom from covetousness; gentleness, ...
The material body is the annamayakosa. There are 5 kosas or khosas - sheaths which surround the Atman in an individual, the outer material sheath is the annamayakosa. See Where does a Soul attach to the Body? and What are three Sharira and their relation to five Kosha? There are multiple questions on this topic to explain the sheaths more fully.
In his ...
Mind does not resolves in deep sleep rather exists in seed form. Had mind merged into consciousness, then samadhi would have ensued. But after waking up, you are still able to recall the experience of deep sleep that you didn't witness a dream. This clearly shows that there was a Seer (Subject) that saw or experienced blankness (object) which is a sign of ...
Bhartṛhari's Nītiśataka has a similar verse:
karmāyattaṃ phalaṃ puṃsāṃ
buddhiḥ karmānusāriṇī |
tathāpi sudhiyā bhāvyaṃ
suvicāryaiva kurvatā || 1.89 ||
Although the result of his actions is in accordance with his Karma or previous destiny, and the circuit of his intelligence is also defined by same, a wise man should still undertake to do a ...