Hindus didn't call themselves Hindu. It was the name given by Islamic invaders. To them, everyone living beyond the river Sindhu were Hindus including Buddhists, Jains & animistic tribals. Sindhu becomes Hindu in Persian and Indus in English. And the land of these people beyond Sindhu was called Hindustan.
To the native, i.e ancestors of today's Hindus, ...
TL;DR: It's due to schwa deletion rule of Hindi.
First off, it is incorrect and incomplete to write the Sanskrit or Devanāgarī word राम (Rāma) as "Rama" as commonly written by English writers on this forum and elsewhere. The table below lists the accepted Romanised transliterations of राम. Same goes for कृष्ण - "Krishna" is not recommended, while Kṛṣṇa or ...
One of the primary reasons is the sin destroying effects the Lord's names. The inspiration for doing this can be linked to the story of Ajamila as described in the Bhagavatam:
Ajamila was a pious brahmana. But once he saw a prostitute engaged with a man in the forest and since then he got infatuated. He fell down from his religious activities and went so low ...
The word “Hindu” was originally coined by the ancient Persians to describe the people living east of the “Sindhu”, or Indus River. The term spread westward, and eventually it became popularized throughout the world. It was only with the invasion of India, first by the Muslims and then by the British that the term “Hindu” came into use in India. Prior to that,...
The Best definition of Lord Rudra is given by Lord Krishna himself in Harivamsha Parva [2.74 section] of Mahabharata:
रुद्रो देव त्वं रुदनाद् रावणाञ्च
रोरुयमाणो द्रावणाच्चवातिदेवः ।
Lord Rudra, You are the one who cry, who makes other cry and who removes the cry of Samsara (misery of Samsara).
Rudra who cries:
Rudra takes birth as son of Lord ...
The connection between Vishnu and the Sun is described in this chapter of the Shatapatha Brahmana of the Yajur Veda. The gods once accidentally cut off Vishnu's head with his own bow (this is all Vishnu's Lila, of course) and the head turns into the Sun:
They spake, 'Whoever of us, through austerity, fervour, faith, sacrifice, and oblations, shall first ...
First of all, Vāsudeva (with a long a) is the patronymic name of Krishna, what we would call a "last name". It means "son of Vasudeva" (with a short a). Second of all, long before the birth of Krishna, Vishnu has been known as Vāsudeva. How is this possible? It's because the name Vāsudeva has another meaning, given in this chapter of the Vishnu Purana:
Kuru was an ancient lunar dynasty king of Hastinapura and an ancestor of Shantanu. The patronymic (i.e. last name form) of the name Kuru is Kaurava, so in a broad sense you could say that everyone descended from Kuru is a Kaurava, which includes both the sons of Pandu and the sons of Dhritarashtra. But the way Vedic patronymics worked was as follows: if X ...
Hanuman is very well known for his physical strength. The name Bajrang is acquired by Him due to this reason. There are numerous references to this strength in Valmiki Ramayana. Bajra is a cultural variation of Vajra. Anga means a body. Vajraanga means one with a body like the Vajra. Here, Vajra can be interpreted as strong and also as strong as the ...
I read this and to me makes sense.
Hanuman is called Bajrang Bali. I tried to understand why he was so
called. This name is being used mostly in Northern India and less in
Southern India, indicating Lord Hanuman.
According to my understanding, the original word might be
VAJRAANGABALI. If we split this word, we will get 3 words. VAJRA +
ANGA + ...
Is this story of Surya being born dead and revived later given in any scripture?
Yes , apart from Brahma Purana , we find the brief mentioning of Aditya or Sun God being born dead and revived later in Satapatha Brahmana - Kanda 3 - Adhyaya - 1 - Brahmana 3 . .But here instead it's said that Martanda was born unformed or immature than dead .
Yes, Lord Vishnu is also called Shiva in few versions of Vishnu Sahasranama. For example, Shiva appears as 27th name in Vishnu Sahasranama found in Mahabharata: Anusasana Parva:
17 सर्वः शर्वः शिवः सथाणुर भूतादिर निधिर अव्ययः
संभवॊ भावनॊ भर्ता परभवः परभुर ईश्वरः
17 sarvaḥ śarvaḥ śivaḥ sthāṇur bhūtādir nidhir avyayaḥ
saṃbhavo bhāvano ...
There's a subtle difference between Shiva and Shankara or Rudra. Shiva is Supreme Purusha while Shankara aka Rudra is human manifestation of Supreme Purusha Shiva. Shankara or Rudra is generally depicted as wearing snake over his neck with a trident in his hand. Supreme Purusha Shiva, as formless, is generally worshipped in Linga form.
This answer explains ...
Narayana consists of two words as Naara+Ayana. Naara means water and Ayana means home. It is mentioned in Mahabharata, Vana Parva, SECTION CLXXXVIII.
3 आपॊ नारा इति परॊक्ताः संज्ञा नाम कृतं मया
तेन नारायणॊ ऽसम्य उक्तॊ मम तद धययनं सदा
In ancient times I called the waters by the name of Nara; and because the waters have ever been my ayana or home, ...
I guess this practice was started mainly to take care of the following:
To ensure that you utter the name of God through daily social communications in case you don't have time to go to temples and conduct formal worship to the God.
The names of Gods when uttered frequently in social life might have a long lasting cleansing and soothing effect on ones sub-...
According to Sanskrit Dictionary,
आर्ष relating or belonging to or derived from ṛṣi-s (id est the poets of the Vedic and other old hymns) , archaistic  etc.
आर्ष the speech of a ṛṣi-, the holy text, the veda-s 
आर्ष the derivation (of a poem) from a ṛṣi- author.
 Literary Source: mahābhārata
 Literary Source: rāmāyaṇa
 Literary ...
The name was Ajanābha-varṣa. This was the name given to the planet earth. But after the activities of the king Bharata, the country is named as Bhārata-varṣa.
This is said in the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam. Skanda 5 chapter 7
ajanābhaṁ nāmaitad varṣaṁ bhāratam iti yata ārabhya vyapadiśanti.
Formerly this planet was known as Ajanābha-varṣa, but since Mahārāja Bharata’...
What is the difference between Shrimad Bhagvatam and Bhagvad Gita? Are they equivalent to each other or both are different?
The "Bhāgavata Purāṇa" is otherwise known as Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam or Śrīmad Bhāgavata Mahā Purāṇa or Śrīmad Bhāgavatam or Bhāgavata. This is one of the Purana from 18 major Puranas.
"Bhagavad-gītā" or "Srimad BhagavadGita" is a part of ...
What is the difference between Shrimad Bhagavatam and Bhagavad Gita?
Srimad Bhagavatam or the Bhagavat Puran, is the 5th major purana amongst 18 different puranas. It contains 12 different parts (skandhas) and around 18,000 verses. Similar to the other Puranas, the Srimad Bhagavatham is written by Sage Vyasa. Sage Shuka, who was Vyasa's son, recited the ...
Yes, the name of that demon is Viradha. This story is described in Ramayana, Aranya Kanda, Sarga 2.
अहम् वनम् इदम् दुर्गम् विराघो नाम राक्षसः || ३-२-१२
चरामि सायुधो नित्यम् ऋषि मांसानि भक्षयन् |
"I am a demon named Viradha and I will be on the rove in this impassable forest with weapon, always eating the flesh of sages... [3-2-12b-13a]
Sanatana (सनातन) is a Sanskrit word referring to eternal, having no beginning or end. The phrase dharma sanātana does occur in Hinduism scriptures. Traced back as far as valmiki Ramayana . The word is also present in Bhagvat Purana and in Manu smriti.
कृते च प्रतिकर्तव्यमेष धर्मः सनातनः। सोऽयं त्वत्प्रतिकारार्थी
The Puranas are named according to following points (these are my observations):
On the basis of which deity is glorified.
On the basis of which Kalpa events are mentioned.
On the basis of who is narrator of events.
On the basis of to whom the events are being narrated.
The complete list of Puranas and why they are named so is given in Shiva Purana, Uma ...
'Shiva' denotes the nature of the self or the transcendental aspect. It represents Turiya which is beyond three Gunas of nature ie. Satva, Rajas and Tamas.
30th verse of Shiva Mahimna Stotra composed by Pushpadanta states:
बहुल-रजसे विश्वोत्पत्तौ भवाय नमो नमः
प्रबल-तमसे तत् संहारे हराय नमो नमः।
जन-सुखकृते सत्त्वोद्रिक्तौ मृडाय नमो नमः
Yes. The ocean (सागरः or Sāgara) is named after Sagara (सगर), a king of Ikshvaku dynasty. He is the son of king Asita. Ocean on the earth is formed by one of his deeds i.e., he dug the bed of ocean. Sagara's stepmother gives poison to Sagara's mother Kalindi out of jealousy. She was also pregnant. They both go to a sage Chyavana. As he was born from toxicity,...
Yes, it is at Gaya in Bihar where it is called Vishnu pad temple. It is claimed that the foot print of Lord Vishnu on stone is kept inside of the temple. Gaya is an ancient place for worshiping ancestors. People from all over the world go there for giving 'pind-dan' for their pitar.
The correct name is कृष्ण with ण.
The problem in pronunciation is due to the mistake in transliteration from Sanskrit to English. Now a days, the letter 'ऋ' is written as 'ri' and pronounced as 'रि' which is wrong. Same applies to ऋग्वेद which is now written as Rig Veda. Its transliteration according to IAST is Ṛgveda. Same for 'ऋषि' whose ...
There is an interesting story behind the how Lord Venkateshwara got that name. This is not because of the confusion of who the deity in Tirumala is.
Once upon a time, there was a controversy between various sects of our religion on who is the presiding deity of Tirumala. There were different theories that the deity in Tirumala is Shiva, Shakthi, Kartikeya,...
The Surname is modern concept , in ancient times all the Dwijas (dwija jaatis) used to have similar surnames according to their varnas. When a dwija greeted somebody he used to recite adhivadan to the other respected one like a Bramhin would say
abhivadaye name (sharma) ahamasmibho (ManuSmriti 2.122)
The Sharma is to be replaced by Verma for Kshatriyas ...
Hara means the one who destroys ie. Who does Harana. Lord Shiva is called Hara because he is the destroyer of world, sins, evils etc..
In the phrase 'Hara Hara Mahadeva' the meaning which suits the most is 'Who destroys the sins.' Mahabharata Vana Parva Kairata section states:
गतेषु तेषु सर्वेषु तपस्वीसु महात्मसु ।
पिनाकपाणिर्भगवान् सर्वपाप हरो हरः ।। ...