The Sankrit has two basic rules of thumb:
First, a sentence is not made up of words, but of phrases. The beauty of this language is that these phrases can be put in any order but the purport of the sentence never changes. For example, let us look into sentences given below:
(i) vrichhat patranni patanti,
(ii) patranni patanti vrichhat,
(iii) patanti ...
Are you specifically referring to Duryodhana and dushasana ?
Duryodhana comes from Dur + yogdhana literally meaning hard fighter.
Dushasana in sanskrit is spelled as दुःशासन, Duḥśāsana i.e., Duh + shasana meaning hard ruler/controller. See
I think the names were correct with prefixes of Dur or Duh meaning hard ...