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9

Let me start off by saying that it is natural to ask what the differences are between the Nyaya school and the Vaisheshika school are, because of how closely related they are. First of all, the six Astika schools are often grouped into three groups of two: Samkhya-Yoga, Nyaya-Vaisheshika, and Mimamsa-Vedanta. That's because the Samkhya and Yoga schools ...


8

In Adhyaya 5 Pada 2 Sutra 1 of the Nyaya Sutras, Gautama lists the 22 argumentative moves that cause you to lose a debate, known as Nigrahasthanas or Clinchers: pratijñāhāniḥ pratijñāntaraṃ pratijñāvirodhaḥ pratijñāsaṃnyāso hetvantaramarthāntaraṃ nirarthakam avijñātārtham apārthakam aprāptakālaṃ nyūnamadhikaṃ punaruktam ananubhāṣaṇam ajñānam apratibhā ...


5

The defining text of the Nyaya school (one of the six Astika schools) is Gautama's Nyaya Sutras. This book by Mahamahopadhyaya Satish Chandra Vidyabhushan provides the Nyaya Sutras in Sanskrit, along with an English translation and commentary on each Sutra. One note of caution: it's fine to read about the Nyaya school in order to learn the logical ...


5

You don't have a clear understanding of the text and the argument is not just an advaita argument, but is also supported by Ramanuja in his Sri-Bhasya. The original argument that Harsha is explaining appears in Brahma Sutras. The argument is given by Vyasa in Brahma Sutras 2.1.26-33. Both Sankara and Ramanuja support Vyasa's view in this text. Here is the ...


4

The Nyaya Sutras accept the existence of God.. Here is what Gautama says in Adhyaya 4 Pada 1 of the Nyaya Sutras (from Ganganatha Jha's translation): īśvaraḥ kāraṇaṁ puruṣakarmāphalyadarśanāt God is the cause; because we find fruitlessness in the actions of Men. na puruṣakarmābhāve phalāniṣpatteḥ It is not so; because as a matter of fact, no fruit ...


4

I found one argument from the Vaisheshika school. It occurs in this excerpt Prashastapada's Padartha Dharma Sangraha, the second-oldest work of the Vaisheshika school. Prashastapada doesn't just try to show that sound is a phenomenon of Akasha, he tries to prove the existence of Akasha using the existence of sound. He argues that sound cannot be a ...


3

I know of six commentaries on Gautama's Nyaya Sutras: Vatsyayana's Nyaya Sutra Bhashya, which you can read here. Uddyotakara's Vartika on Vatsyayana's Bhashya, which you can read in four volumes here, here, here, and here. Vachaspati Mishra's Tatparya Tika on Uddyotaraka's Vartika, which isn't available in English, but is available in Sanskrit here. Udayana'...


3

I know about two English translations with commentaries which are freely available online. I think you will get it in archive.org The aphorisms of the Nyaya Philosophy by Goutama with illustrative extracts from the commentary by Vishwantha (in Sanskrit and English), Allahabad, 1850. The sacred books of the Hindus Vol VIII: The Nyaya sutras of Gotama. ...


3

The boldface passage is easy to understand, the rest of the argument, not so much. Sri Harsha seems to deal with a one-level ontology similar to scholastics', where attributes (essential properties) are things in their own right. His "nature" seems to correspond to scholastic "essence", the sum total of attributes. To untangle the argument let us abbreviate "...


2

Well, nowhere its specifically mentioned that only chandala. Even a brahmin if touches idol without bathing and without following rules of brahmacharya, He too is considered chandala and the same thing applies. Chandala is not really caste, its behaviour or habits of a person which makes one chandala. and infact a brahmin doesn't even go into puja room in ...


2

Yes, it's likely to be true. Short answer: ChAndAla-s are not allowed within the city limit, let alone the temples. Note: We are talking about god's idol here and Not god. Refer the analogy for better interpretation. Ancient Indian culture was highly relying on vibes and aura, based on which Certain things are auspicious & inauspicious. ChAndAla & ...


2

I have a copy of the Bhasa Pariccheda with Siddhanta-Muktavali by Visvanatha-Nyaya-Pancanana. It is done by Swami Madhavananda with original Sanskrit, English translation and commentary. It is a manual on the Nyaya-Vaisesika philosophy. It is available through Advaita Ashrama - http://advaitaashrama.org/ and also Motilal Banarsidass - http://www.mlbd.com/


1

The deaths were not planned by anyone. It is an accident. So no body can be held directly responsible for the deaths. Any one who chooses to live in Samsara will have to face tapatraya or three types of suffering. There is no need to bring in Nyaya shastra. What are the three types of suffering? Of what avail will be the wealth and the objects of enjoyment ...


1

There have been a few commentaries on the Gautama Nyaya Sutras. The names are given in The Nyaya sutras of Gotama. Translated by Mahamahopadhyay Satishchandra Vidyabhushana. The book lists 15 commentaries on the Nyaya Sutras. Nyaya Bhashya by Vatsayana otherwise known as Pakshila swami. Nyaya Vartika by Udyotakara Nyaya Vartika Tatparya Tika by ...


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