22

I feel the your doubt is about representation If you look at the history of representation, it starts with the story of people representing numbers with straight lines, and crossing them after sometime. Roman Numerals for example did not originally have 0. Multiplication and division might have possibly be done in form of addition and subtraction and if you ...


14

Puranas do mention the names of days of week. For eg. Srimad Bhagvatam in 4.12.49 talks about Sunday: पौर्णमास्यां सिनीवाल्यां द्वादश्यां श्रवणेथवा। दिन-क्षये व्यतीपाते सङ्क्रमेर्कदिने पि वा।। श्रावयेच् छ्रद्दधानानां तीर्थ-पाद-पदाश्रयः। नेच्छंस् तत्रात्मनात्मानं सन्तुष्ट इति सिध्यति।। ( S.B. 4.12.49,50) Persons who have completely taken shelter ...


9

From Wikipedia: Place value system and zero The place-value system, first seen in the 3rd-century Bakhshali Manuscript, was clearly in place in his work. While he did not use a symbol for zero, the French mathematician Georges Ifrah argues that knowledge of zero was implicit in Aryabhata's place-value system as a placeholder for the powers of ten ...


6

These 12 months are derived from the name of nakshtras. As I discuss in my answer here, the names of nakshtras are itself stated in Atharva Veda. In a particular month there is high probability of occurring full moon in particular nakshtra. Of course it may not occur exactly but it occurs near. On the basis of this 15 nakshtras were choosen and months were ...


6

Since Vedic times Hindus were able to describe very large numbers by using appropriate names. The 9 numbers were already mentioned in RV like eka, dwi, tri, chatur,......., nava. The names for 10, 20,..., 90 occurs in RV 2.18.5-6. Other numbers are described thus- for example 84 is spelled as four plus eighty. 18 is spelled as 2 less than 20 and so on. RV ...


5

Day starts from sunrise. One day and night together makes an ahorAtra. For vrata and other auspicious occasion we have to consider sunrise as the.start of the day. It is advised to get up about two muhurta before the sunrise in order to finish day to day chorus and get ready for rituals like sandhyA. One muhurta as per Astrology is about 48 minutes. Let us ...


5

Panchang is a Hindu calendar and almanac, which follows traditional units of Indian timekeeping, and presents important dates and their calculations in a tabulated form. The word Panchang is basically made up of 2 words ie, Panch (meaning Five) Ang (meaning Parts) So, the word 'Panchang' basically refers to a system of calculating and keeping a date into ...


5

Aryabhatta wasn't the first to use/discover zero. It's already described in other answers as well. In the recent radioactive dating also Bakshali manuscript which is before Aryabhatta time clearly show use of written zero: The Bakhshali manuscript is a mathematical text written on birch bark that was found in 1881 in the British-ruled village of Bakhshali ...


4

This is the answer of your first question only According To Date Panchanga (Hard Copy) which is in Marathi language. There are six Shaka-Kartas in Kaliyuga-: 1) Yudhishthira (Dharmaraja) - Indraprastha -His Saka (Time) was of 3044 years. 2) King Vikaram - Ujjain ( Madhya Pradesh) - His saka (Time) was of 135 years. 3) King Shalivahan - Paithan (...


4

Let's start with the below table for Sukla Paksha (brighter fortnight) and Krishna Paksha (darker fortnight). Sukla Paksha Krishna Paksha Name of Tithi ------------------------------------------------- 1st 16th Pratipada 2nd 17th Dwitiya 3rd 18th Tritiya 4th ...


3

Rules for Krishna Ashtami nirnaya are quite complex which are explained in Dharma Bindu: page 8-9 (pdf might get downloaded by clicking on this link), DHARMA SINDHU: Prathama Parichheda and Nirnaya Sindhu: Dwitya Parichheda etc in detail. The basic summary of the rules is, The most auspicious day to celebrate Krishna Janmashtami is when Bhadrapada Krishna ...


3

There are generally below factors to celebrate any Hindu festival: Calendar category (Lunar, Solar) Calendar subcategory (Purnimanta, Amanta) Hindu month (e.g. Ashwin, Bhadrapada etc.) Paksha (e.g. Shukla, Krishna) Tithi (e.g. Dashami, Ashtami etc.) Nakshatra (e.g. Shravana, Rohini etc.) Kaal (e.g. Vijaya, Nishita etc.) As per Lunar Purnimanta calendar, ...


3

You don't need internet for that purpose if you have an Ephemeris with you. For example, the book Raman's 110 years Ephemeris will allow you to compute any horoscope provided the birth has occurred between 1891-2001 A.D. Similarly, the book Raman's New Millennium 50 Year Ephemeris (2001-2050 AD) will allow you to calculate any birth charts for the period ...


3

I think they wrote zata(in Harvard-Kyoto transliteration) in Sanskrit which means hundred and they did not use Roman numerals. They knew the counting but they denoted it differently.


3

So, does this mean we need 0 to count to 100 and beyond ?. I think we can count indefinitely without ever using 0. 0 is a symbol, a convenience and a convention, not a mathematical priori. That's precisely the reason why it is called an invention and not a discovery. How many times do you utter the word "zero" while counting till hundred ? Not once, right ...


3

Mahabharatha gives a quantitative description of the number of army contingents (Akshauhnees), their individual strengths, commander's rank for which strength of army (Athiradha, Maharatha etc) etc.When bridge to Lanka was made there was numerical estimate of number of days it would take to build the bridge and number of Vanaras needed to execute the work....


3

There are actually two schools or groups which make the Hindu Panchangams or almanacs .They are called the Panchangam Kartaa. One among them use the old school method depending on the Surya Siddhanta(or Vakya Siddhanta) and another one depends on the Drik Ganita ,which uses modern methods to calculate the positions of the stars.Their calculations match with ...


2

Muhurtham: Muhurtham is an auspicious time selected for starting or performing an important event/action in life. Muhurtham is a Hindu unit of measurement for time in the Hindu calendar. A Muhurtham equals 2 Ghadiyas or approximately 48 minutes. It is stated in Manu Samhita that eighteen nimeshas (twinkling of the eye, are one kashtha), thirty kashthas one ...


2

It is generally considered by Hindus now-a-days that the day begins with the sun rise. But in Vedic period the day began with dawn (Usha kal) exactly when redness appear in the sky indicating the rise of Sun. This is the period which was called then as Pratah Savan for worship. RigVeda describes three Savans of a day but I could find only two of them so far ...


2

Here is a link which refers to the timings of choghadiya: Choghadiya Calculation : - First know your local time of Sunset and Sunrise. Make hours for days Choghdiya and nights Choghdiya. Then divide the time periods by eight, the result called the time period of one Choghadiya muhurat. Generally, each Choghadiya muhurat has time near about one and ...


2

The order is decided by the day of the week. Day Choghadiya +-------+-------+---------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ | Sun | Mon | Tue | Wed | Thu | Fri | Sat | +-------+-------+---------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ | Udveg | Amrit | Rog | Labh | Shubh | Chal | Kaal | | Chal | Kaal | Udveg | Amrut | Rog | Labh | Shubh |...


2

The festivals are associated with some event(s). And the main puuja is done in the same time in which the event happened. For example, On Ganesha Chaturthi, main Pujaa is done during Madhyahna Kaala because it is believed that Lord Ganesha was born during Madhyahna Kaala (Hindu midday). On Raama Navami, main Pujaa is done during Madhyahna Kaala because it ...


2

I think this will solve the issue About Two Krishna Janmashtami Dates Most of the time, Krishna Janmashtami is listed on two consecutive days. The first one is for Smarta Sampradaya and the other one is for Vaishanava Sampradaya. Vaishanava Sampradaya date is the latter one. A single date for Janmashtami means that both Sampradaya would observe Janmashtami ...


1

There are many tools for that, for example: Navigate to https://www.drikpanchang.com/panchang/day-panchang.html => Enter city name => Enter Date This will give you Thithi of that date.


1

Can celebrate birth day in respective Nija masa (moon month). No need to wait for adhika masa in next coming years. Same thing applies to birth day on february 29. make a note of the tithi and masa (Moon month) and celebrate every year.


1

Astrologer P.V.R Narasimha Rao has given some details on Ayanamsa in his book Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach. As earth’s precession changes every year, the difference between the tropical zodiac and the sidereal zodiac changes. This difference is called “ayanamsa” (sidereal difference). There are many opinions on the correct value of ...


1

From Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach by P.V.R Narsimha Rao In lunar calendar, one day stands for one tithi. Tithi or lunar day is a period in which the difference between the longitudes of Moon and Sun changes by exactly 12°. Moon and Sun longitude positions are important to determine the tithi and when it will change. When Sun and Moon are ...


1

Zero is not at all used for counting. Even we today know the Natural Numbers start from 1, so as the counting. For counting 100 Kaurabs or Ravan's 10 heads 0 is not needed.


1

Aryabhat was taught about zero when he went to a vedic gurukul. The sages who taught him, took the concept of shunya from the vedas. The number system came from shukla yajurved 18/24-25.


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