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28

Science must be accepted even when science contradicts the Vedas. Vedas should be used only in matters which can not be probed by any scientific method. Vedic authority does not extend to matters which can be studied using scientific methods. I am posting some quotes that will hopefully make things clear. Bhishma said in Mahabharata Shanti Parva Section ...


16

Hinduism is an intrinsically scientific religion. The Vedas themselves accurately describe very complicated geometric concepts including six-dimensional spaces, distances between celestial bodies, and using changing skylines to measure time, just to name a few examples ("Vedic Geometry Course" Dr. S. K. Kapoor). If you follow the Dhashavataram ...


11

Krishna Yajurveda ➡ Taittariya Samhita : 2.2.10.2 Quoting Sanskrit text from Wikisource: Taittariya Samhita, Adhyaya-2, Prapathaka-2, Anuvaka-10, 2nd Mantra: VERSE: 2 वै तिष्यः सोमः पूर्णमासः साक्षाद् एव ब्रह्मवर्चसम् अव रुन्द्धे परिश्रिते याजयति ब्रह्मवर्चसस्य परिगृहीत्यै श्वेतायै श्वेतवत्सायै दुग्धम् मथितम् आज्यम् अभवत्य् आज्यम् प्रोक्षणम् आज्येन मा...


10

Vineet Menon has given a very good answer to this question. I will add the following: Both Sruti and Smriti cannot override human reason. I am posting here two quotes on the importance of reason: Acharya Shankara, for example, in his Gita Bhasya 18.66 says: "The appeal to the infallibility of the Vedic injunction is misconceived. The infallibility in ...


8

Argument 1a) Manusmriti 4.176 says Let him avoid (the acquisition of) wealth and (the gratification of his) desires, if they are opposed to the sacred law, and even lawful acts which may cause pain in the future or are offensive to men. Hence, even any lawful act which may cause pain in the future and are offensive to men , like casteism/varna ...


8

The Vedas occupy the highest pinnacle point of all the sum total scriptures in Hinduism. No other Hindu scripture can be accorded that position. So the answer to that question would be: "no - there are no equivalents to the Vedas." The reason being all other scriptures derive their principles from the Vedas but the Vedas are independent. Every great ...


7

Traditionally Hindus are the one who believe in Aparusheyatva of Vedas. Swami Prabhavananda says the following in book Spiritual Heritage of India. The Vedas, on the other hand, are said to be apauruseya, which means divine in origin. In fact, in the words of Sayanacarya, the learned commentator on the Vedas, Yo vedebhyaH akhilaM jagat nirmAne — God ...


6

First of all it should be understand that Agama is a very wide subject. It involves various aspects such as mantra, yantra, upasana, diksha, anushthana, temple construction, idol construction and so on. There are many references which say that shruti are of two kinds. One is Vedas and other is agama. There is another post on agamas which you can go through ...


5

I am partially answering the question for Anumana. As we know in Samkhya, three standards or proofs are accepted - direct perception, inference (Anumana) and Apta Vakya (or scriptures). Drishtamanumanamaptavachanancha sarvapramanasiddhatvat | Trividham pramanamishtam prameyasiddhih pramanAddhi || Pratyaksha (direct perception), anumAna (...


4

I believe that science and hinduism are not that different and not at all contradictory. But it must be said that in order to see the similarities, it is needed to dive deep into Hinduism and Hindu beliefs. Some of the Hinduism philosophies here has been following the Advaita Vedanta stance and some others the Achithyabedhabheda stance, some the Dvaita ...


4

The Vedas do not mention about PramAnas. It's the Darshana scriptures which talk about them. For example, in SAmkhya Darshana, three PramAnas (standard) are accepted. DrishtamanumAnamAptavachanancha sarvapramAnasiddhatvAt | Trividham pramAnamishtam prameyasiddhih pramAnAddhi || Pratyaksha (direct perception), anumAna (inferrence) and Apta VAkya ...


4

Visistadvaita does not dispute the validity of other Pramanas, it just says there are three independent Pramanas, namely Pratyaksha, Anumana, and Sabda, and other Pramanas are reducible to these three. Here is what S.M. Srinivasachari says in his book "Fundamentals of Visistadvaita Vedanta", which is based on Vedanta Desikan's Tattva Mukta Kalapa: ...


4

Here is what Ramanujacharya says in this section of the Sri Bhashya, in the course of refuting the Advaita belief that we should believe that duality is unreal on the basis of scripture despite it contradicting what we perceive: In cases of Scripture conflicting with Perception, Scripture is not stronger. The True cannot be known through the Untrue. With ...


4

As for belief in Vedas - Belief is central to religion. The whole concept of religion revolves around belief. That's why nonbelievers are called atheists. So when it comes to religion there cannot be a part belief and a part disbelief. Either you believe or you don't. Our belief in the Vedas are absolute because it was handed down to us by our great ...


3

May be the SmArta Sect. Actually, as far as i know, no sects explicitly say that Manu Smriti, in particular, is one of the fundamental texts for them. But on the other hand, Manu Smriti is one generally followed and fundamentally important Hindu scripture, which must be important for all sects too. The Smritis are authority in Hinduism as long as they do ...


3

For the topic of Dharma the Vaisheshika Sutras are considering word of vedas as reliable source of knowledge. It's said in the below sutra that the Ishwara created this universe through the Dharma of Dravyas (knowledge of elements) . And the information how Ishwara created this universe through the Dravyas (elements) is found in the Vedas. So on this ...


3

Most Vedantic philosophies other than Advaita agree on the number of Pramanas. As I suspected, Advaita accepts the same six Pramanas as Kumarila Bhatta; here's what the 17th century Advaita philosopher Dharmaraja Adhavindra says in this excerpt from his Vedanta Paribhasha: Those means of knowledge are six in number, their divisions being perception, ...


3

Hindu scripture is made up of two categories, Shruti and Smriti. Shruti means "that which is heard" (what Christians would call "revelation"). Hindus believe that from time immemorial, sages known as Dhrishtas (literally "seers") have, during a state of Tapasya (deep meditation), heard sacred verses directly from the gods. In the Dwapara Yuga (the age ...


3

So before answering your question i would like start with quotes "'Astonishing fact! The Hindu Revelation (Veda) is all relavations the only one whose ideas are in perfect harmony with Modern Science, as it proclaims the slow and gradual formation of the world.'" (The Bible in India by Jacolliot, Vol II, Chapter 1) 'It (Vedic Religion) recognizes ...


3

Śabda needs to be rejected when it doesn't sit well with Anumāna. From Yoga-Vāsiṣṭha: api pauruṣamādeyaṃ śāstraṃ cedyuktibodhakam | anyattvārṣamapi tyājyaṃ bhāvyaṃ nyāyyaikasevinā || 2.18.2 || Even human compositions are acceptable when they are instructive of good sense; otherwise the Vedas also are to be renounced (as unreliable); because men ...


3

From a Dvaita perspective: Pratyaksha as verified by "sakshi", the indwelling self, is not an erroneous experience. This is not to negate the erroneous experiences at all. As far as Anumana is concerned, as its name implies, it is anu-mana, secondary to and based on pratyaksha. As far as the Paramatma or Brahman is concerned, only source of knowledge is ...


2

From Shiv Rahasya book (less information available about this book) says following about the laws of Man (Smritis). It says such laws Should be followed with wisdom, not blindly. O you who are Princes amongst men! know that the Law whereby Life takes its course is of three kinds. That which has been laid down by the forefathers or decreed by a ...


2

Of course science and Hinduism contradict each other. But science contradicts every religion as far as both strive to explain the phenomena around as. Religion satisfies many other goals. But due to your question I focus my answer on the domain where both overlap. Science proceeds according to the method of conjecture and refutation. A scientific theory is ...


2

Sayanacharya often alludes to Puranic legends to explain certain Vedic Mantras. This I have noticed at some places of the YajurVeda books I have. In the book Rig Veda Mandala 5 (R.L.Kashyap) the author/translator also confirms the same. The author says in his foreword (p.26): Unlike Sayana Acharya, we do not resort to Puranic legends to explain ...


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