Prajapatya, Chandrayana and Krcchra are the penances done for the expiation of some certain sins as you have described in your question.
Prajapatya is defined in Manu Smriti, Chapter 11, Verse 211 as:
त्र्यहं प्रातस्त्र्यहं सायं त्र्यहमद्यादयाचितम् ।
त्र्यहं परं च नाश्नीयात् प्राजापत्यं चरन् द्विजः ॥ २११ ॥
tryahaṃ prātastryahaṃ sāyaṃ ...
After Killing his mother Renuka, Parasurama asked some of his wishes to his father. One of the wish is that he(Parasurama) might not be affected by any sin for killing his mother. Along with this wish, Parasurama's father Jamadagni granted all wishes asked by Parasurama. Thus Parasurama is unaffected by the sin for killing his mother and hence there is no ...
There are various methods of getting rid of committed sins. Like confession as approved by scriptures, recitation of mantras and scriptures, repentance, austerities etc.
Manu Smriti 11.227. By confession, by repentance, by austerity, and by
reciting (the Veda) a sinner is freed from guilt, and in case no other
course is possible, by liberality
The sage who cut off his own hands was Likhita and his elder brother is Shankha. The story of these two sages is said to Yudhishtira by Sage Vyasa to remind his duty of chastising. This story occurs in 23rd chapter of Rajadharmanusasana Parva of Shanti Parva of Mahabharata.
These were two sages named Shankha and Likhita lived in different hermitages. Both ...
It can not be mentioned as disallowed because it is unavoidable. But at the same time, it is recognized as a sin, and to remedy that sin, prescriptions are also being provided.
See the following verses from the Parashara Smriti's 2nd Chapter:
अयोमुखेन काष्ठेन तदेकाहेन लाङ्गली ।
पाशकोमत्स्य घाती च व्याधः शाकुनिकस्तथा ॥९॥
A hunter who makes
Did he ever felt sorry for killing Ravana?
Yes, this is described in PADMA PURANA: PATALAKHANDA: Chapter 8. Agastya Advices Rama to Perform Horse Sacrifice.
When Agastya narrated Ravana's story, Rama felt very much sorry about killing Ravana born in a brahmana-family. Agastya tried to convince Rama that Ravana was a servant in Vaikuntha and he obtained ...
As shown in this answer one definition of ShAstra (scripture) is the following:
ShAsanAdanisham devi varnAshramanivAsinAm | TAranAt sarva
pApebhyoh ShAstra mityabhidhiyate ||
O Devi! Because it constantly rules (ShAsana) all dwellers of all the
orders of life, and because it protects (TArana or TrAna) all from all
kinds of demerits, it is ...
It depends on where the lie has been said and in which circumstances.
For example, Karna lied to his Guru Parashurama about his caste. Now, such a lie is considered by Manu as a grave offence.
11.55. Falsely attributing to oneself high birth, giving information to the king (regarding a crime), and falsely accusing
one’s teacher, (are offences) equal ...
One of the meanings of vīra is son. It also mean warrior or Kshatriya.
And, one of the meanings of vīrahatyā is murder of son.
Also, other translation of Manu Smriti 11.41 verse is as below
A Brahmana who, being an Agnihotrin, voluntarily neglects the sacred fires, shall perform a lunar penance during one month; for that (offence) is equal to the ...
The ancestral offerings are more important than the performance of rites dedicated to gods. Anyone not doing them properly becomes impure and hence unfit to perform any other rituals. And, this impurity is a permanent one unlike the impurities related to birth/death.
Manu Smriti 3.203. For twice-born men the rite in honour of the
manes is more important ...
When you destroy life-forms, whether plants or animals, for entirely your own needs, then then that is regarded as a sin or bad karma in Hinduism.
Manu Smriti also asks the ruler (or King) to impose fines when some trees are destroyed or even injured, based on their usefulness.
8.285. According to the usefulness of the several (kinds of) trees a fine must ...
Yes, farmers have the right to kill pests. Providing food to humans trumps the sin due to violence against pests.
Agriculture also kills small creatures
Tuladhara said, ‘People regard the profession of agriculture to be
sinless. That profession, however, is certainly frought with cruelty.
The iron-faced plough wounds the soil and many creatures ...
A practical and easy prayaschitta measure that is effective in removing all kinds of sins is called Tula Purusha.
It involves the making of gifts(donation of) any substance equal to one's own weight to a male human being .Most people make such donations to temples of male Gods.
The chandrayana penance, the eating of unripe barley, the form of ...
The Smritis give us penances for all sorts of sins committed.Some even give you penances for accidentally killing animals.But many of these penances will look outdated or at least will be difficult to perform for someone living in this age.
In any case here are a few of them:
By [consciously] killing a frog, mongoose, crow, cat, boar, mouse or a
There are methods to reduce the effect of bad karmas.
Yudhisthira says,'…a perpetrated sin is expiated by auspicious acts,
by publishing it wildly, by repentance, by alms-giving, by penances,
by trips to tirthas after renunciation of everything, by constant
meditation on the scriptures. Of all these, he that has practiced
renunciation is believed to be ...
Can one get rid of their bad karma by self-inflicting pain?
DISCLAIMER: Do not try the following at home although Manusmṛti recommends it. Also, your state/local laws may not allow this.
For a certain sins, Manusmṛti actually recommends physically harming oneself:
Expiation of drinking Wine (surā)
A twice-born person, having, through folly, drunk wine, ...
There is this following verse (11.140) which supports the commentator's interpretation (mentioned in this answer), that when a number of animals have been killed, one must perform the penance of killing a human being viz: a Shudra.
Manu 11.140. But for destroying one thousand (small) animals that have
bones, or a whole cart-load of boneless (animals), he ...
It is not a sin for the girl. It is a sin for the father. Because, as per the Smritis, a young girl is not allowed to act independently or take independent decisions.
At that time, when marriage is supposed to occur, she should be under the control and protection of her father and so it's the father's responsibility to marry her off at the correct time.
By undertaking a sea voyage one losses caste. Such people should be avoided at Sraddhas as said in Smritis like Manu etc.
The Baudhayana Dharma Sutras (BDS) also gives the remedy of that sin.
1 Next, the sins causing loss of caste: stealing a Brahmin’s property
or a deposit; undertaking a sea voyage; bearing false witness with regard to
land; trading ...
Yes. Why not? Why would you think it better to save a small insect rather than to see a human slowly starve to death?? Do you not think the karma of killing a small insect is less than the karma of contributing to the death of a human? Krishna says in the Gita 18.47-48 (Swami Nikhilananda translator):
Better is one's own dharma, though imperfect, than ...
Please accept my condolences on your's grandmother's departure.
It is unfortunate that no rites were done just because she didn't have a son. I have to address this first before talking about prayaschitta.
In his book "Pithru Poojanam" (there is no online link for this book, sorry), Brahmasri Rajagopala Ganapaadi has mentioned a hierarchy of relations who ...
I am reproducing the question part:
Dasharatha killed a brahmin (unintentionally) and didn't leave his
kingdom for forest.
Pandu killed brahmin and left kingdom.
Rama killed Ravana, a brahmin, and didn't do anything as parihara.
What are the parihara for sins of brahmin killing?
Let me answer point-wise:
Dasaratha never killed any ...
The remedy for the couples who doesn't have child is mentioned in Chapter 63 - Of Varaha Purana - PutraPrapti Vrata. This vrata is worshiping Lord Vishnu as Shree Krishna.
Here is the entire Vrata with the description of Homa you enquired from varaha Purana.
Agastya Said -
1 : O king now listen to the brief account of the Putra-Prapti Vrata ,
In the language of the Smritis, one who's not initiated into the Gayatri is a Sudra or a Vratya and both are equal as far as rights regarding rituals, chanting Vedic Mantras are concerned.
But, i have read in a book (which is not a scripture but based on them), that if a Sudra (basically take it to mean an uninitiated person and not something derogatory) ...
Medhatithi in his commentary for this verse says:
Inasmuch as the expiation prescribed is a heavy one, it should be understood as applying to a case where all these animals have been killed.
The purpose of this verse is to enjoin the type of penance that must be done for killing all these animals together.
So, the verse is saying that the penance (...
Here is what this chapter of the Manu Smriti says:
He who has slain a Sudra, shall perform that whole penance during six months, or he may also give ten white cows and one bull to a Brahmana.
Having killed a cat, an ichneumon, a blue jay, a frog, a dog, an iguana, an owl, or a crow, he shall perform the penance for the murder of a Sudra;
Or he may drink ...
There is actually one. Because of Bhima's giant appetite he was not able to fast for a complete day, so Krishna explained that if could fast once a year on Jyestha Shukla Ekadashi, which is the hottest and longest solar day of the year, it would be equal to have fasted all the various ekadasis of the year. So, this is considered a sort of prayaschitta for ...
Hinduism allows one to fast unto death under certain circumstances.
The prince, the ape Angada, was immensely wise, with thick and long
arms and shoulders like that of a lion or a bull. He spoke these
words, 'All of us followed the instructions of the king of the apes
and left. O apes! Do you not realize that we spent an entire month
inside the ...
How is prāyaścitta different from daṇḍa? Are both complementary to each other?
Prayaschitta and regal punishments (danda) both serve the same purpose: destroying the sin of the crime or sinful activity that was committed.
According to Hinduism, the king's duty is to enforce dharma and prevent adharma (sins); there is no separation of church and state. So, ...