In Hinduism the sin of Brahminicide is considered as one of the most grave sins. Now, claiming (falsely) oneself to be someone of a higher caste is regarded as a similar offence.
This is as per the Manu Smriti.
Manu Smriti 11.55. Falsely attributing to oneself high birth,
giving information to the king (regarding a crime), and falsely
accusing one’s ...
Chapter 8, Vidyeswara Samhita of Shiva Mahapurana says Shiva created "Kala Bhairava" from his eyebrows to behead Brahma when Brahma lied about top of infinite Linga. Bhairava is nothing but Lord Shiva as described in this answer (translated by Shantilal Nagar)
ससर्जाथ महादेवः पुरुषं कञ्चिदद्भुतम्। भैरवाख्यं
Do entire countries suffer punishment for their sins?
Yes, Lord Rudra destroys evil countries.
From the Mahabharata:
In consequence of the sins perpetrated by sinful men, the god Rudra
appears in the kingdom. Indeed, the sinful by their sins bring upon
them that god of vengeance. He then destroys all, the honest and the
wicked alike (without ...
Does Hinduism have a notion of proportionate punishment?
Yes, some crimes are greater than other crimes. Also, crimes done intentionally are more punishable than crimes done unintentionally. The punishment for a crime is based on circumstances.
From the same Manusmriti:
7.16 - To men who act unlawfully, he shall mete it out appropriately, having ...
Mr_Green's answer describes it all. So I would just like to add few more words and give the scripture references.
Some authorities say that there is a total of twenty-one hellish planets, and some say twenty-eight. My dear King, I shall outline all of them according to their names, forms and symptoms. The names of the different hells are as follows:
"Why can't we enter in the heaven with the human body?"
Followers of Dharma Can enter the heaven with physical body.
There are at least 2 instances.
Sudarshana and his granddaughter-wife Oghavati (as half)
“O Sudarsana! I am Dharma Devata. (Deity of Dharma). I have come to test your mind and your devotion towards guests. Mruthyu is waiting to ...
According to Manusmriti:
A husband under no circumstances shall betray the trust, respect and honor of his wife, for another woman; for it will bring shame to himself, his family and wrath of God in afterlife.
So, as you can read Manusmriti law doesn't allow it and tells about consecutive punishment.
Taken from laws-for-husband-and-wife-in-hinduism-...
The following verse says that the sin a Brahmin commits by teaching someone who is undeserved is removed by Japa (reciting sacred texts) and Homa (burnt offerings).
Manu Smriti 10.111. The guilt incurred by offering sacrifices for
teaching (unworthy men) is removed by muttering (sacred texts) and by
burnt offerings, but that incurred by accepting ...
Vedanta says that moral excellence is necessary for moksha or liberation. It is a simple fact that most people are morally imperfect. If you don’t accept the concept of reincarnation then you will have to face the question as to what happens to people who are morally imperfect. Do these people end up eternally in hell or do they cease to exist? If you choose ...
The answer to the question in the title is NO.
There are punishments given for verbal abuses in the Manu Smriti but those are not death penalty.
The punishments are based on the Varnas of the persons involved.
In most of the cases the penalty is just a fine as sanctioned by the king of the state. The only case where the punishment is severe is where a ...
Is Kushagni Pravesa a punishment mentioned in scripture?
Yes, it is a punishment for some crimes, as listed below:
Bṛhaspati (22. 27-28).—‘In the case of women, men, gold, gems, the
property of a deity or a Brāhmaṇa, silk and other precious things, the
fine shall be equal to the value of the article stolen; or double that
amount shall he inflicted ...
What can a king do to prevent Rudra from destroying his kingdom and
By offering the Ashvamedha.
After the sacrificial horse has been slain in the year-long Ashvamedha ritual performed by the king, the king offers three libations of blood of the horse to Rudra to appease him so he doesn't harm the cattle and citizens of the king's country.
How is prāyaścitta different from daṇḍa? Are both complementary to each other?
Prayaschitta and regal punishments (danda) both serve the same purpose: destroying the sin of the crime or sinful activity that was committed.
According to Hinduism, the king's duty is to enforce dharma and prevent adharma (sins); there is no separation of church and state. ...
This objection is actually brought up in the discourse between King Aila and Rishi Kashyap.
'If chastisement touches all viz., the honest and the wicked alike, in
consequence of the sins perpetrated by the sinful, why should men, in
that case, do acts that are good? Indeed, why should they not perform
And Kashyapa responds,...
No, God does not punish entire countries for their sins.
The theory of karma only applies to individuals. God remains detached from the universe. It is primordial nature that runs the universe. Please check Gita verses given below. Gita's teaching overrides anything in other scriptures since Gita is the king of smritis.
Resorting to Prakrti, Nature, ...