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Types of hell differ in each purana/smriti. From omshivgoraksh.blogspot: Manu Smriti                     - 21 hells Yajnavalkya Smriti           - 21 hells Bhagavata Purana      &...


9

Chapter 8, Vidyeswara Samhita of Shiva Mahapurana says Shiva created "Kala Bhairava" from his eyebrows to behead Brahma when Brahma lied about top of infinite Linga. Bhairava is nothing but Lord Shiva as described in this answer (translated by Shantilal Nagar) नन्दिकेश्वर उवाच ससर्जाथ महादेवः पुरुषं कञ्चिदद्भुतम्। भैरवाख्यं ध्रुवोर्मध्या...


8

Summary: (Read conclusion below for a summarised compact understanding, since answer is long.) Upapātaka doesn’t mean minor sin but general sin. There’s no hierarchy of sins per say except the 5 major ones and killing of women (or anyone) is in no way inferior. There is no differentiation between the killing of Men and women both have been accorded an ...


8

Why slaying a woman must be considered "just a minor offense" (upapataka) while killing a brahmin (ब्रह्म-हत्या) is a despicable unforgivable offense - mahapataka? Why such presumed inequality? Why did you cherry pick the mention of women from the verse and not the mention of kshatriyas, vaishyas, and shudras, which include men? Why shouldn't it ...


8

In Hinduism the sin of Brahminicide is considered as one of the most grave sins. Now, claiming (falsely) oneself to be someone of a higher caste is regarded as a similar offence. This is as per the Manu Smriti. Manu Smriti 11.55. Falsely attributing to oneself high birth, giving information to the king (regarding a crime), and falsely accusing one’s ...


5

Do entire countries suffer punishment for their sins? Yes, Lord Rudra destroys evil countries. From the Mahabharata: In consequence of the sins perpetrated by sinful men, the god Rudra appears in the kingdom. Indeed, the sinful by their sins bring upon them that god of vengeance. He then destroys all, the honest and the wicked alike (without making any ...


5

Does Hinduism have a notion of proportionate punishment? Yes, some crimes are greater than other crimes. Also, crimes done intentionally are more punishable than crimes done unintentionally. The punishment for a crime is based on circumstances. From the same Manusmriti: 7.16 - To men who act unlawfully, he shall mete it out appropriately, having ...


5

Mr_Green's answer describes it all. So I would just like to add few more words and give the scripture references. Some authorities say that there is a total of twenty-one hellish planets, and some say twenty-eight. My dear King, I shall outline all of them according to their names, forms and symptoms. The names of the different hells are as follows: ...


5

"Why can't we enter in the heaven with the human body?" Followers of Dharma Can enter the heaven with physical body. There are at least 2 instances. Sudarshana and his granddaughter-wife Oghavati (as half) “O Sudarsana! I am Dharma Devata. (Deity of Dharma). I have come to test your mind and your devotion towards guests. Mruthyu is waiting to ...


4

According to Manusmriti: A husband under no circumstances shall betray the trust, respect and honor of his wife, for another woman; for it will bring shame to himself, his family and wrath of God in afterlife. So, as you can read Manusmriti law doesn't allow it and tells about consecutive punishment. Taken from laws-for-husband-and-wife-in-hinduism-...


4

The following verse says that the sin a Brahmin commits by teaching someone who is undeserved is removed by Japa (reciting sacred texts) and Homa (burnt offerings). Manu Smriti 10.111. The guilt incurred by offering sacrifices for teaching (unworthy men) is removed by muttering (sacred texts) and by burnt offerings, but that incurred by accepting ...


4

Why slaying a woman must be considered "just a minor offense" (upapataka) while killing a brahmin (ब्रह्म-हत्या) is a despicable unforgivable offense - mahapataka? Why such presumed inequality? These are mere categorisation of offences with their after-affects. After-effects ain't tantamount to punishment from the king. It's neither a minor ...


3

Summary: No there are no such meanings to be derived from this verse. The verse is a prescription to the king to not succumb to arrogance and invite his ruin by provoking and dishonouring those who cannot be provoked/ dishonoured easily. Further the verse in no way intends to immunise anyone from from any sort of punishments with Manu explicitly mentioning ...


3

What can a king do to prevent Rudra from destroying his kingdom and people? By offering the Ashvamedha. After the sacrificial horse has been slain in the year-long Ashvamedha ritual performed by the king, the king offers three libations of blood of the horse to Rudra to appease him so he doesn't harm the cattle and citizens of the king's country. The ...


2

The answer to the question in the title is NO. There are punishments given for verbal abuses in the Manu Smriti but those are not death penalty. The punishments are based on the Varnas of the persons involved. In most of the cases the penalty is just a fine as sanctioned by the king of the state. The only case where the punishment is severe is where a ...


2

Is Kushagni Pravesa a punishment mentioned in scripture? Yes, it is a punishment for some crimes, as listed below: Bṛhaspati (22. 27-28).—‘In the case of women, men, gold, gems, the property of a deity or a Brāhmaṇa, silk and other precious things, the fine shall be equal to the value of the article stolen; or double that amount shall he inflicted ...


2

Vedanta says that moral excellence is necessary for moksha or liberation. It is a simple fact that most people are morally imperfect. If you don’t accept the concept of reincarnation then you will have to face the question as to what happens to people who are morally imperfect. Do these people end up eternally in hell or do they cease to exist? If you choose ...


2

How is prāyaścitta different from daṇḍa? Are both complementary to each other? Prayaschitta and regal punishments (danda) both serve the same purpose: destroying the sin of the crime or sinful activity that was committed. According to Hinduism, the king's duty is to enforce dharma and prevent adharma (sins); there is no separation of church and state. So, ...


1

If the crimes are imaginary only then it makes sense that the punishments are not literal. If crimes happened in real then apt punishments must also be delivered in real. So, the punishments are literal. If people can commit crime knowing that they won't be literally punished then that will be the height of unrighteousness and there will be complete ...


1

Manusmṛti allows a parent to discipline a child to keep them on the right path. Since a dharma śāstra itself is recommending this, there should be no bad karma as a result of this action. bhāryā putraśca dāsaśca preṣyo bhrātrā ca saudaraḥ | prāptāparādhāstāḍyāḥ syū rajjvā veṇudalena vā || 8.299 || The wife, the son, the slave, the servant and the uterine ...


1

Who shall pour hot spirituous liquor into the mouth of the brāhmaṇa? The king or fellow brāhmaṇas? Even though the text does say "they should", it is neither the king nor other Brahmanas, but only the Brahmana himself who has drunk sura (liquor from grains). Why? Because since this is a prayaschitta (penance), it is self-imposed. Moreover, the ...


1

Lord Balaji never punishes anyone. If you look into the history of Tirumala you will be admired how the process of vow fulfillment came into effect at Tirumala . https://www.tirumala.org/TempleLegend.aspx


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This objection is actually brought up in the discourse between King Aila and Rishi Kashyap. Aila says, 'If chastisement touches all viz., the honest and the wicked alike, in consequence of the sins perpetrated by the sinful, why should men, in that case, do acts that are good? Indeed, why should they not perform wicked acts?' And Kashyapa responds,...


1

No, God does not punish entire countries for their sins. The theory of karma only applies to individuals. God remains detached from the universe. It is primordial nature that runs the universe. Please check Gita verses given below. Gita's teaching overrides anything in other scriptures since Gita is the king of smritis. Resorting to Prakrti, Nature, ...


1

Fraudulent marriages may distinctly fall under "PishAcha" marriage (sub demonic), which is the lowest category among all types of marriages. According to Manusmruti, chapter 3, among 8 types of marriages, 2 of them, viz. Asura & PishAcha -- should never by practiced. When (a man) by stealth seduces a girl who is sleeping, intoxicated, or disordered ...


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