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Summary: (Read conclusion below for a summarised compact understanding, since answer is long.) Upapātaka doesn’t mean minor sin but general sin. There’s no hierarchy of sins per say except the 5 major ones and killing of women (or anyone) is in no way inferior. There is no differentiation between the killing of Men and women both have been accorded an ...


8

Why slaying a woman must be considered "just a minor offense" (upapataka) while killing a brahmin (ब्रह्म-हत्या) is a despicable unforgivable offense - mahapataka? Why such presumed inequality? Why did you cherry pick the mention of women from the verse and not the mention of kshatriyas, vaishyas, and shudras, which include men? Why shouldn't it ...


4

Why slaying a woman must be considered "just a minor offense" (upapataka) while killing a brahmin (ब्रह्म-हत्या) is a despicable unforgivable offense - mahapataka? Why such presumed inequality? These are mere categorisation of offences with their after-affects. After-effects ain't tantamount to punishment from the king. It's neither a minor ...


3

Summary: No there are no such meanings to be derived from this verse. The verse is a prescription to the king to not succumb to arrogance and invite his ruin by provoking and dishonouring those who cannot be provoked/ dishonoured easily. Further the verse in no way intends to immunise anyone from from any sort of punishments with Manu explicitly mentioning ...


1

If the crimes are imaginary only then it makes sense that the punishments are not literal. If crimes happened in real then apt punishments must also be delivered in real. So, the punishments are literal. If people can commit crime knowing that they won't be literally punished then that will be the height of unrighteousness and there will be complete ...


1

Who shall pour hot spirituous liquor into the mouth of the brāhmaṇa? The king or fellow brāhmaṇas? Even though the text does say "they should", it is neither the king nor other Brahmanas, but only the Brahmana himself who has drunk sura (liquor from grains). Why? Because since this is a prayaschitta (penance), it is self-imposed. Moreover, the ...


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