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Yes, the word 'Purusha' is used in several places like: प्रयाजान्मे अनुयाजाँश्च केवलानूर्जुस्वन्तं हविषो दत्त भागम्। घृतं चापा पुरुषं चौषधीनामग्नेश्च दीर्घमायुरस्तु देवा।। (RigVeda 10.51.8) prayājānme anuyājām̐śca kevalānūrjusvantaṃ haviṣo datta bhāgam। ghṛtaṃ cāpā puruṣaṃ cauṣadhīnāmagneśca dīrghamāyurastu devā।। हेति: पक्षिणी न दभा...


5

Usually ancient Sanskrit works do not have chapter names. There are only chapter numbers and the names of the chapters represent that. As can be seen here which shows the actual Sanskrit (some verses are pasted below). Hence it can only be an interpretation of the work. Since there is similarity with the creation described by the Purushasukta, I think the ...


5

What type of caste-system (varṇāśrama) does ISKCON advocate? Birth-based or guṇa-based? It seems ISKCON advocates guna based caste-system as mentioned in this commentary: Herein it is clearly stated by Nārada Muni that one should not be accepted as a brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya or śūdra according to birth, for although this is going on now, it is not ...


4

How did he interpret the Puruṣa-sūkta verse brāhmaṇo 'sya mukham ... padbhyāṃ śūdro ajāyata (brāhmaṇa was born from Puruṣa's mouth ... śūdra from his feet)? According to Swami Vivekananda, the Purusha Sukta does not imply a birth based caste system. He has mentioned this specifically in one of his letters. However, he does not elucidate why we should ...


4

Vivekananda advocated a return to a karma-guna based varna system and not the last name based jati system. Both the karma-guna based varna system and the last name based jati system are birth based. The present varna of a person is dependent on the past karma and guna in the karma-guna based varna system and a person can indeed transcend his varna through ...


4

A partial answer .. Are scriptures like Manu-smriti Veda-viruddha? No. Because Manu Smriti itself is criticizing such Veda-Viruddha scriptures. 12.95. All those traditions (smriti) and those despicable systems of philosophy, which are not based on the Veda, produce no reward after death; for they are declared to be founded on Darkness. 12.96. ...


4

Is Purusha (mentioned in Purusha suktam) same as Brahman (Parabrahman)? Yes, he is. The Purusha is described as the origin of the universe, the elements, all the Devas, all the worlds, and everything in creation: tasmAt virAd ajAyata From the Purusha was born the universe. He is also described as the being whom if a person knows, that person attains ...


3

W. Norman Brown in The Sources and Nature of puruṣa in the Puruṣasūkta says there are four other Rigvedic hymns that use the word puruṣa but in contexts very different from the Cosmic Being of the Puruṣasūkta. The word puruṣa occurs in four other hymns of the RV. Once it is used in the plural meaning "men" as contrasted with cows (10.165.3); once it is ...


1

Purusha Sukta appears in 10th Mandala. Many scholars inferred that both 1st and 10th Mandalas of Rig Veda, compared to 2nd to 7th Mandalas - the oldest part of the Rigveda, are younger. So the content in those 1st and 10th Mandalas is large (2006 and 1754 mantras respectively), compared to 2 to 7 Mandalas. Further, the expression of ideas also changes, ...


1

The Purusha sukta of Rig Veda is reiterated in Bhagavatam as well. Even 5th chapter of this 2nd canto has some correlation with Purusha Sukta. Some correlations are as follows: https://www.speakingtree.in/blog/purushasuktam sahasra-ś- īrṣā puruṣaḥ sahasrākṣaḥ sahasrapāt | sabhūmiṃ viśvato vṛtvā atyatiṣṭhad-daśāṅgulam- ||1|| The Perfect Being ...


1

Are scriptures like Manu-smriti Veda-viruddha? No, because the Veda itself supports the words of Manu. From the Taittiriya Samhita of the Krishna Yajur Veda: Whatever Manu has said is beneficial. Your next question: Does it go against the Vedas to prescribe different punishments for the same crime to different offsprings of Purusha? No, because the ...


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