We know that Lord Krishna and Radha are eternal lovers who dwell in Go-loka. In Goloka their pastimes are always going on. So as per BrahmaVaivarta Purana, in Goloka, before the manifestation of their pastime on earth, on one occasion Radharani had a heated argument with Shridama, the personal attendant of Krishna.
In course of their conversation ...
Srimati Radharani is mentioned in many Puranas like the Padma, Skanda, Narada, Brahmanda, Brahmavaivarta, Matsya, Shiva Puranas as well as the Devi Bhagavatam.
In the Padma Purana, her worship is mentioned in the 7th as well as 20th Chapters of the Bhumikanda (Volume 5 of Translation), in The Radhashtami and Radhadamodara Vrata.
Further, the Patalakhanda (...
Such Shlokas can be found in scriptures. For example, Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa) 9.4 has such shlokas (not explicitly for Radha but for all devotees in general):
अहं भक्तपराधीनो ह्यस्वतन्त्र इव द्विज
साधुभिर्ग्रस्तहृदयो भक्तैर्भक्तजनप्रियः ||०९०४०६३||
The Supreme Personality of Godhead (Lord Nārāyaṇa) said to the brāhmaṇa (Durvāsā ...
Yes most definitely she is a Hindu Goddess. She is mentioned in PurAnas as well as in the Tantras i.e Agamas.
In Brahma Vaivarta PurAna's Prakriti Khanda, it is mentioned that a beautiful and resplendent Devi appeared from Lord Krishna's left shoulder into the RAsamandala:
Devi vAmAmsha sambhutA vabhuva rAsamandale
This Devi or Goddess later got divided ...
I have also read these stories but haven't found any scriptural reference to support that assumption. They are not the same in literal terms however, in terms of their spiritual significance, Rukmini being the incarnation of Lakshmi does have the same level as Radha.
According to the 39th Chapter of the 9th Book of Devi Bhagavatam:
4-33. Nârâyana said :-- ...
Lord Krishna and Radharani are married according the Brahma Vaivarta Purana. They were married in the forest of Vrindavana by Lord Brahma. Read the full pastime here.
On the other hand, for the purpose of rasa, or spiritual mellow, Radha and Krishna are situated in the transcendental mellow of parakiya bhava. This mellow is exhibited between separated ...
Padma Purana , Patala Khanda, Chapter 71 (5.71.29-31) describes that Vrishabhanu, the father of Sri Radha perceived her to be motionless, blind and deaf and requested the sage Narada to have a look at her.
Then, when the best sage, after having talked to the excellent
cowherd, decided to go, Bhanu spoke to him like this: "O god, I have
(also) a ...
Goddess Radha's details are not found in Mahabharata, Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa) and Vishnu Purana etc. Though Brahmavaivarta Purana has detailed story about Goddess Radha and the answer to this question can be found in Brahmavaivarta Purana: Prakrti-Khandam: Chapter 49. Pronouncing of curse mutually by Radha and Sudama (p. 417):
36 In the ...
It turns out that the Harivamsa Southern Recension contains a chapter 'Krsnasya Nilaya Saha Vivahah', or the marriage of Krsna with Nila Devi. This chapter exactly tallies with the account of the Azhvars.
It states that Yashoda had a younger brother called Kumbhaka, who was famous for his piety. He had a wife called Dharmada, who true to her name, was a ...
In his Stotra-ratna (15), Yāmunācārya praises the Lord as follows:
vasi vadanyo gunavan njuh sucir
mridur dayalur madhurah sthirah samah
kriti kritajnas tvam asi sva-bhavatah
You are naturally controlled by the love of Your devotees, generous, virtuous, straightforward, honest, pure, gentle, merciful, charming, steadfast, ...
Chapter 49, Prakriti Khanda of Brahmavaivartara Purana describes birth of Radharani in detail.
Cosmic Radharani, who lives eternally with Sri Krishna in Goloka Vrindavana, was cursed by Sudama to born as human. Sri Krishna was once enjoying Rasamandalam with cowherdess Viraja in secluded place in cosmic Goloka and lakh of Manavatras passed away. Radharani ...
Besides the Brahma Vaivarta Purana mentioned in the other answer, the 39th Chapter of the 9th Book of Devi Bhagavatam also mentions the origin of both Radha and Lakshmi from Krishna:
4-33. Nârâyana said :-- Of old, in the beginning of the Prâkritik Creation, from the left side of Krisna, the Supreme Spirit, appeared in the Râsamandalam (the Figure Dance) a ...
RAdhA is not a deity of Shaktism. She belongs to Vaishnavism, where she is worshipped along with Krishna.
In Shaktism, the principle deities are 1. The Dasa MahAvidyAs (who are mainly worshipped according to Tantras) and 2. Goddess DurgA and her forms like the Nava-DurgAs (who are worshipped by PurAnic methods). Goddess Gauri, AmbikA, AnnapurnA also belong ...
This is a recurring theme throughout the scriptures. Krishna says in the Uddhava Gita, Chapter 9 (Uddhava Gita is in the 11th book of the Bhagavata), Swami Madhavananda translator:
Neither Brahma, nor Shiva, nor Balarama, nor Lakshmi, nor My own form is so dear to Me as you. [addressing Uddhava, who Krishna says is the supreme devotee of the Lord]
Because She is indeed half body of Shri Krishna in the following way:
आबिर्बभुव कन्यैका कृष्ण्स्य वामपार्श्वतः
धवित्वा पुष्पमानिय द्दातर्ध्य प्रभो पदे
रासे सम्भुय गोलोके सा दधाव हरे पुरः
तेन रधा समाख्याता पुराविद्भिद्विजोतम [BVP - 5.25,26]
Then a maiden manifested from the left portion of Shir Krishna. She ran and obtained flowers to ...
The purpose of devotional practices is to feel closer to one's deity or God. Closeness towards God will only increase if one thinks of God as a personal relative rather than the all powerful all knowing God. Hence, devotee saints suggest to practice devotion in the sentiments of a friend, parent, lover, etc. As the devotion towards God increases, the bhava ...
Only very few scholars think that Radha and Rukmani are same. Most of the scriptures say that they were different.
What happened to Rukmiṇī and other major wives of lord Krishna after he left?
rāma-patnyaś ca tad-deham
pradyumnādīn hareḥ snuṣāḥ
kṛṣṇa-patnyo ’viśann agniṁ
It is Krishnashtakam by Brahmananda.
You can read it in Sanskrit at Sanskrit Documents and English translation from Vedanta Spiritual Library.
॥ श्रीकृष्णाष्टक ब्रह्मानन्दविरचितं ॥
श्री गणेशाय नमः ।
चतुर्मुखादिसंस्तुतं समस्तसात्वतानुतम् ।
हलायुधादिसंयुतं नमामि राधिकाधिपम् ॥ १॥
Chathur mukhadhi samsthutham, samastha sthvathonutham,
Lord Krishna didn't marry Radha because
Lord Krishna wanted her to remain his sacred fire.
She would never have been able to find her Kanha in Krishna Vasudev.
This has been beautifully mentioned in Sri K.M.Munshi's Krishnavatara. Lord Krishna said-
'Uddhava, both you and my Big Brother have always upbraided me for leaving Radha behind in Vrindavan. ...
Most of the people here have given references from smritis and Tantras. But radha is mentioned in one of the 108 muktika canon upanishads. Namely Gopala tapani upanishad -
"The central character of the text is Radha who is described as the Shakti of Krishna, her devotion and discussion of Gopala Krishna. Gopala Krishna is presented as identical to the ...
We can guess two reasons:
Krishna himself likes indirect descriptions.
As can be seen from Bhagavata 11.21.35:
parokṣa-vādā ṛṣayaḥ parokṣaṁ mama ca priyam
The Vedic seers, however, deal in indirect terms as I am pleased by such indirect descriptions.
Hence, Shukadeva indirectly refers to Radha by using common nouns such as ‘Kaachit’ (One Girl), ‘...
The story seems to be from the Panduranga Mahatmya of the Padma Purana, which tells the story of the Krishna deity of the Panduranga Vitthoba temple. Here's how page 22 of this book summarizes the Panduranga Mahatmya's account:
It begins in Vaikunta. The time of action was a pleasant dusk. Sri Mahavishnu was seen absorbed then in the colourful spectacle ...
There is Gayatri Mantras for various deities mentioned here. Gayatri mantra for Devi Radha is as follows:
ॐ वृषभानुजायै विद्महे कृष्णप्रियायै धीमहि तन्नो राधा प्रचोदयात्॥
Om Vrishabhanujayai Vidhmahe
Thanno Radha Prachodayath.
Om, Let me meditate on the daughter of Vrishabhanu,
Oh, darling of Krishna, give me ...
The 39th Chapter of the 9th Book of Devi Bhagavatam also mentions the following about the origin of both Radha and Lakshmi from Krishna:
4-33. Nârâyana said :-- Of old, in the beginning of the Prâkritik Creation, from the left side of Krisna, the Supreme Spirit, appeared in the Râsamandalam (the Figure Dance) a Devî. She looked exceedingly handsome, of a ...
Yes, Bhakti can control Krishna and bhakti alone can control Krishna.
SB 11.14.20: My dear Uddhava, the unalloyed devotional service
rendered to Me by My devotees brings Me under their control. I cannot
be thus controlled by those engaged in mystic yoga, Sāṅkhya
philosophy, pious work, Vedic study, austerity or renunciation.
SB 9.4.63: The ...
As per Brahmavaivarta Purana: Prakrti-Khandam: Chapter 49. Pronouncing of curse mutually by Radha and Sudama:
46 In the sacred forest of Vrndavana in the land of Bharata, Krsna the lord of the cowherds enjoyed the company of Radha in Vrndavana for a short duration.
47 Thereafter because of the curse
of Sudama both of them were separated from
The oldest saints who were worshipers of Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa as far as we know today were Nimbarkis or Nimbarka Vaishnavas in the Nimbarka Sampradaya, see at wiki https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nimbarka_Sampradaya
According to the latest development in dating, Nimbarka also known as Nimbaditya lived in the 7th century which is about 1 to 2 centuries before ...
A brief answer, source linked at the end.
The love between Radha and Krishna is not a mundane love like in this material world. Therefore, we can't apply normal moralistic standards here.
Another story in the Brahma Vaivarta Purana states that they were indeed married by Lord Brahma
On a more esoteric level, Radha is married to Abhimanyu, who is but an ...