Sita and Rama waiting for kids for a long time can be reasoned in four ways.
It's completely their wish.
Having kids and when to have kids is upto the wish of the couple. Both sita and Rama know their dharma. Rama is hailed as embodiment of Dharma in Valmiki Ramayana. Moreover, there is no evidence of a person or a situation that forces them to have kids ...
As per Valmiki Ramayana, Sita Devi had no brothers. This was specified at time of Kaushilya admonishing Kaikeyi post Dasaratha's death.
वृद्धः चैव अल्प पुत्रः च वैदेहीम् अनिचिन्तयन् |
सो अपि शोक समाविष्टः ननु त्यक्ष्यति जीवितम् || २-६६-११
Janaka too who is aged, and who is not having sons, will be thinking of Sita, over whelmed with grief and will ...
According to the minor Sannyasa Upanishdas, there are different types of ascetics, whose sole purpose is to seek for liberation viz- Kuticaka, Bahudaka, Hamsa, Paramhamsa, Turiyatata and Avadhuta. Of these the first type (Kuticaka) is at the lowest stage of realisation and Avadhuta and Turiyatita at the highest stage. Of these,ONLY the last two are ...
There is no basis for this story in Valmiki Ramayana. Proof is provided in Ayodhya Kanda Ch 56.
अथ रात्र्याम् व्यतीतायाम् अवसुप्तम् अनन्तरम् |
प्रबोधयाम् आस शनैः लक्ष्मणम् रघु नन्दनः || २-५६-१
Then, Rama gently woke up Lakshmana, who was sleeping without break, even when the night was passing away.
स सुप्तः समये भ्रात्रा ...
Can someone help explain who is Mahendra?
It's another name of Indra, this is clear from this alternate translation:
Having addressed thus in a rage, Vali removed the golden garland gifted by Indra, his father, and stood ready for the combat. ~Source
Any references to how he obtained this pendant?
In above shlokas also, it's mentioned that it was given ...
For Mahābhārata, you can read Yuganta: The End of an Epoch by Irawati Karve. From the foreword to the book:
Irawati Karve studies the humanity of the Mahabharata's great figures and no one of them emerges for her as wholly good or wholly bad, few as even prevailingly good or prevailingly bad. Duryodhana, the arch villain of the work, had been humiliated ...
Ran into this question from a different discussion you are having elsewhere.
Shri Madhvacharya says the following in his anuvyAkhyaana --
na chetanavikAraH syAd.h yatra kvApi hyachetanam |
nAchetanavikAro.api chetanaH syAt kadAchana
In simple terms, a chetana never morphs to become an achetana i.e. jaDa and vice-versa. This is in the fourth pada of first ...