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27

Ravana was not able to force himself on Sita due to a curse he had received years earlier, as described in this excerpt from the Uttara Kanda of the Ramayana. Ravana and his army were once camped on mount Kailash, preparing to attack Devaloka (the kingdom of the gods), when he saw the Apsara (nymph) Rambha and was enchanted by her beauty. He propositioned ...


25

First of all, Indrajit never tried to use a Brahmastra, Narayanastra or Pashupatastra in the war (although he did use a Brahmastra against Hanuman during Hanuman's pror visit to Lanka, as I discuss in this answer). But he did once use another weapon of Shiva, the Raudrastra, although as I'll discuss below that was just to fight off one of Lakshmana's ...


25

Was Ravana actually a villain? Yes, he was. If by villain we mean someone who trades the path of unrighteousness then Ravana was nothing less than a villain: जप जोग बिरागा तप मख भागा श्रवन सुनइ दससीसा। आपुनु उठि धावइ रहै न पावइ धरि सब घालइ खीसा।। अस भ्रष्ट अचारा भा संसारा धर्म सुनिअ नहि काना। तेहि बहुबिधि त्रासइ देस निकासइ जो कह बेद पुराना।। [RCM -...


20

The story of Lanka is described in detail in the Uttara Kanda of the Ramayana. (The links in my answer link to different excerpts from the Uttara Kanda.) There were three Rakshasa (demon) brothers named Sumali, Mali, and Malyavan who obtained a boon of invincibility from Brahma and then told the divine architect Vishwakarma, "Erect a mansion for us ...


20

As you probably know, the birth of Rama and his brothers was caused by Dasharatha's wives drinking divine Payasa obtained from the fire of the Putrakameshti Yagna (ritual for having sons). As a result, the births occurred very close together, with Rama being just one day older than Bharata, Lakshmana, and Shatrugna, as described in this chapter of the Bala ...


19

Yes, Ravana did speak Sanskrit. In fact, in this chapter of the Sundara Kanda of the Valmiki Ramayana, Hanuman hesitates before speaking to Sita in Lanka, because he's afraid that Sita will mistake him for Ravana, since Hanuman spoke the same educated Sanskrit that Ravana spoke, as Ravana was a Brahmana: If I use Sanskrit language like a brahmin, Seetha ...


14

Ravana kidnapped maa Sita in the season of Hemanta (comes before winter) and had given Her twelve months time to make up Her decision to accept Ravana before his demons kill Her: शृणु मैथिलि मत् वाक्यम् मासान् द्वादश भामिनि || कालेन अनेन न अभ्येषि यदि माम् चारु हासिनि | ततः त्वाम् प्रातः आशा अर्थम् सूदाः छेत्स्यन्ति लेशशः || [VR - 3.56.24,25] ...


14

If we go by Uttar Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana then his act of Kidnapping Sita is also considered not bad. It is told he did it to get liberation from hand of Rama. The Story is in Section XLIII of Uttar Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana: Agastya Rishi is describing stories to Rama. Now he says: O king. I shall now again relate to thee another divine theme. O RAma ...


13

One important reason goes far back to even before Ravana was born. Ravan was actually one of the two gatekeepers at Lord Vishnu's abode Vaikuntha. Once, they stopped the four Sanat kumaras from entering into Vaikuntha and they got cursed. So they took take birth in demonic families as the Lord had desired: The Lord replied: O brāhmaṇas, know that the ...


13

As far as Ravana was concerned, he had a genuine enmity with Rama. But Ravana and Kumbhakarna were actually incarnations of two great devotees of Vishnu, Jaya and Vijaya. The story is told in this chapter and this chapter of the Srimad Bhagavatam. Among the oldest beings in creation are the Sanat Kumaras, four sages who are mind-born sons of Brahma, and ...


12

There are many variations to this story, few include Shiva and few do not. According to one story, after getting jealous with Devi Lakshmi's house, Devi Parvati demanded a better house for her. Lord Shiva first refused but later completed her wish and asked Vishwakarma to build a house which will be better than any existing house in the universe. So ...


12

Apparently the Mahabharata tells the story of Parashurama twice - once in the Vana Parva as I linked to in my question, but also once in the this chapter of the Shanti Parva. And it's the second version that has the answer to my question. It looks like after Kashyapa got control of the earth, Bhumidevi the goddess of the earth told Kashyapa to install ...


12

Yes, Ravana literally had ten heads. This excerpt from the Uttara Kanda of the Ramayana describes Ravana's birth: [T]he girl [Kaikeshi]... after a length of time brought forth a very terrible and hideous offspring having the form of a Rakshasa, — having ten necks, furnished with large teeth, and resembling a heap of collyrium, with coppery lips, twenty ...


12

Ramcharitmanas tells that 31 arrows flew simultaneously and 10 cut the heads of Ravana, 20 cut his arms and 1 hit the navel whereas Valmiki Ramayana tells that a single arrow hit Ravana's chest. As per Ramcharitmanas(Lanka kanda): चौ- खेंचि सरासन श्रवन लगि छाड़े सर इकतीस । रघुनायक सायक चले मानहु काल फनीस ।। 102 ।। Drawing the bow-string right up ...


11

The two great epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata have been so popular in expressing human nature and prescribing Dharma that every author, every culture has adopted them to suit their founding principles. The essay Three Hundred Ramayanam by A. K. Ramanujan is an excellent material for the comparative study of these various versions of that one eternal story ...


11

Ravana was born with ten heads. His birth is mentioned in the Chapter 9 of Uttara Kanda Uttara Kanda of Ramayana as well as this answer by user Keshav Srinivasan. It is written that he was born with ten heads. From Having been thus accosted, the girl, O Rama, after a length of time brought forth a very terrible and hideous offspring having the form ...


10

Contrary to popular belief, Sita was not the next birth of Brihaspati's granddaughter Vedavati. This confusion arises from an even more fundamental fact about the Ramayana that few people are familiar with: Sita was never kidnapped! That might seem shocking; in most people's understanding of the Ramayana, Ravana kidnaps Sita while Rama is lured away by ...


10

Lakshmana did not have a conversation with Ravana on his death bed; there was no time to have a such a conversation, since Ravana was killed as soon as he was struck by Rama's Brahmastra (which I discuss in this answer), as described in the Yuddha Kanda of the Ramayana: Making [the Brahmastra] sacred by a special formula as per the procedure specified in ...


10

No, he was not aware of this fact. Some of his well wishers tried to say this but he abused them and rejected their advices saying Sri Rama was a human being. Many advised him that Sri Rama was not an ordinary human being. He ignored them too. As I discuss in this answer, Vibhishana and Malyavan, maternal grandfather of Ravana advised Ravana to make peace ...


8

As I discuss in my answer here Padma Purana, Patala Khanda chapter 36 gives each and every Tithi of Ramas life in detail. It states: दशैकाधिकमासांस्तुचतुर्दशाहानिमैथिली । उवासरामरहितारावणस्यानिवेशने ।। द्विचत्वारिंशकवर्षेरामोराज्यमकारयत । Maithill (i.e. Sita) lived without Rama in the house of Ravana for eleven months and fourteen days. Rama ...


8

The story is told in this excerpt from the Uttara Kanda of the Ramayana. Ravana was told by his father Vishravas that he should attain the status of his half-brother Kubera the god of wealth. (Kubera and Ravana were both sons of Vishravas, but they had different mothers.). So Ravana, along with his brothers Kumbhakarna and Vibhishana, went to the hermitage ...


8

Rama did not kill Ravana with Vasishta's weapon.. As I discuss in this answer, Rama killed Ravana with a Brahmastra, and it was given to him by the sage Agastya, not his guru Vasishta. Here is how the Yuddha Kanda of the Ramayana describes it: Then, the valiant Rama, who was reminded thus by Matali, took hold of a blazing arrow, which was given by Brahma ...


8

Ravana was not a vegetarian. As per UTTARA KANDA of Valmiki Ramayana, this is what Ravana did in king Marutta's Maheshvara yajna: And then devouring the Maharshis that were present at the place of sacrifice, Ravana, satiated with their blood, again went to the earth. (English translation source) The complete story of king Marutta's Maheshvara yajna is ...


7

Vali was given enough of chances by Sugriva. Sugriva wanted peace, but Vali denied this. Lord Rama knew this, so there is no point in giving Vali another chance. Further, to follow dharma, Lord Rama also gave Vali a chance to fight with bravery against Lord Rama himself. He had promised Vali that he will be given a chance to avenge his unjust1 murder. See ...


7

In the famous dialogue between Yama (in form of Yaksha) and King Yudhishthira there is mention about the eligibility to be a a brahmin. The verse goes as follows(Question no-31): The Yaksha asked,—“By what, O king, birth, behaviour, study, or learning both a person become a Brahmana? Tell us with certitude!” Yudhishthira answered,-“Listen, O Yaksha! It ...


7

The story is told in this chapter of the Uttara Kanda of the Ramayana. Ravana is going around in the Patalalokas, trying to conquer everything in sight, when he comes across a palace, which he soon discovers to be the palace of the demon Mahabali. As I discuss in this answer, after Vishnu's incarnation Vamana the dwarf defeated Mahabali, Mahabali was ...


7

The purpose behind Lord Hanumanas act of burning Lanka -: Lord Hanuman thought that burning the Lanka will bring some small help to Lord Rama in his task of freeing Devi Sita. दुर्गे विनाशिते कर्म भवेत् सुख परिश्रमम् | अल्प यत्नेन कार्ये अस्मिन् मम स्यात् सफलः श्रमः || ५-५४-४ durge = (While) the fort; vinaashite = is destroyed;karma = the task; ...


7

The story of Ravana's name occurs in Chapter 16 of the Uttara-Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana. The Sanskrit text has been taken from Srimad Valmiki Ramayana Uttar Kanda by DP Sharma and Sanskrit Documents. Since the story is a bit long I'm only linking specific verses here. After Dashanana usurps Kubera's Alkapuri and Pushpaka Vimana he moves towards Kailasha ...


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