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27

Yes, it does. To know why we have to reborn even though we underwent & experienced some karmic outcome in the same life we need to understand the three types of Karma, viz. sanchita or arjita(accumulated/stored/preserved), prārabdha(preordained/ripe) and kriyamāna or āgama (accumulating/ongoing/current): prārabdhāgāmyarjitāni karmatrayamitīritam [...


23

This chapter of the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata describes exactly who incarnated as each of the major characters in the Mahabharata. It's too long a chapter to quote the whole thing here, so let me just address some important people. I discuss the previous births of Draupadi and the Pandavas here. As you said, Bhishma was an incarnation of one of the ...


20

Does it occur? Yes, it does. As per Bhagavad Gita: jātasya hi dhruvo mṛtyur dhruvaṁ janma mṛtasya ca [BG- 2.27] - Death is certain after birth and birth is certain after death. Will everyone be reborn? No, not every one will reborn. One who attains liberation (merges in the absolute or attains God) will not reborn. So the Gita says: mām upetya tu ...


14

No, animals don't attain moksha. Because the natural order is as below: sthāvarāḥ krimayo'vjāśca pakṣiṇaḥ paśavo narāḥ dārmmakāstridaśāstadūnamokṣiṇaśca yathākramam [VP - 2.6.34] Meaning After experiencing the sufferings of hell, the sinners go through the various stages of existence in the following order: immovable trees, worms, birds, animals, ...


14

The answer to this question is linked to the concept of residual karma. This residual karma idea and what happens to evil-doers is explained in Brahma Sutra. But of others (i.e. those who have not performed sacrifices etc.) the ascent is to the abode of Yama, and after having experienced (the results of their evil works) the descent (to the earth again ...


14

According to the Garbha Upanishad, the soul can remember its past life when it is 9 months old in the womb: Whatever is consumed or drunk by the mother passes through the nerves and vessels to the child, becoming the source of his satisfaction. During the ninth month, all outer signs attain completeness. And he is reminded of his previous birth, and ...


13

"But this concept is conspicuously absent in Hinduism" Nothing is farther from the truth. The Garuda Purana describes in great detail how Yama the god of death judges each soul based on Chitragupta's listing of the person's good deeds and bad deeds: The sinful man cries when he hears the mingled wails of "Oh, Oh," and having heard his cry, those who walk ...


13

Ayurvedic texts are not Veda. The Chhandogya Upanishad (V. x. 5-6.) answers this question directly. It says Having dwelt there [in the lunar world] till their [good] works are consumed, they return again the same way they came. They [first] reach the akasha, and from the akasha the air. Having become air, they become smoke; having become smoke, they ...


12

Patanjali Yoga Sutra III.18 says: By making samyama on previous thought-waves, one obtains knowledge of one's past lives. The basic idea is that every thought remains in a subtle form even after it is gone from our conscious mind. Thus one can though Yoga bring these subtle thoughts back into the conscious mind. This can even be done for previous ...


11

Souls are never actually created; here is what Krishna tells Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita: Never was there a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor all these kings; nor in the future shall any of us cease to be.... For the soul there is neither birth nor death at any time. He has not come into being, does not come into being, and will not come into being. ...


11

No, not immediately. As per the scriptures, depending upon his good/virtuous and bad/sinful actions, the jivatama will be taken to Yama and after judgement he will first experience the results of his actions accordingly either in heaven or hell [Agni Pu. - 203.5]. Only after he has experienced those that he will obtain another body on earth. So to answer ...


11

Yes, this is a possibility according to the Vedanta schools of Sri Madhva and Sri Vallabha. This view is based on the following shloka: O son of Kunti! Falling into demoniac wombs, in life after life, they go to still lower states of degradation, without attaining Me. Gita 16.20 On the basis of such texts, some schools of Vedanta like those of Sri ...


10

What happens if anyone is not believing in God? What happens to the human in afterlife if he does not believe in any God and any theory related to god? The answers of these questions are provided in Shreemad Bhagvat Gita by Shree Krishna. Here Shree Krishna is exactly telling Arjuna about this. अश्रद्दधानाः पुरुषा धर्मस्यास्य परन्तप।  अप्राप्य मां नि...


10

The same question was asked to Sri Swami Sivananda. He answers this question in his book "May I Answer That?" 267. When the Jiva undergoes transmigration and takes another birth after leaving this physical body, is it necessary that we should perform the Shraddha ceremony for him? He is no more in the heavens. To whom will the ablations go? The ...


10

Prayer, PujA (worship) etc can remove sins committed in infinite number of our past lives. Here is a proof that prayer in the form Mantra Japa can do it: Lakshyadwayen pApAni saptajanmakritAnyapi | NAsayet TripurA devi sAdhakasya na samsayaha || JaptvA lakshyatrayam mantri yantrito mantra vigraha | PAtakam nAsayedAsu yadi janmasahasragam || ........


9

First of all, there is no starting point for the soul; here's what Krishna tells Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita: Never was there a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor all these kings; nor in the future shall any of us cease to be.... For the soul there is neither birth nor death at any time. He has not come into being, does not come into being, and will ...


9

The life cycle of a soul is very simple. In course of time it emerges from God, takes up material bodies and revolves in samsara and back into God goes it again. yathā sudīptāt pāvakādvisphuliṅgāḥ sahasraśaḥ prabhavante sarūpāḥ tathā'kṣarādvividhāḥ somya bhāvāḥ prajāyante tatra caivāpi yanti [Mundak Up. 2.1.1] Meaning Just like from a well ...


8

Is it considered ultimate to be reborn as a human? In Hinduism, it is considered ultimate to be not born at all. Jivas being part of God exist in different kinds of bodies starting from insects and humans on earth to gods and demons in heaven and hell. But any kind of such material existence being under the influence of repeated death and birth, has always ...


8

You said, "sinners go to Naraka (Hell)", yeah true. But what happened to the "sinner" there? Scriptures say, they get tormented in ways that can't be imagined. Who is the Sinner then? Note that the sinner's body is dead now. Whats left is the soul, and that ONLY should pass on to other Lokas e.g Heaven or Hell. Soul = "Atma" + a Subtle body i.e Jeevatma. Now ...


8

Yes, as outlined by the other answers the souls is not created, but it is eternal. This is agreed upon by all the schools of Vedanta and has been commented on by Sankara, Bhaskara, Ramanuja, Madhva, and Vallabha. Madhava says that the Vedanta Sutras (II. iii. 11-50) that refer to its birth are in reference to its Upadhis, the body, etc. Ramanuja says that ...


8

Agastya is an incarnation of both Agni and Vayu. I found the answer in this excerpt from the Matsya Puranas. Once a bunch of Asuras hid themselves in the ocean, so Indra ordered Agni and Vayu to dry up the ocean. But Agni and Vayu refused, because the ocean is home to so many creatures. Indra was furious, and cursed them to take birth as a sage: There ...


8

From history it is evident that whoever revives Dharma in difficult times almost single-handedly is being considered as Avatar of God. Going by this definition in the recent past, in Mughal era, Chhatrapati Shivaji in Maharashtra could be called as an Avatar. Similarly, at the time of Vivekanand, Christian missionaries were raising huge funds in the ...


8

Why is man mortal? We are not mortal. In fact no living being in true sense is mortal. it is only owing to our ignorance that we think that we are being born, growing, dying etc. in Bhagavad Geeta Krishna Says: As the embodied soul continuously passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at ...


8

Is there any story, about born on opposite sex? Yes, there is a story of King Puranjana in Shreemad Bhagvat purana, where the King Puranjana was reborn as women- SB 4.28 : Purañjana Becomes a woman in the next Life. This is an ancient story told by Narada to king Prachinbarhi. Background - This is a story of King Puranjana who was engaged in sense ...


8

According to the Patanjali Yoga Sutras (with translation and commentary by Swami Vivekananda) a Yogi can know past and future by employing a technique called Samayana. To know what Samayana is you just need to go through the Vibhuti Pada section of that text. In short, Dharana, Dhyanam and Samadhi, when done at the same time, is called Samayana. Sutra 16 ...


7

The simple answer is, for getting punishment of the committed sins. But then the question becomes, as you have raised, why someone would experience the results in hell when he has to also experience the results of his bad actions on earth itself? This is a nice question. It is known as the problem of double retribution. To understand the reason of why or ...


7

It is not necessarily that one only experiences his karma in this life or the next one. For example, there are numerous references in the Puranas (Padma, Skanda, etc) that state that for a particular action, one will have to take birth as a dog for 100 lives. So the actions have the power to act in many lives going forward. To answer this question fully, it ...


7

Until Moksa is attained, all beings have to go through an endless cycle of birth and death. Some say that if a person has committed an especially heinous sin, the jiva may find itself in hell for some time. But nothing is forever, except Brahman. After suffering in hell for the karmic deed that sent it there, it will be reborn. Likewise with heaven. But ...


7

No, we might not be worshiping a dead god. Let me explain. Indra is not a god, but a position. The king of the heaven is known as Indra. It's just like the position of president. So just like when the president dies or retires, some one else takes up his place, whenever the acting Indra retires, someone other eligible jiva takes up his place. Hence, because ...


7

God does not keep it from you, you keep it from you. Patanjali tells how a person can remember their previous births in his Yoga Aphorisms. Swami Vivekananda was asked if he remembered his previous births, and he replied yes, but would give no details. Ordinary memory is a function of the mind. Most people cannot remember most of the events of this life. ...


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