There is a minor mistake in the explanation. You are not the body. The one changing bodies is the atma. You are the soul (atma). One should identify themselves as the soul which is non different and not the body.
na tv evāhaḿ jātu nāsaḿ na tvaḿ neme janādhipāḥ
na caiva na bhaviṣyāmaḥ sarve vayam ataḥ param Bhagavad Gita 2.12
Never was there ...
Do gods like Brahma, Vishnu, Indra and Yama, in their Lokas, have bodies or are they just Atmans?
Yes they have bodies according to the Brahma Sutras.
Ramanujacharya in his Sri Bhashya says:
The devas, from Brahma downward, possess a body and sense-organs, is declared in all the Upanishads.
The dharmasâstras, itihâsas, and purânas also, which are ...
Irrespective of the knowledge that one possesses, respect that one commands, kindness one shows towards one's fellow beings, death is inevitable (B.G.2.27).
It is quite waste of time in trying to understand/fathom the Natural Laws set by the Almighty. Understanding the origin of this world, the life and Death, etc, come under this category.
Seers of Vedic ...
I am answering this question acording to the Garuda Purana
Jiva loses the memory of its previous births at the moment he comes out of the mother's womb.
It has been mentioned multiple times in the Garuda Purana.
The following is the statement made by the lord Vishnu in conversation with Garuda stating that the human forgets the knowledge of previous births ...
I want to know whether this "i" is affected by karma or not
Yes it is. You are the Atma, the "I", and you are affected by the Karma that you do.
who is the real Doer of all karmas ?
You, the Atma, are the doer of all karmas.
All Hindu scriptures state this. For example, the Manusmriti:
Section: The Responsible Agent: the Self
12.12 - ...
Sūktas 14 to 18 of Maṇḍala 10 relate to the cremation of a person who has died. Most of these sūktas form a single narrative so they should ideally be read together. In sūkta 16 verse 5, Agni is being addressed, seemingly by the priest, while the body is actually being cremated. पुनर् is a separate word ('again' or 'back') that just happens to be next to '...
Due to cyclic nature of time, there is nothing like first birth. Lord Krishna explains this [to Arjuna] in Gita 2.12:
न त्वेवाहं जातु नासं न त्वं नेमे जनाधिपाः।
न चैव न भविष्यामः सर्वे वयमतः परम्।।2.12।।
There never was a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor any of these kings of men. Nor will there be any time in future when all of us shall ...
shariram brahma prAvishat |
Brahman has entered this body (AV 11.8.30)
rucham brAhmam janayantah, devA agre tat abruva, yastu evam brAhmano
vidyAt, tasya deva asan vashe ||
When the gods got the revelation of knowledge of Brahman they declared
the teaching about That. That sage who knows the Supreme as described
before will have sovereignty over ...
This is a partial answer.
Reincarnation and Karma
Burn him not up, nor quite consume him, Agni: let not his body or his
skin be scattered. O Jatavedas, when thou hast matured him, then send
him on his way unto the Fathers.
When thou hast made him ready, Jatavedas, then do thou give him over
to the Fathers. When he attains unto the life that waits him, he ...
jaya-kāle tu sattvasya
devarṣīn rajaso 'surān
"When the quality of goodness is prominent, the sages and demigods flourish with the help of that quality, with which they are infused and surcharged by the Supreme Lord. Similarly, when the mode of passion is prominent the demons flourish, and ...
Nothing happens to the Atman which is merely a witness. It is the subtle body (embodied self) that is affected by death and reincarnates.
'Just as a man gives up old garments and puts on new ones, so the
embodied self abandons decrepit bodies and assumes new ones.'
What happens immediately after death?
‘When he gets a new body or abandons an old ...
I have started with short answers, to your various doubts, then I have elaborated my answer to give you clear picture.
Is Moksha the end of samsara[sic]: No, it is not. You can achieve Moksha and still live in samsara.
i.e: the end of reincarnation, the end of repeated cycles of reincarnation.[sic]`: Yes, and No.
Or it is the end of suffering[sic]: Yes ...
The point that is being missed here is that the theory of karma is not based on pratyakSha pramANa (direct observation), but anumAna pramANa (inference).
Nobody has witnessed the previous life of the house-owner to certify that he committed some sin, because of which he is suffering this loss in his present life. It is only from inferring that because he ...
The questions are:
Can Atma makes karma or sin?
What is the first karma that Atma made that forced him to become
animal or human?
1) In a nutshell the answer would be Yes, individual self gets affected by its actions/karma. Here, Karma can be good or bad action and consequential enjoyment or suffering.
2) What is the first Karma that ...
Good question (of its kind) !!
First we need to know basics of the Vedic "tatva" science. The three eternal elements, Brahman/God, Jiva/atma and Maya. All three are neither created nor destroyed. Brahman, however, can control (govern) both Jiva and Maya. The Brahman is the cause of transformation of the material energy, maya, into its gross and ...
Atma is a completely isolated "pratyak" meaning just knows itself as "aham" "I"..and nothing else.. of course without its existence in a body with five indriyas nothing..rather..no karma takes place.
ITB s still a mystery how this pratyaktvanm.of a jeevatma..is linked to all punya and Papa karmas ..this life or any life before or after.
If one were to talk ...
It is detailed in the Bhaviṣya Purāṇa in this section:
....At this Shiv said - "Because you are all the devotee of Shree Krishna that is why I am protecting you otherwise you were all worth of being killed. You all will have to suffer for this by taking birth in Kali Yug." and he got disappeared....
... Although my words will not be a lie, still ...