11

By seeing an alternate translation of that verse, i.e. Rig Veda 10.18.8, it says the opposite of Sati. Rise, woman, (and go) to the world of living beings: come, this man near whom you sleep is lifeless: you have enjoyed this state of being the wife of your husband, the suitor who took you by the band. Also, there is commentary from Saynacharya ...


10

Yes, the word 'Purusha' is used in several places like: प्रयाजान्मे अनुयाजाँश्च केवलानूर्जुस्वन्तं हविषो दत्त भागम्। घृतं चापा पुरुषं चौषधीनामग्नेश्च दीर्घमायुरस्तु देवा।। (RigVeda 10.51.8) prayājānme anuyājām̐śca kevalānūrjusvantaṃ haviṣo datta bhāgam। ghṛtaṃ cāpā puruṣaṃ cauṣadhīnāmagneśca dīrghamāyurastu devā।। हेति: पक्षिणी न दभा...


8

This is what the Rig Veda hymns say: reference Mandal 10 Sutak 85 Mantra 30 The hindi version clearly states that in certain condition if the husband engages with his wife then his body too will be affected. Rig Veda Book 8 Hymn 33 Mantra 19-20: 19 Cast down thine eyes and look not up. More closely set thy feet. Let none See what thy garment veils, ...


5

Explanatory notes by Ganganath Jha in his translation of Manusmṛti (with Medhātithi's Manubhāṣya) say that Manusmṛti 2.181 is referring to Taittirīya Āraṇyaka 1.30 (of Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda): 'Punarmām' – "This verse occurs in Taittirīya Āraṇyaka 1.30," – Buhler. 'Punarmāmaitvindriyam' – "Taittirīya Āraṇyaka 1.30. Such uses of texts are frequent in the ...


5

In A Concise Encyclopaedia of Hinduism (Vol. 3), Swami Harshananda explains how the Aṣṭaka method of division of the Ṛgveda is different from the Maṇḍala method. In this method, the 1028 sūktas (hymns) of Ṛgveda are divided into eight aṣṭakas (eighths). Each aṣṭaka is in turn subdivided into eight adhyāyas (lessons) and each adhyāya into several groups of 5-...


5

Are Vedas well-preserved or not? They are extremely well preserved. It is not just orthodox Vedic scholars who agree with this but even Western Indologists agree. Michael Witzel, who is the most profound and influential Western Indologist of current and recent times, Wales Professor of Sanskrit at Harvard University, and the "king" of the modern iteration ...


4

Yes, Bāṣkala was one of the disciplines of Paila who has received Rigveda Samhita from VedaVyasa. As graphically represented in this answer: Refer 54th verse of Srimad Bhagvata Canto 4, Chapter 6 where Bashkala is clearly mentioned as one direct discipline of Paila. पैलः स्वसंहितामूचे इन्द्रप्रमितये मुनिः बाष्कलाय च सोऽप्याह शिष्येभ्यः संहितां स्वका...


4

The complete version is available at this link of Sri Aurobindo Ashrama. अवो॑चाम॒ नमो॑ अस्मा अव॒स्यवः॑ शृ॒णोतु॑ नो॒ हवं॑ रु॒द्रो म॒रुत्वा॑न् । तन्नो॑ मि॒त्रो वरु॑णो मामहंता॒मदि॑तिः॒ सिंधुः॑ पृथि॒वी उ॒त द्यौः ॥ avocāma ǀ namaḥ ǀ asmai ǀ avasyavaḥ ǀ śṛṇotu ǀ naḥ ǀ havam ǀ rudraḥ ǀ marutvān ǀ tat ǀ naḥ ǀ mitraḥ ǀ varuṇaḥ ǀ mamahantām ǀ ...


3

According to the Oxford translation by Stephanie W. Jamison and Joel P. Brereton, the verse is referring to Dasyus. As the translators note, it's not referring to dark-skinned people but people that represent powers of darkness. VII.5 (521) Agni Vaiśvānara Vasiṣṭha Maitrāvaruṇi 9 verses: triṣṭubh The hymn invokes Agni as both the fire on ...


3

W. Norman Brown in The Sources and Nature of puruṣa in the Puruṣasūkta says there are four other Rigvedic hymns that use the word puruṣa but in contexts very different from the Cosmic Being of the Puruṣasūkta. The word puruṣa occurs in four other hymns of the RV. Once it is used in the plural meaning "men" as contrasted with cows (10.165.3); once it is ...


3

Please review the following hindi translation of the same verse Rig Veda 10.59.7: Which basically translates differently to what you posted, it says: Earth, space and mid-air again provides us the vital energy (prana), somdev again provides us the physical ability and pushadev that feeds everything provides us compassionate voice, so that we are ...


3

Vedas and Kavyas are entirely different. Vedas are called Apaurusheya which means authorless. They were heard. Ramayana is a kavya written by man - Valmiki. Valmiki written the story of Rama using different words, analogies, embellishments, comparisons. Hence he is called Adi Kavi. Rigveda consists of mantras. Verses in Vedas are called mantras. These ...


3

The story of Indra and Vṛtra is metaphorical as explained below. Since you cited a quote from the Rig Veda. Therefore, in the first place, the question of Viṣṇu helping Indra has to be understood in the context of the primary sources namely Vedas and Brahmanas. In Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, it is stated that वृत्रो ह वा इदं सर्वं वृत्वा शिश्ये । यदिदमन्तरेण ...


3

Rig Veda I.164.45 says चत्वारि वाक परिमिता पदानि तानि विदुर्ब्राह्मणा ये मनीषिणः | गुहा तरीणि निहिता नेङगयन्ति तुरीयं वाचो मनुष्या वदन्ति || Four are the levels of speech that are measured, these the wise sages know. Three hidden in secrecy, they cannot manipulate, only with the fourth level of speech do humans talk. Rig Veda itself says, ...


2

The following is from another answer. Kutsa is mentioned in the Vedas in 40 to 50 different contexts. Kutsa asked Indra to help in decimating Ruru's enemies. Indra invited Kutsa to Indraloka to celebrate the victory. Rig Veda 4.16.10 mentions a conversation between Sage Vaamadeva and Indra, which indicated that Kutsa and Indra were friends who resembled ...


2

The questions are: are there some richas of Rigveda dedicated to Vishnu who is from Adityas and not from Trinity? What will be the interpretation of Bhagavad Gita 10.21, is this Vishnu from Trinity or Vishnu's incarnation as a son of Aditi? The Trinity concept of Puranas,ie., Brahma , Vishnu and Shiva cannot be found in the Veda. Aditi, the ...


2

A Partial answer. Rig Veda 8.33.19 doesn't seem to be saying that women should wear a veil. This hymn 8.33 is about Asanga who became a female due to curse. अधः पश्यस्व मोपरि सन्तरां पादकौ हर | मा ते कषप्लकौ दर्शन सत्री हि बरह्मा बभूविथ || Cast your eyes downwards, and don't look up. Keep your feet closer; let not anyone observe your back ...


2

Ushanas is the name of a Vedic rishi with the patronymic Kavya (descendant of Kavi) as mentioned in Atharva veda ,who was later in puranas is been identified as Ushanas Shukra. Ye, Mitra, Varuna, who help Trisoka, Medhātithi, and Usanā son of Kavi. In vedas sage Brihaspati is often referred variously as Vakpati i.e. (lord of speech) and is ...


2

ऋचो अक्षरे परमे व्योमन यस्मिन देवा अधि विश्वे निषेदुः | यस्तन्न वेद किमृचा करिष्यति य इत्तद्विदुस्त इमे समासते || RV .1.164.39 || This Rishi of this Mantra is Dirghatamas and is Known as "Asya Vamiya Sukta " . The Mantras 1-41 are dedicated to Vishwadeva. In this Mantra Dirghatamas is pointing towards those who do not know the Imperishable Brahman....


2

My friend Sri Kiron Krishnan wrote on this topic in another site. The word “yoga” as such appears in 6 mentions in the Rigveda. However it is only in three of them : 1.18.7, 1.30.7, 10.114.9 that the word assumes a meaning that is not literally related to the “yoking of horse”. Yoga - Historical implications in Rigveda The word yoga is derived from ‘yuj-’ ...


2

Does the story about Ṛbhus indicate practice of religious rituals other than Spirituality in Vedic era? Yes, many people in the Vedic era did Kamya karmas, or yajnas for material rewards like wealth or heaven (swarga). The traditional understanding is that the Vedas consist of two parts: the karma kanda, and the jnana kanda. The karma kanda talks about ...


2

Rig-Veda. 6. 61 is the Sukta which is devoted to Sarasvati. In this sukta she is praised as Goddess and adored as river. The sanskrit mantras and H.H.Wilson translation is as follows. The Translation of H.H. Wilson is based on commentary of Sayana. इयं शुष्मेभिर्बिसखाइवारुजत्सानु गिरीणां तविषेभिरूर्मिभिः । पारावतघ्नीमवसे सुवृक्तिभिः सरस्वतीमा ...


2

According to Gayatri Pariwar book written by Rama Sharma Acharya. The verse is referring to 94 components of Kala (time). So, it is 94 (4+90), not 360 (4*90). You can read the Rigveda online at awgp.org. Here is page containing the mentioned verse: Rigveda 2.118 Which says Vishnu (in the form of Surya) rotates 94 components of time by his driving force/...


1

Please do not read the one by Max Mueller, since he is from colonial era whence they had only one objective = show Vedic literature to be external to India. Instead, the best commentary I read on the battle of 10 kings in Rig Veda (as well as the much earlier battle of 5 kings in Rig Veda) is by Dr. David Frawley. It is called "Gods, Sages and Kings: ...


1

Shodhganga's article What is Kavya?, explains Imaginations and emotions are basic concepts of Kavya (creative literature) which are often expressed in metrical compositions. Kavya has figurative language, typical diction, nature, and words in various combinations, which means the choice and arrangement of ...


1

I like to add to all the previous ones which clearly bring out that the sukta is the realization of shakti as shuddha chaitanya as AdyaaShakti. 1. One more pramaNa I add is from Brahmanda purana where Vishnu informs Bhairava that: Adyaashaktirmaheshasya Chaturdha bhinna vigrahaa Bhoge Bhavaanee, Sangare Durga, kopeshu KaaLee Purusheshu madatmike The line ...


1

In case of RV X.137 which has exactly 7 verses, the Anukramaṇī lists the seer for each mantra of the sūkta separately. So, the first mantra was revealed to Bharadvāja, the second to Kaśyapa, and so on. +--------------+-----------------------------------+-------------------------------+ | Hymn (Sūkta) | Deity (Devatā) | Seer (Ṛṣi)...


1

Well, the battle of ten kings predates the Ramayana for sure and does take place in this manvantara. But it is not so easy to date it. We know Ramayana took place in 24th Treta Yuga in this manvatara. From RV Mandala 7 Hymn 18, we know one of the combatants in Battle of Ten Kings opposite of King Sudas was Puru Indra at once with conquering might ...


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