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Why does Sankhya consider Prakriti as the root cause?

No. Avyakta (unmanifest) is root cause of all in Samkhya Philosophy, which itself has no cause (अहेतुमत् Ahetumat). This is explained well in Samkhya karika of Iswarakrishna. Karika 10 says (...
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8 votes
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What scriptures describe swans separating milk from water?

I found multiple scriptural references to this phenomenon. First of all, in this chapter of the Aranya Kanda of the Ramayana, when Surpanakha's brother Khara promises to kill whoever cut off ...
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Who is the Rishi who cut off his own hands for stealing?

The sage who cut off his own hands was Likhita and his elder brother is Shankha. The story of these two sages is said to Yudhishtira by Sage Vyasa to remind his duty of chastising. This story occurs ...
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7 votes

What scriptures describe swans separating milk from water?

Swans separating Milk from water is mentioned in Shukla Yajurveda Samhita - Madhyandin Shakha -Chapter 19 - Mantra 73 अद्भ्यः क्षीरं व्यपिबत् क्रुड.डांअङ्गिरसो धिया। ऋतेन सत्यमिन्द्रियं विपानं ...
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7 votes

Do Sankhya and Yoga differ on number of Purushas?

In SAmkhya there are infinite Purushas. And, the Prakriti or Avyakta's only task is to selflessly work for their Bhoga and Moksha. In Yoga too it's the same it seems. And, it is also a fact, that on ...
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What is the difference between Sāṅkhya Sutras and Sāṅkhya Pravachana Sutras?

Good question, but a real answer is lost in the sands of time. Chandradhar Sharma in his work A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy (https://archive.org/details/IndianPhilosophyACriticalSurvey), ...
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6 votes
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Why does Sankhya consider Prakriti as the root cause?

What @The Destroyed has said in his answer is true but what you have said is also true. Mula Prakriti is the root cause in SAmkhya. And. it is the highest cause of everything else, no other higher ...
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Did the Vaisheshika school believe Yogis can see atoms?

Did Vaisheshika school believes that atoms can be perceived through Yogipratyaksha? Yes the Vaisheshika school believes so. This is described in Vaisheshika Sutras - Adhyaya 9 – Aahnika 1 – ...
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6 votes
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How do non-vedanta darshanas deal with shruti statements about Brahman?

I know of two non-Vedantic Astika schools which seriously engage with the statements in the Upanishads about Brahman: Purva Mimansa As I discuss in this question Mimamsakas believed that the ...
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6 votes

Is the Sankhya Darshana/Philosophy prior to Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads?

Shwetashwatara Upanishad in 6.22 states: वेदान्ते परमं गुह्यं पुराकल्पे प्रचोदितम् । नाप्रशान्ताय दातव्यं नापुत्रायाशिष्याय वा पुनः ।। The profound mystery in the Vedanta was taught in the ...
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6 votes

Is the Sankhya Darshana/Philosophy prior to Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads?

There seems to be some confusion in your question and the first two answers as regards the term Sankhya which does appear in the second chapter of the Gita. First, don't confuse the Sanskrit word ...
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Bhagavad Geeta 5.4 - Can one attain samādhi by practicing science?

The problem is with translation of the word Samkhya it is used as a synonym of Jnana Yoga(The path of Liberation through Knowledge). Adi Shankaracharya, Bhagwad Ramanujacharya and different Other ...
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5 votes
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Please help me understand the below passage from Rig veda

Rig-Veda 1.64 is riddle Hymn. Also called as "asya vamsaya" hymn . The vedic rishi Dirghatamas is the seer of the hymn and is considered by scholars much difficult to interpret as it presents series ...
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5 votes

Are there verses from scriptures which list 24 tattvas according to Sankhya Darshana?

http://srimadbhagavatam.org/canto3/chapter26.html (11) That primary nature is known as the basis from which the five gross and five subtle elements, the ten senses of perception and action and ...
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Did any Samkhya philosophers believe in a different Prakriti for each Purusha?

I found the answer to my question in this excerpt from the Yukti Dipika, an ancient commentary on Ishwara Krishna's Samkhya Karika of unknown authorship discovered in the 1930's: Opponent: The ...
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What commentaries on the Samkhya Karika are available in English?

These are the commentaries on the Samkhya Karika I've found in English so far: Gaudapada's Samkhya Karika Bhashya, which you can read here Vachaspati Mishra's Samkhya Tattva Kaumudi, which you can ...
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4 votes
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What scriptures describe the story of the frog princess?

I found the story in this chapter of the Vana Parva of the Mahabharata. Markandeya tells the story to the Pandavas to illustrate the power of Brahmanas. The king in the story is the ancient solar ...
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Which Acharyas believe in the two-Kapilas theory and which don't?

I finally found a proponent of the one-Kapila theory: the 15th or 16th century philosopher Vijnanabhikshu, who subscribed to a Vedantic philosophy called Avibhagadvaita. But Vijnanabhikshu didn't ...
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4 votes

Bhagavad Geeta 5.4 - Can one attain samādhi by practicing science?

"Does this mean that by analytical study of the material world (i.e. Science) one can attain samadhi?" SamAdhi (liberation) can also be attained by analytical study or path of knowledge (GyAna yoga), ...
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4 votes

In which verse number of Gita, Krishna tells about sankhya yoga?

Ch 5. verse 4: talks about Samkhya and Yoga branch of philosophy. Ch 7. verse 13: talks about three Gunas (concept of Samkhya). Ch 10. verse 26: mentions sage Kapila, one of the founders of Samkhya ...
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4 votes

Who is Āsuri Brāhmaṇa and why did Lord Kapila exposit sāṅkhya to the same?

This is partial answer. Who is Āsuri Brāhmaṇa? Asuri was maharshi in Samkhya doctrine. For one thousand years Asuri Brahmana performed Sacrifice called panchasrota. He also had vision of ultimate ...
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4 votes

Do the Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini and the Samkhya Sutras of Kapila explicity reject the existence of a creator?

The SAmkhya KArikA ( as per the most ancient MAthor Vritti) is Niriswara VAdi. That means it does not accept the existence of a sole creator Iswara. It actually neither accepts nor rejects. But, ...
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Is Purusha = Jeeva Atma as per Samkhya?

There is no such thing called JivAtma in the SAmkhya doctrine. At least it is not there in SAmkhya KArika. There is only Purusha and Prakriti in SAmkhya. However, there are infinite number of ...
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How does Vijnanabhiksu accept Samkhya despite being a theist?

Vijnanabhikshu believed that Kapila, the founder of the Samkhya school, was an incarnation of Vishnu, and that Kapila just pretended to reject the existence of Ishwara in order to deceive people. But ...
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3 votes

Who is Āsuri Brāhmaṇa and why did Lord Kapila exposit sāṅkhya to the same?

Gaudapada's Samkhy Karika Bhashya says Asuri was a Brahmana born in Kapila's family: Virtue, knowledge, renunciation and power were born with Kapila. Thus born, seeing this world sinking in the ...
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3 votes
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What scriptures describe sage Vamadeva attaining Moksha?

It looks like I didn't notice that the Aitareya Upanishad passage quoted in my earlier question actually says that Vamadeva attained Moksha. (Thanks to SwiftPushkar for pointing it out.) Here's what ...
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3 votes

Can somebody explain the Samkhya theory of creation in a clear and concise manner?

The Samkhya theory of creation is that there are two kinds of entities in the Universe, Purushas or souls and Prakriti or matter/energy, and that when Prakriti is in the presence of a Purusha, it ...
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3 votes

Is the Sankhya Darshana/Philosophy prior to Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads?

"Is Bhagavad Gita and Shvetashvatar Upanishad are talking about Sankhya Darshan (founded by sage Kapil) by means of word Sankhya?" Yes. Gita refers the same SAmkhya philosophy which was founded by ...
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3 votes

Bhagavad Geeta 5.4 - Can one attain samādhi by practicing science?

Excellent answers above; though I agree with both answers, I would also like to step away from the systematic confirmation approaches used above and take the passage on its' own...to be more direct in ...
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3 votes
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Did the Samkhya school believe that animal sacrifice is an easily remedied sin?

Yes, the Samkhya school does believe animal sacrifice is a minor sin that's easily remedied. Here's what the Advaita philosopher Vachaspati Mishra in this excerpt from the Tattva Kaumudi, his ...
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