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8

The sage who cut off his own hands was Likhita and his elder brother is Shankha. The story of these two sages is said to Yudhishtira by Sage Vyasa to remind his duty of chastising. This story occurs in 23rd chapter of Rajadharmanusasana Parva of Shanti Parva of Mahabharata. These were two sages named Shankha and Likhita lived in different hermitages. Both ...


7

No. Avyakta (unmanifest) is root cause of all in Samkhya Philosophy, which itself has no cause (अहेतुमत् Ahetumat). This is explained well in Samkhya karika of Iswarakrishna. Karika 10 says (translated by Har Dutt Sharma): हैतुमदनित्यमव्यापि सक्तियमनकमाश्रितं लिङ्गम् । सावयवं परतन्त्र' व्यक्त', विपरीतमव्यक्तम् ॥ १० ॥ haitumadanityamavyāpi ...


7

I found multiple scriptural references to this phenomenon. First of all, in this chapter of the Aranya Kanda of the Ramayana, when Surpanakha's brother Khara promises to kill whoever cut off Surpanakha's nose: adya aham mārgaṇaiḥ prāṇān ādāsye jīvitāṃtagaiḥ | salile kṣīram āsaktam niṣpiban iva sārasaḥ || Now, I will take away the lives of that ...


6

Did Vaisheshika school believes that atoms can be perceived through Yogipratyaksha? Yes the Vaisheshika school believes so. This is described in Vaisheshika Sutras - Adhyaya 9 – Aahnika 1 – Sutras 12-15 . It’s said in those sutras that , there are two type of yogis 1 ) Yujjaana Yogies 2) Yukta Yogies. Yujjana yogis can see the actual Atma (soul) in ...


6

Swans separating Milk from water is mentioned in Shukla Yajurveda Samhita - Madhyandin Shakha -Chapter 19 - Mantra 73 अद्भ्यः क्षीरं व्यपिबत् क्रुड.डांअङ्गिरसो धिया। ऋतेन सत्यमिन्द्रियं विपानं शुक्रमन्धसs इन्द्रस्यन्द्रि यमिदं पयोमृतं मधु ।।73।। The Prana which drinks the essence (Rasa) of the body is similar to that of the Hamsa (crane) ,who ...


6

http://srimadbhagavatam.org/canto3/chapter26.html (11) That primary nature is known as the basis from which the five gross and five subtle elements, the ten senses of perception and action and the four internal sense departments [of mind, ego, consciousness and intelligence] evolved who together add up to a number of twenty-four [see also ...


6

Good question, but a real answer is lost in the sands of time. Chandradhar Sharma in his work A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy (https://archive.org/details/IndianPhilosophyACriticalSurvey), chapter entitled Sankhya: Tradition regards Kapila as the founder of this system. But Sankyha-pravachana-sutra which is attributed to him is generally regarded ...


5

There seems to be some confusion in your question and the first two answers as regards the term Sankhya which does appear in the second chapter of the Gita. First, don't confuse the Sanskrit word Sankhya with the philosophy of Sankhya propounded by Kapila - they mean two different things. When Lord Krishna refers to Sankhya in chapter two He is referencing ...


5

The problem is with translation of the word Samkhya it is used as a synonym of Jnana Yoga(The path of Liberation through Knowledge). Adi Shankaracharya, Bhagwad Ramanujacharya and different Other Acharyas have enlightened us on this through their commentaries. Adi Shankaracharya's Comments: This defect does not arise. Although the question was put by ...


5

I know of two non-Vedantic Astika schools which seriously engage with the statements in the Upanishads about Brahman: Purva Mimansa As I discuss in this question Mimamsakas believed that the Upanishads provide knowledge of the Jivatma, not Paramatma, and that this knowledge serves a useful purpose in Yagnas. See this excerpt of Shabara's commentary on ...


5

In SAmkhya there are infinite Purushas. And, the Prakriti or Avyakta's only task is to selflessly work for their Bhoga and Moksha. In Yoga too it's the same it seems. And, it is also a fact, that on many points Yoga is based on SAmkhya. SwAmi VivekAnanda mentions this many times in his commentary of the PAtanjala Yoga Sutras. Only difference between the ...


5

Rig-Veda 1.64 is riddle Hymn. Also called as "asya vamsaya" hymn . The vedic rishi Dirghatamas is the seer of the hymn and is considered by scholars much difficult to interpret as it presents series of riddles before readers. H.H. wilson whose translation is based on Sayanacharya Bhashya is supplying us the following explanation about the sukta and ...


4

Ch 5. verse 4: talks about Samkhya and Yoga branch of philosophy. Ch 7. verse 13: talks about three Gunas (concept of Samkhya). Ch 10. verse 26: mentions sage Kapila, one of the founders of Samkhya doctrine. अश्वत्थः सर्ववृक्षाणां देवर्षीणां च नारदः। गन्धर्वाणां चित्ररथः सिद्धानां कपिलो मुनिः।।10.26।। Of all trees, I am the Pipal-tree; and of ...


4

I found the story in this chapter of the Vana Parva of the Mahabharata. Markandeya tells the story to the Pandavas to illustrate the power of Brahmanas. The king in the story is the ancient solar dynasty king Parikshit, not to be confused with Arjuna's grandson Parikshit who belonged to the lunar dynasty. Here is the part of Markandeya's story that is ...


4

This is partial answer. Who is Āsuri Brāhmaṇa? Asuri was maharshi in Samkhya doctrine. For one thousand years Asuri Brahmana performed Sacrifice called panchasrota. He also had vision of ultimate Truth and expounded the same to sages. Chapter 218 (Ganguli Edition) or Chapter 211 (Bibek Debroy Edition), Santi Parva of Mahabharata provides some info about ...


4

I finally found a proponent of the one-Kapila theory: the 15th or 16th century philosopher Vijnanabhikshu, who subscribed to a Vedantic philosophy called Avibhagadvaita. But Vijnanabhikshu didn't just believe in Vedanta; he was an early proponent what would later be called Hindu Universalism, and he had significant influences on the Neo-Vedanta movement. ...


4

"Does this mean that by analytical study of the material world (i.e. Science) one can attain samadhi?" SamAdhi (liberation) can also be attained by analytical study or path of knowledge (GyAna yoga), which is known as SAmkhya. However, that analysis includes Prakruti (material world) and Purusha (consciousness) both. Translation BG 5.4 - The fools, not ...


4

Shwetashwatara Upanishad in 6.22 states: वेदान्ते परमं गुह्यं पुराकल्पे प्रचोदितम् । नाप्रशान्ताय दातव्यं नापुत्रायाशिष्याय वा पुनः ।। The profound mystery in the Vedanta was taught in the previous cycle. It should not be given to one whose passions have not been subdued, nor to one who is not a son or a disciple. It means that the teachings present ...


3

"Is Bhagavad Gita and Shvetashvatar Upanishad are talking about Sankhya Darshan (founded by sage Kapil) by means of word Sankhya?" Yes. Gita refers the same SAmkhya philosophy which was founded by sage Kapila. Gita also recognises the sage as a Siddha [purusha]. BG 10.26 Among all trees [I am] the Asvatha (peepul), and NArada among the divine sages. ...


3

Excellent answers above; though I agree with both answers, I would also like to step away from the systematic confirmation approaches used above and take the passage on its' own...to be more direct in addressing your question. To give a straight answer to your question is quite possible I believe: Does this mean that by analytical study of the material ...


3

Yes, the Samkhya school does believe animal sacrifice is a minor sin that's easily remedied. Here's what the Advaita philosopher Vachaspati Mishra in this excerpt from the Tattva Kaumudi, his commentary on Ishwara Krishna's Samkhya Karika: [The means of happiness revealed by the Vedas] is "impure" because sacrifices like soma yagna, etc. are performed by ...


3

I found the answer to my question in this excerpt from the Yukti Dipika, an ancient commentary on Ishwara Krishna's Samkhya Karika of unknown authorship discovered in the 1930's: Opponent: The statement that the commencement of activity is meant for the liberation of each conscious entity is wrong; because there is difference of opinion amongst the ...


3

These are the commentaries on the Samkhya Karika I've found in English so far: Gaudapada's Samkhya Karika Bhashya, which you can read here Vachaspati Mishra's Samkhya Tattva Kaumudi, which you can read here Narayana Tirtha's Samkhya Chandrika, which you can read here The Yukti Dipika, an ancient commentary of unknown authorship discovered in the 1930's, ...


3

What @The Destroyed has said in his answer is true but what you have said is also true. Mula Prakriti is the root cause in SAmkhya. And. it is the highest cause of everything else, no other higher causes exist. And, this Mula Prakriti is also known by the names of Avyakta and PradhAna. To understand this we need to know what the 25 Tattvas are in SAmkhya ...


3

Gaudapada's Samkhy Karika Bhashya says Asuri was a Brahmana born in Kapila's family: Virtue, knowledge, renunciation and power were born with Kapila. Thus born, seeing this world sinking in the blinding gloom and the succession of samsāra (birth and death), he became filled with compassion and taught this knowledge of twenty-five principles to the brahmin ...


3

Vijnanabhikshu believed that Kapila, the founder of the Samkhya school, was an incarnation of Vishnu, and that Kapila just pretended to reject the existence of Ishwara in order to deceive people. But this isn't like the case of Vishnu's incarnation Buddha, who deceived the Asuras in order to hurt them. Rather, Vijnanabhikshu argues that Kapila deceived ...


3

It looks like I didn't notice that the Aitareya Upanishad passage quoted in my earlier question actually says that Vamadeva attained Moksha. (Thanks to SwiftPushkar for pointing it out.) Here's what this section of the Aitareya Upanishad says: And this has been declared by a Rishi: 'While dwelling in the womb, I discovered all the births of these Devas. ...


3

There is no such thing called JivAtma in the SAmkhya doctrine. At least it is not there in SAmkhya KArika. There is only Purusha and Prakriti in SAmkhya. However, there are infinite number of Purushas. As shown in this answer, the infinitude of Purushas is established in KArika 18 of the text and which is as follows: JanmamaranakaranAnAm ...


3

As you have stated in question, no need to provide answer for Mimansa (Pura Mimansa by Jaimini and Uttara Mimansa by Vyasa) which obviously declares Vedas Apaurusheya. Now, regarding other schools, Yes, Samkhya and Yoga also believes Vedas to be Apaurusheya. Rickross's answer already cited how those school accepted Vedas as valid proof (Shabda Pramana). ...


2

KAPIL BHAGAVAN - MENTIONED IN PURANAS He is referring to the Samkhya of Kapila Bhagavan, an incarnation of Vishnu who is mentioned in the Bhagavat Purana, who extolled the Yoga of analytics, and a theistic form of mystic yoga meditation that concentrates on the Vishnu roop, instead of Brahman absorption. This account was told in Bhagavatam to teach that the ...


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