Very special procedures are applied to preserve Vedas. Here are some of them:
1) Divisional Protection:
Veda Výas divides Veda at the end of Dwapar into Rig, Yajur and Sama so that it becomes suitable for men of Kaliyuga so that they can just study part of it as they do not have enough memory and intellect to learn all. For eg. There have been several ...
TL;DR: It's due to schwa deletion rule of Hindi.
First off, it is incorrect and incomplete to write the Sanskrit or Devanāgarī word राम (Rāma) as "Rama" as commonly written by English writers on this forum and elsewhere. The table below lists the accepted Romanised transliterations of राम. Same goes for कृष्ण - "Krishna" is not recommended, while Kṛṣṇa or ...
Yes, Ravana did speak Sanskrit. In fact, in this chapter of the Sundara Kanda of the Valmiki Ramayana, Hanuman hesitates before speaking to Sita in Lanka, because he's afraid that Sita will mistake him for Ravana, since Hanuman spoke the same educated Sanskrit that Ravana spoke, as Ravana was a Brahmana:
If I use Sanskrit language like a brahmin, Seetha ...
Is Sanskrit regarded as sacred?
Yes, Sanskrit is considered as the divine language. The sages in the ancient time realized the Vedas in the form of sound patterns. Those sound patterns expressed in language form came to be known as Sanskrit after much refinement and addition of meaning to the patterns through the use of syntax and grammar.
So Sankrit ...
Yes, Sanskrit is special in some intrinsic way. The sounds of its alphabets are such that uttering them mentally causes resonant vibration with the Chakras of the human subtle body. This idea is the very basis of Mantra Sastra.
The most famous example of a Sanskrit mantra is OM. This is the reason why most mantras are in Sanskrit. Sanskrit alphabets (...
To add support to the above answers, speaking sanskrit language is also meant to be as a kind of yoga for Vocal system.
From Sanskrit Sounds,
Sanskrit is an exquisite language from ancient India. There it is considered divine, originating from the meditations of ancient sages. The word Sanskrit itself means "refined, well done." The alphabet is ...
This whole mantra forms the first passage of Taittariya Aranyaka of YajurVeda. The first verse "Om Bhadram Karnebhi Srinuyaam Devaha" also exists in RigVeda 1.89.8
Here is the meaning of the above mantra:
ॐ भद्रं कर्णेभिः शृणुयाम देवाः ।
Om Bhadram Karnebhiḥ Srinuyaam Devah
Om, May we hear what is Auspicious with our ears,Oh Gods
Q. What's the source and meaning of this verse?
Srimad Bhagavad Gita is the source of this verse:
अनन्याश्चिन्तयन्तो मां ये जनाः पर्युपासते।
तेषां नित्याभियुक्तानां योगक्षेमं वहाम्यहम्।।9.22।।
And here are some useful translations:
English Translation By Swami Adidevananda
9.22 There are those who, excluding all else, think of Me and worship Me, ...
Ghanapatha is one of the most advanced method of Veda Patha. Syllables are continuously repeated to and fro in a certain pattern. A syllable can get repeated upto 13 times in Ghana Patha. So, reciting Vedas in Ghanapatha gives fruit 13 times more than normal recitation. As I discuss in my answer here, Ghanapatha is one of the methods useful for presentation ...
Narayana consists of two words as Naara+Ayana. Naara means water and Ayana means home. It is mentioned in Mahabharata, Vana Parva, SECTION CLXXXVIII.
3 आपॊ नारा इति परॊक्ताः संज्ञा नाम कृतं मया
तेन नारायणॊ ऽसम्य उक्तॊ मम तद धययनं सदा
In ancient times I called the waters by the name of Nara; and because the waters have ever been my ayana or home, ...
As per Rajiv Malhotra, Max Muller played double game. Although he tentatively proposed some (strange) theories, Rajiv Malhotra says later scholars used his speculations and solidified concept of Arya and Dravida and destroyed dynamic nature of Varna Dharma. His interpretations can be considered as distortions which were later used by other scholars.
There are tons of resources both online and offline.
samskritabharati is an organisation of volunteers who are committed to Sanskrit, and they conduct free Sanskrit classes. They have many years of experience at this, and teach spoken Sanskrit without going through an intimidating grammar-only approach. Look at Samskrit in your locality and ...
There is a common popular misconception in People that according to Advaita World doesn't exist at all. It is not true.
When we are deciding reality of things as per Advaita. Then, Advaita itself gives three level of reality to us:
1)Paramarthika Satyam/ Absolute Reality level
2)Vyavaharika Satyam/ Ishwara Shristi level
3)Pratibhasika Satyam/ Jeeva ...
Legend has it that when Panini prayed to Shiva and asked for knowledge, Shiva appeared before him and his Damaru (डमरु) made the following 14 sounds representing the MaheshwaraSutrani (माहेश्वरसूत्राणि):
In all of Panini's grammar, there are a set of sUtras(सूत्राणि) or formulae, which represent particular rules, and in those rules, the above सूत्राणि are ...
Is Sanatana Dharma anti-foreigners?
No, most certainly not.
For example, the following mantra from Shukla Yajur Veda clearly states that the holy mantras should be spoken among all men including strangers. Here, the word stranger denotes people who are alien to our Vedic culture. So, the Vedic knowledge should be spread among them too. No question of ...
With no doubt, "tri" in त्रिशूल (triśūla) is Sanskrit. You can check it in any Sanskrit dictionary, such as Apte or Monier-Williams.
Etymology of English word three or tri is
From Middle English thre, threo, thrie, thri, from Old English þreō,
þriē, þrī, from Proto-Germanic *þrīz, from Proto-Indo-European
As per Western Linguists, PIE or ...
what is the meaning of Indra?
The exact meaning of word Indra is given in Aitareya Upanishad –Khanda 3 –Chapter 1 –Verse 14. - Page no 32-33
तस्मादिन्द्रो नामेदन्द्रो ह वै नाम | तमिदन्द्रं सन्तमिन्द्र
इत्याचक्षते परोक्षेण | परोक्षप्रिया इव हि देवा: परोक्षप्रिया इव हि
tasmAdidandro nAmedandro ha vai nAma . tamidandra.n santami.ndra
There are different meaning of the word Indra is given by Yaska in Nirukta 10.8.
इन्द्र इरां दृणातीति वाँ।
इरां दद्तीति वा।
इरां दधातीति वा ।
इरा दारयतैं इति घा।
इरा धारर्थत इति वा ।
इन्दवे द्रर्वतीति वा ।
इन्दी रमत इति वा ।
इन्धे भूतानीति वा ।
तद्यदेनं प्राणैः समैनैधंस्तदिन्द्रस्येन्द्रत्वैम् ।।
इति विज्ञायैते ।
References for this annswer:
Chapter 1 of Samskrita Bharati Pravesha
Chapter 1 of A Practical Grammar of the Sanskrit Language
Consonants section under Devanagari transliteration wiki article
In DevaNagari languages (such as Sanskrit and Hindi), each full-form constant is a combination of half-form constant and a vowel.
full-form constant = half-form ...
In Sanskrit grammar, each सुबन्त (grossly interpreted as a noun) has 7 (+1) cases and its form will vary as per the case. This is unlike Hindi (which uses something similar to the prepositions in English) but many south-indian languages will find similarities in the different forms and modifications of the words.
So the word सवितृ is the root of a ऋ-कारन्त ...
It is from Devi Mahatyam which is part of Markandeya Purana. When Goddess killed two demons Sumbha and Nisumbha, Devas eulogized Devi with their hymns. This hymn is part of their eulogy to Divine Mother.
From Chapter 88 of Markandeya Purana :
सर्वमङ्गलमाङ्गल्ये शिवे सर्वार्थसाधिके। शरण्ये त्र्यम्बके गौरि
नारायणि नमोऽस्तु ते॥९॥
sarvamaṅgalamāṅgalye śive ...
Various Śūdra and Dalit people have made contributions to Sanskrit literature, so they must have been able to learn Sanskrit to begin with, including the following -
King Śūdraka (apparently Śūdra caste) – composed Mṛcchakaṭika
Vidura (describes himself as Śūdra caste) – proclaimed the wisest person in Mahābhārata and taught Vidura-nīti
Vālmīki (supposedly ...
Rishi Valmiki who wrote the Ramayan was a contemporary of Shri Rama. The fact that he wrote the entire epic in Sanskrit points to the fact that it was the spoken language in those days. Same logic applies to the Mahabharat as well which was composed by Rishi Ved-Vyas & narrates the life-stories of his grandsons the Kauravs and Pandavs.
Also, Pali and ...
1) The following link from Encyclopedia Britannica shows the Devanagari alphabet. Pleae note that OM = AUM is a syllable, not a single letter. Hence OM is not part of the Devanagari alphabet.
2) Panini was a grammarian not a literature scholar. The meaning of OM is unknown. I have never heard that Panini gave an ...
ॐ (OM)(ओ३म्) can be written in Brahmi script as:
Further, there is book Brahmi-Rediscovering the lost script written by Ankita Roy. This book contains many information about Brahmi script (Lipi). Below is the image how ॐ described in the book.
The most common name in Sanskrit is śloka (श्लोक). A single śloka contains 2 lines of Sanskrit text, usually consisting of an equal amount of syllables. Lots of Sanskrit poetic works contain only a single meter for their śokas, but there are many kinds of meters and multiple can be used by a single work.
In order to understand the anatomy of a śloka, such ...
The "tri" in trishulam is from Sanskrit. Later Indo and European languages had taken from Sanskrit.
In sanskrit threee is denoted by Trí (three), त्रीणि - trīṇi , त्रयः - trayaḥ etc.
There are more examples where Latin and Greek words resemble sanskrit
ashta (eight) - octo (Latin)
sarpa (snake) -- serpens (Latin)
pitar (father) -- pater (Latin), ...
First of all, Mantras must be learned from a Guru or from knowledgeable saints only, especially the one with Bheejas.
The mantra you have given is:
ॐ ह्रीं धरणेन्द्रः पाश्र्वनाथाय नमः निधि दर्शनं कुरु-कुरु स्वाहा ।
Its transliteration in IAST and ITRANS:
oṃ hrīṃ dharaṇendraḥ pāśrvanāthāya namaḥ nidhi darśanaṃ kuru-kuru svāhā । (IAST)
It is Om Namoh Durgeh in Devanagari script while considering the two dots are visarga. It is a mantra dedicated to Goddess Durga.
Below is IAST transliteration.
oṃ namoḥ durgeḥ
It means salutations to Durga.
But some people put ':' after a word to indicate a long sound. If that is the case, it is
Oṃ namo durge
The second pronunciation is right.
I think you are talking about the 3 types of miseries/pains/sufferings collectively known as - the tApatrayas.
It is said that we suffer from 3 types of miseries (or Dukkha in your language) in this life.
These are the miseries that are caused by Bhutas or other living beings.
This is the pain that we get from unseen sources ...