It is Om Namoh Durgeh in Devanagari script while considering the two dots are visarga. It is a mantra dedicated to Goddess Durga.
Below is IAST transliteration.
oṃ namoḥ durgeḥ
It means salutations to Durga.
But some people put ':' after a word to indicate a long sound. If that is the case, it is
Oṃ namo durge
The second pronunciation is right.
I think you are talking about the 3 types of miseries/pains/sufferings collectively known as - the tApatrayas.
It is said that we suffer from 3 types of miseries (or Dukkha in your language) in this life.
These are the miseries that are caused by Bhutas or other living beings.
This is the pain that we get from unseen sources ...
We should keep in mind that the idea or concept of Gods or Devas is metaphysical (adhyAtmam). In other words, we cannot think of Devas communicating through a human-like language. Even at a level that is lower than metaphysical, let's call it "theological" (adhidaivatam), the Devas cannot be communicating like humans (adhibhUtam).
That's why Rgveda ...
Yes indeed. But of course it requires extreme sādhanā and tapas. So much that such people have even revealed new branches of Veda.
The most famous story is that of rishi Yājñavalkya, who was cursed by his guru Vaiśampāyana to return all the Vedic learning. After that, he meditated on the Sun and revealed an entire new branch of Vedas, the vājasaneyī saṃhitā, ...
It is from the The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda/Volume 3..
While quoting the statement from Abrahamic Text "In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God ", Swami said that the Word is the Vedas, and Sanskrit is the language of God. God spoke once. He spoke in Sanskrit.
The following is the extract.
There was already in India a vast ...
Rig Veda I.164.45 says
चत्वारि वाक परिमिता पदानि तानि विदुर्ब्राह्मणा ये मनीषिणः | गुहा तरीणि
निहिता नेङगयन्ति तुरीयं वाचो मनुष्या वदन्ति ||
Four are the levels of speech that are measured, these the wise sages
know. Three hidden in secrecy, they cannot manipulate, only with the
fourth level of speech do humans talk.
Rig Veda itself says, ...
As C. V. Vaidya says in the History of Sanskrit Literature, Vedic Sanskrit is simply the language spoken by the common people during the Vedic period.
Macdonell divides the history of Sanskrit literature into two periods,
the Vedic period and the Sanskrit period. But it is more proper to
divide the history into three periods, the ...
First I will answer your second question.
1)Why does translation defer from word-to-word pedantic translation ?
There can be a problem with your translation. I am not saying anything about translator because I don't know whose translation you quoted. Many times very great Sanskrit scholars can even do this mistake. But for your satisfaction, I am quoting ...
You can find the whole Samskrit text at this link - https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.487023/page/n454/mode/2up
For your convenience, the story dealing with Bhandasura starts at the 11th chapter (in page 454 in the book inside that link) of Lalitopakhyana, in which his birth is explained. The very next chapter has the details of birth of Lalita ...
Bhagavad Gita 6.5:
“उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् । आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मनः ॥
“One should lift up oneself by oneself. One should not let oneself get depressed or defeated - because the self is the friend of oneself and the self is the enemy of oneself”
The Blessed Lord said: Fearlessness, purification of one's existence, cultivation of spiritual knowledge, charity, self-control, performance of sacrifice, study of the Vedas, austerity and simplicity; nonviolence, truthfulness, freedom from anger; renunciation, tranquility, aversion to faultfinding, compassion and freedom from covetousness; gentleness, ...
उों नमो भगवते श्री-उड्डामरेश्वराय अमुकं उच्चाटय २
विद्वेषय २ स्वाहा ।
The IAST transliteration of above mantra taken from sanscript:
uoṃ namo bhagavate śrī-uḍḍāmareśvarāya amukaṃ uccāṭaya 2
vidveṣaya 2 svāhā ।
It was mentioned in the description part of the video
It is a form of Vedic jugalbandi called Suresha Paddhati. It is a
method of reciting Samhita and other Vikrutis, like Ghana Patha from
more than 1 Veda. In this case Rig Veda and Krishna Yajur Veda are
recited immediately and simultaneously, to highlight the difference in
svara, pada, the place ...
I agree with others as Yudh + stira = Yudhishthira ( Aa + sta/ta = ie )
Yudh = war, Stir = steadiness, meaning one who is steady in the war which is an essential quality of warriors. Just like how we expect batsmen to be steady and won runs in cricket.
But actually Yudhistir is an adjective given to the first son of Pandava. As he is the main one to ...
According to my study, the answer for this question lies in the development of Shaivism itself.
Shaivism comprises adoration of Shiva and Parvati as divine couple, Skanda and Ganapati as their children, Nandi and others as their Ganas, eulogisation of Shiva in Puranas like Shiva Purana, etc.
We do not find mention of Shiva, as we are accustomed to now,ie., ...
Was Sanskrit an "eternal language" which our ancient Rishis "discovered" during their deep meditational states of consciousness?
No, as C. V. Vaidya explains in History of Sanskrit Literature, (Vedic) Sanskrit was simply the language spoken by the common people during the Vedic times:
Macdonell divides the history of Sanskrit ...
It seems bṛṃhati is not the root. It would be bṛh
If you conjugate it (1st conjugation-mode), it would give bṛṃhati as 3º person singular present.
You can conjugate roots at https://sanskrit.inria.fr/DICO/grammar.fr.html
Check on the site how to write Sanskrit characters, as it may be different. Eg. bṛh should be written b.rh in 'Velthuis transliteration'.
YES it is possible to learn the Vedas without a Guru, if you let Lord Shiva being your Guru, with the right Devotion.
As stated in Shiva Gita 6:20
गुह्योऽहं सर्व वेदेषु आरण्योऽहमजोऽप्यहम्। पुष्करं च पवित्रं च मध्यं चाहमतः परम् । बहिश्चाहं तथा चान्तः पुरस्तादहमव्ययः।। २०।।
“I am the hidden secret in all the Vedas;I am the forest and the unborn.I am the ...
No, it is not possible to understand the Vedas without an Acharya. Vedas are a very dense subject for students and sadhaks alike.
There is bound be mis-interpretations without proper instruction. There are rules regarding recitation, proper pronunciation, swaras etc. So, learning under a Vedic Acharya is a must.
Yes, learning sanskrit is necessary.