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13

Not only Shiva - other gods also have families. Surya has a son Shani from his wife Chhaya. It's a different fact that Surya didn't accept his son and blamed Chhaya for cheating him. And from another wife Sanjana, he has twins Yama and Yami (Yamuna). Surya, Indra, and Yamraj also have demigod sons because of Kunti's boon. For the case of Brahma, all ...


10

Quoting from About.com If there is any color that can symbolize all aspects of Hinduism, it's saffron - the color of Agni or fire, which reflects the Supreme Being. As such, the fire altar is regarded as a distinct symbol of ancient Vedic rites. The saffron color, also auspicious to the Sikhs, the Buddhists and the Jains, seems to have obtained ...


9

For sannyāsis, not looking at women is only the starting point, it is not the destination. They are actually trying to slay their indriyas to the point that they are unaffected by the opposite sex. Śaṅkarācārya says in Vivekachūdāmani: The deer, the elephant, the moth, the fish and the honey-bee---these five meet death because of their bondage to one of ...


9

Sanyas Upanishads were written for male spiritual aspirants and thus talk of women being dangerous to males. Women are allowed to be monks. Just as women are dangerous for men who are spiritual aspirants similarly men are dangerous for women. I am astonished that some people believe that Hindu women are not allowed to be monks when there are women monk ...


7

The following are excerpts from the authoritative text on Sri Ramana Maharshi's sayings - Talks with Sri Ramana Maharshi. Devotee.: Is not brahmacharya (celibacy) necessary for realisation of the Self? Maharshee.: Brahmacharya is ‘living in Brahman’. It has no connection with celibacy as commonly understood. A real brahmachari, that is one who ...


6

The reason is actually very simple.For a Sanyasi or a Yogi maintaining celibacy(Brahmacharya) is one among the most important tasks.Its part of their sanyasa related vows as well. So, they avoid all kinds of "Naari Sansargas"(associations with women) including even talking or looking at them. Because,even glancing at a women can be considered as contrary ...


6

Jogi is an अपभ्रंश (apabhramsha) of Yogi. Like, how it's "Jamuna" for "Yamuna", "Jam" for "Yam", "Jashoda" for "Yashoda" & "JAdava" for "YAdava". So both are same. Yogi means a person, who is in Yoga. Early reference to Yoga in Gita is: BG 2.53 - श्रुतिविप्रतिपन्ना ते यदा स्थास्यति निश्चला। समाधावचला बुद्धिस्तदा योगमवाप्स्यसि। You are diverted (...


5

You are actually talking about munis and sannyasis. It is restricted for renuncaites to enjoy worldly pleasures once they renounce the world. Performing their own funeral rites (sradha) they become dead to the world. turiyāśramasvikārārārthaṃ kṛcchraprāyaścittapurvakam aṣṭaśrāddham kuryāt [Narad Parivrajaka Up. 4.37] For entering the sannyasa order ...


5

Way of pradakshina remains the same in every stage of life in temples. We see many people touching backside of the temple and doing namaskara to it. It is wrong doing namaskar from front is only allowed and not from other sides. But pradakshina in a Shiva temple is an exception. There is a special way of performing a pradakshina in a Shiva temple according ...


5

The sages of old that were married did so after becoming sages, not before, and did so because that was the way the world was then, thousands and thousands of years ago. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa says (Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, chapter 39, http://www.belurmath.org/gospel/index.htm): If a man enjoys the Bliss of God, he doesn't enjoy the world. Having ...


5

There is no recognized or formal stage after sannyas. Individual maths or individual gurus may give some title or other such thing, but there is no generally accepted stage after sannyas nor is there anything in scripture. There are different sects of sadhus and different sects will wear different colors. Most people when they think of sannyas, think of ...


5

"Which scriptures are the basis of these claims?" Physical activities of mere "procedures" cannot define the true form of SannyAsa. If it were true then won't it become the guaranteed way to achieve the ultimate bliss? To answer your Q, I don't know which scriptures have the basis for this. This is a partial answer :-) "how is the ideal Sanyasi described ...


5

What the Guru Gita is saying should be taken more as a guideline for aspirants rather than as a test or a guideline to an aspirant's advancement. There is no stage at which an aspirant turns a Mauni. I have personally met a few sadhus who kept complete silence at all times. Have met several who have kept a vow of not speaking one day a week. Some have been ...


5

Vishnu Purana, Book 3, Chapter 9 describes about the four orders of life: Brahmacharya, Grihastha, Vanaprastha and Sanyasa. In Vanaprastha, one prepare himself for Sanyasa, so I am mentioning all the properties of these two Ashramas. Description of Vanaprastha Ashrama When the householder, after performing the acts incumbent on his condition, arrives at ...


5

Here is a rule for begging alms. This applies to the Brahmins and it should apply to anyone who is entitled to beg alms and receive them. 4.247. He may accept from any (man), fuel, water, roots, fruit, food offered without asking, and honey, likewise a gift (which consists in) a promise of protection. 4.248. The Lord of created beings (Prajapati) ...


5

The most crucial thing for them is they have to beg for food. Since they have abandoned fire they are not allowed to cook for themselves. So, the only option left for them is to beg and secure food. That is the only method by which they are allowed to secure food. And, for that purpose, some of them use a bowl (which they were presented with during ...


4

There are a few Upanishads that describe what sannyas is and what the actions are to be followed. Those Upanishads are: Bhiksuka Upanishad of Sukla Yajurveda, the Naradaparivrajaka Upanishad of Atharvanaveda, and the Aruneyi Upanishad of the Atharva-veda. The first is very short, essentially one verse, the last only 5 verses. What the 'duties' (and I use ...


4

We must first establish the sanskrit back-translation of a "sage" to make the answer meaningful. If that is "sādhu" (which means "good") or "riši" ("the respected one"), there is no contradiction. Upbringing and education of children is a valuable, respectable and recommended duty for qualified persons. Chānakya nītišāstra 1.14: A wise man should marry a ...


4

It is not just male Sannyasis not looking at women. Women Sannyasis must also avoid men. The reason for avoidance is given in the passage posted below. Man dangerous to woman in the spiritual path Just as a woman is a danger to a man desiring progress on the spiritual path, so is a man to woman. It is the man who is uxorious, and engrossed too ...


4

A Naishtika Brahmachari is perpetual student. He lives till his death the life that is meant for a student. Does Naishtika Brahmacharya also involve 'Agni-tyaga'? No, because after all it is a stage of studentship (Brahmacharya). So, he has to continue performing his duties as a student. living at the teacher’s house, the life of a sage, and ...


4

It is unlikely that scriptures will allow the concept of a "warrior Sannyasi" because dealing with weapons is mentioned as one of the reasons that brings about a Sannyasi's downfall. A full meal given by one person, pride, envy, adorning with perfume and flowers, betel leaves, injunction, amusement, desire for pleasure, elixir, boasting, reviling, ...


3

The short answer is yes. Ancient Hindus followed Ashrama Dharma which lays out 4 stages for human life - Brahmacharya, Grihastha, Vanaprastha and then Sannyasa. The monks were in the last 2 stages in most cases. They leave to the forest along with their wife, leaving behind their property and children. They start leading a life fully devoted to ...


3

Shiva is portrayed and worshiped in many forms, he one of those rare naked ascetic who has even conquered over Kama, he's worshiped as a passionate lover and is worshiped along with his consort Shakti as the union, in a pacific mood with his consort Parvati and son Skanda, as the cosmic dancer (Nataraja), as a mendicant beggar, as a yogi, and as the ...


3

Saffron, the colour of fire, is the colour of renunciation. Just as fire burns all dross matter away, renunciation burns all desire from our minds. Thus saffron coloured dress of monks signifies that they have burnt all desire from their minds through the fire of renunciation.


3

When Buddha gave up his mortal body, he was covered with a special robe dyed in saffron. Ever since then, Buddhist monks have adopted saffron as the colour that can help them achieve their goal of 'moksha' or deliverance. Saffron is omnipresent in all the religions that have branched out from Hinduism. You see saffron in the garb of monks living on ...


3

For your first question, to attain the highest form of meditation, The one who practices meditation must be able to separate his inner atma or celestial body from the physical body through the head to higher points and self. For the disciples, it is difficult to concentrate and elevate with all the hair. So they have less hair on their heads. And for the ...


3

Having received sannyas and being of Vivekananda's lineage, let me clarify a few points. Sai's answer is good and mostly true. Vivekananda and the direct disciples of Ramakrishna received their sannyas robes from Ramakrishna, they did not receive their names from him. Vivekananda actually used several names before deciding himself to take the name of ...


3

From the book "Essence of Dharma Sindhu" we get the following list of acts that are considered as "Nishiddhas" or prohibited in Kali Yuga. Kali Yuga Nishiddhas: The following are the avoidable and unnecessary acts of Kali Yuga viz. Samudra Yatra, carrying of Kamandulu to misdirect the Public , remarriages, begetting children from husband’s ...


3

Brahmavaivarta Purana.Krishna-Janma-Khanda.185.180: asvamedham gavalambham sannyasam palapaitrkam devarena sutopattim kalau panca vivarjayet Five things are forbidden in the age of Kali – horse-sacrifice, cow-sacrifice, acceptance of sannyasa, offering flesh to the forefathers and begetting a child in the womb of the wife of one’s elder brother.


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