Science must be accepted even when science contradicts the Vedas. Vedas should be used only in matters which can not be probed by any scientific method. Vedic authority does not extend to matters which can be studied using scientific methods. I am posting some quotes that will hopefully make things clear.
Bhishma said in Mahabharata Shanti Parva Section ...
In the Aitareya Brahmana of RigVeda 3.44
“The Sun does never set nor rise. When people think the Sun is setting (it is not so). For after having arrived at the end of the day it makes itself produce two opposite effects, making night to what is below and day to what is on the other side…Having reached the end of the night, it makes itself produce two ...
Hinduism is an intrinsically scientific religion.
The Vedas themselves accurately describe very complicated geometric concepts including six-dimensional spaces, distances between celestial bodies, and using changing skylines to measure time, just to name a few examples ("Vedic Geometry Course" Dr. S. K. Kapoor). If you follow the Dhashavataram ...
I do not like to call anything discovered now as 'scientific fact' as any fact which is established now can be disproved in the future. (For eg. quantities like mass, time etc.. were considered absolute in the past and now they are considered relative). So, I like to use the term 'scientific concepts' for the present discoveries. There can be many scientific ...
The speed of light is not directly from the Samhita. It is given by Sayana in commenting 1.50.4 verse of RigVeda. The devata of the verse is Surya. The verse is:
तरणिविश्वदर्शवो ज्योतिष्कृदसि सूर्य । विश्वमा भासि रोचनम् ।।
Swift and all beautiful art thou, O Surya, maker of the light, Illuming all the radiant realm.
As it talks about maker of light. ...
There have been, in India, two main ways of approach to Reality or the Essential Nature of Self,
Vivekaja mārga. (the path of distinction or discrimination). Systems following this mārga are patanjali yoga & Sankara Vedanta.
Yogaja mārga.(the path of union or integration). Saivāgama has adopted the Yogaja mārga in which the goal is not isolation of ...
I discuss in my answer here, AtharvaVeda states Universe as like projection in space-time:
पूर्ण कुम्भोदिः काल आहितस्तं वै पश्यामो बहुदा नु सन्तः । [AtharvaVeda 19.53.3]
A full pot has been placed in Time and it is that which we see manifoldly.
Similarly as I discuss here, RigVeda states the present creation is similar like the past creation:
I believe that science and hinduism are not that different and not at all contradictory.
But it must be said that in order to see the similarities, it is needed to dive deep into Hinduism and Hindu beliefs. Some of the Hinduism philosophies here has been following the Advaita Vedanta stance and some others the Achithyabedhabheda stance, some the Dvaita ...
I think Wikipedia is using "Vedic scripture" as a metonymy for Hindu scripture in general. It is the Puranas which have statements that seem, at least on the surface, to indicate that the Moon is farther from the Earth than the Sun. Here is what this chapter of the Vishnu Purana says:
The sphere of the earth (or Bhúr-loka), comprehending its oceans, ...
To understand it better, I am answering after keeping your question limited to the Sun.
Sun is called Aditya meaning son of Aditi and Kashyap Rishi. How can a star be born from a living being?
The star was not born from Aditi. It is not true that there was no Sun before the Aditi's son.
The star Sun came out from the Golden Egg in the very begging. From the ...
Is embryology mentioned in bhagavata Purana?-
Yes it is mentioned in Shreemad Bhagvat Purana you can read it here SB 3.31 In the chapter SB 3.31: Lord Kapila’s Instructions on the Movements of the Living Entities.
कर्मणा दैवनेत्रेण जन्तुर्देहोपपत्तये | स्त्रिया: प्रविष्टं उदरं
पुंसो रेत: कणाश्रय: ||१||
karmaṇā daiva-netreṇa jantur dehopapattaye ...
There is a Shloka in Shreemad Bhagvat Purana mentationing the concept of Multiverse OR Parallel Universes.
पुरुषोऽण्डं विनिर्भिद्य यदासौ स विनिर्गतः ।
आत्मनोऽयनमन्विच्छन्नपोऽस्राक्षीच्छुचिः शुचीः ॥10॥
puruṣo ’ṇḍaṁ vinirbhidya yadāsau sa vinirgataḥ ātmano ’yanam
anvicchann apo ’srākṣīc chuciḥ śucīḥ
After separating the different ...
The Chandogya Upansihada says that there are three possible biological origins of life.
This is mentioned in the Shloka 6.3.1:
तेषां खल्वेषां भूतानां त्रीण्येव बीजानी भवन्त्याण्डजं
जीवजमुद्भिज्जमिति ।। ६ । ३ । १ ।।
Translation of the Shloka, as found in Chandogya Upanishad - Translated by Ganganath Jha:
Verily, of these Beings there are only three ...
Yes, there are references to an "expanding" characteristic of the Universe in Puranas and other texts. First of all, the Shiva-purana verse 126.96.36.199: When praising Śiva, Bhārgava says the following:
... 29. O sky-formed one, because you give space within and without, that this universe evolves and expands; O merciful one, it always breathes in you and ...
"What is Life? with 'Mind and Matter'" by Erwin Schrodinger - winner of the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the dual nature of light, he mentions Vedanta specifically in this book
"Quantum Physics and Ultimate Reality: Mystical Writings of Great Physicists" Michael Green, editor - many philosophical musings of Einstein, Schrodinger, Pauli, Planck, Bohr, ...
This is partial answer.
First mantra is Rigveda 2.12.2.
यः पर्थिवीं वयथमानामद्रंहद यः पर्वतान परकुपितानरम्णात | यो
अन्तरिक्षं विममे वरीयो यो दयामस्तभ्नात स जनास इन्द्रः ||
yaḥ pṛthivīṃ vyathamānāmadṛṃhad yaḥ parvatān prakupitānaramṇāt | yo
antarikṣaṃ vimame varīyo yo dyāmastabhnāt sa janāsa indraḥ ||
He who fixed fast and firm ...
I found one argument from the Vaisheshika school. It occurs in this excerpt Prashastapada's Padartha Dharma Sangraha, the second-oldest work of the Vaisheshika school. Prashastapada doesn't just try to show that sound is a phenomenon of Akasha, he tries to prove the existence of Akasha using the existence of sound. He argues that sound cannot be a ...
Does Rig Veda 3.30.4 say the Earth is immovable?
No, unshakable is the right word instead of immovable.
In the beginning the Earth was shaking or swinging and it's Indra (in some texts) or Vishnu (in some texts) who made Earth unshakable by installing mountains or dividing the Earth in Continents. And today Earth is unshakable, only earthquake occurs ...
The actual statement referring by the question is from the book titled Mathematics of Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India, and Islam: A Sourcebook. The particular statement is
Brahmagupta discusses the illumination of the moon by the sun,
rebutting an idea maintained in scriptures: namely, that the moon is
farther from the earth than the sun is. In fact, ...
As per Puranas, Vishwakarma made Lingas from clay, metals, wood. Among metal Lingas, Parad linga (Mercury Linga) is one of them. So, mercury (Linga) is mentioned in Puranas.
Chapter 12, Rudra Samhita (Sristi Khanda) of Shiva Mahapurana says: (translated by JL Sastri)
रत्नलिङ्गं च ब्रह्माणी शिवं पूजयति ध्रुवम्। पारदं पार्थिवं बाणः
समर्चति परेऽपि वा॥ ३६ ॥
"On what basis do Hindu philosophies say Atman exist?"
As per Bhagavad Gita, the supreme reality viz. Atman is said to be neither "existent" nor "non-existent".
BG 13.13 - I shall speak of that which is knowable (should be known). Knowing which, one attains immortality. The supreme Brahman dwelling under Me, is beginning-less. "That" is said to be ...
It's from Goladhyaya of Siddhanta Shiromani, a work of Bhaskaracharya (a great mathematician and astronomer lived in 12th century) on astronomy.
Siddhanta Shiromani has four parts on particular subject/area:
Leelavati - Arithmetic
Bijaganita - Algebra
GrahaganitAdhayaya - Astronomy
Goladhyaya - Astronomy
The verse quoted in question is from Goladhyaya.
Your question is what is actual meaning of AtharvaVeda Mantras you quoted - translated by Griffith.
Let's look at the verses from another translation of Atharva-Veda by Shri Ram Sharma Acharya.
Atharva-Veda 6 .44 .1 - Roga-Nashana Sukta .
अस्थाद् दयौरस्थात पृथव्यस्थाद् विश्वमिदं जगत् | अस्थुर्वुक्षा
ऊर्ध्वस्वप्नातिषठात रोगो अयं तव ||
God dispels the darkness of ignorance and hence we are sure that at least he is not darkness.
But then is God light?
Now when we think of light, we think of light that is visible to our eyes. And something that is visible to material eyes is also material. But God is Sat-Chit-Anand i.e full of bliss, knowledge and eternal.
hence the answer here would ...
Yes they do exist. One example is in Devi Bhagavatam, Tritiya Skandha which describes the story of Brahma, Vishnu and Siva visiting Sridevi. On the way, they watch many Vishnus, Indras, Brahmas and Sivas and many other Brahmandas. That is why Lalita Sahasranama calls her Aneka Koti Brahmanda Janani Divya Vigraha.
The other example is in Skanda MahaPurana ...
No, it should be read as a metaphor, it simply refers to everything being dependent upon God's will. See Bhagavad Gita chapter 10, especially verses 32, 39, and 42. In verse 32 Krishna says (Swami Nikhilananda translator):
Of created things I am the beginning and the end and also the middle, O Arjuna...
And verse 39:
And that which is the seed of all ...
I have a completely different point of view. Since there is no direct text in any scripture or common consensus explaining why 108 is important, so instead of making speculations we will have to make the most logical guess. Why? Well Hinduism is supposed to be the most scientific religion so if there is a genuine reason why 108 is important then the reason ...