5

Good question, but a real answer is lost in the sands of time. Chandradhar Sharma in his work A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy (https://archive.org/details/IndianPhilosophyACriticalSurvey), chapter entitled Sankhya: Tradition regards Kapila as the founder of this system. But Sankyha-pravachana-sutra which is attributed to him is generally regarded ...


4

Well, we have the various Upavedas associated with the four Vedas. Dhanurveda, Ayurveda, Gandharvaveda etc. There are four Upavedas: Dhanurveda, Gandharvaveda, Ayurveda and Arthasastra. Some schools hold Sthapatyaveda as the fourth Upaveda instead of Arthasastra. Dhanurveda is the science of warfare. Gandharvaveda is the study if aesthetics ...


2

Why is killing a brahmin considered sin while killing other caste people is not? This presupposition is wrong; killing people of other castes is also a sin: Manusmriti 11.126: One fourth of the expiation for the killing of a Brāhmaṇa has been prescribed for the killing of a Kṣatriya, one eighth for that of a Vaiśya, and one sixteenth for that of a ...


2

Do scriptures specify how animals should be killed during the sacrifice? Yes, the horse in the Ashwamedha is suffocated with a cloth. Taittiriya Brahmana 3.9.20: tArpyeNAshvam samjnapayanti | yajno vai tArpyam | yajnenaivainam samardhayanti | yAmena samnA prastotA'nUpatiSThate | yamalokam evainam gamayati They (the Samitars, the slaughterers) kill ...


1

There is no concept of judgment day in Hindu scriptures. jeeva or individual soul goes through the process of repeated births and deaths till it attains liberation or moksha.


1

Rig Veda X.72.4 says Earth sprang from the Productive Power the regions from the earth were born. Dakṣa was born of Aditi, and Aditi was Dakṣa's Child. Satapata Brahmana 6:1:1:5 says That same Person became Pragâpati (lord of generation). And that Person which became Pragâpati is this very Agni (fire-altar), who is now (to be) built. 6:1:2:26 ...


1

The question is specifically asking for counter arguments within scriptures that preaches against following a birth based system. The strongest proof is provided in Manusmriti 3.109 A Brāhmaṇa should not advertise his family and Gotra for the purpose of obtaining a meal. Bragging about these, for the purpose of obtaining a meal, he comes to be called a “...


1

Chaitra Navaratri starts with pAdyami (1st day) of Chaitra month/mAsa. King Dasaratha wanted to coronate Sri Rama in chaitra month. चैत्रः श्रीमानयं मासः पुण्यः पुष्पितकाननः | यौवराज्याय रामस्य सर्वमेवोपकल्प्यताम् || २-३-४ राज्ञस्तूपरते वाक्ये जनघोषो महानभूत् | "This is the glorious and auspicious month of Chaitra, in which the forests bloom ...


1

The following are the excerpts from the teachings of Sri Ramana Maharshi. Once ‘A’ asked: How can one be worshipful while engaged in daily work? Sri Bhagavan did not reply. Ten minutes passed. A few girls came for darsan of Sri Bhagavan. They began to sing and dance. Their song was to the effect: “We will churn the milk without losing thought of ...


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