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The third eye as seen on Lord Shiva's forehead is also the spiritual eye or ajna chakra which stands for higher consciousness and allows us to see the real world for the world as we see it is an illusion. Hindus believe that every human possesses this 'third eye' which can be activated only after years of meditation. Who gave him the third eye? Shiva ...


15

Shakti Vishishtadvaita is the philosophy of a Shaivite sect known as Lingayatism, AKA Virashaivism, founded by the 12th century philosopher Basava. Note that the term "Shaivite" actually means something here; there are a lot of people who call themselves Shaivites, like Iyers for instance, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (...


14

Not all lingayats are demanding Lingayatism as separate religion. Only a few lingayat are demanding and that too due to political reasons. Let us analyze their supposed philosophical differences: 1) Those who demand Ligayat as separate religion, they say Lingayats accept Shiva which is formless, which is different from other Hindus. Answer: As per ...


13

Not only Shiva - other gods also have families. Surya has a son Shani from his wife Chhaya. It's a different fact that Surya didn't accept his son and blamed Chhaya for cheating him. And from another wife Sanjana, he has twins Yama and Yami (Yamuna). Surya, Indra, and Yamraj also have demigod sons because of Kunti's boon. For the case of Brahma, all ...


8

Yes, Shaivites do believe in higher than SadaShiva also. Tirumantiram written by Tirumular is one of the oldest texts considered as authoritative by Shaiva Siddhantin. Tirumular is also one among 63 Nayanars and also among 18 Siddhars. In his work Tirumantiram: 1) Tirumular states Ultimate state of Jiva is beyond SadaShiva also: 2374 The Ultimate State ...


8

TL;DR: Read this PDF document I created. Let me start off by posting a useful chart from Isabelle Ratié 2016 paper "In Search of Utpaladeva's Lost Vivriti on the Pratyabhijna Treatise", showing exactly what major fragments of Utpaladeva's Vivriti have been discovered to date: The numbers shown are the verses of Utpaladeva's Ishwara Pratyabhijna Karika (IPK)...


8

Ramanujacharya does not call Pashupatas as Kalamukhas. In fact, he explicitly states that they are different Shaivite sects, in this section of his Sri Bhashya: So far it has been shown that the doctrines of Kapila, Kanâda, Sugata, and the Arhat must be disregarded by men desirous of final beatitude; for those doctrines are all alike untenable and foreign ...


7

'Shiva' denotes the nature of the self or the transcendental aspect. It represents Turiya which is beyond three Gunas of nature ie. Satva, Rajas and Tamas. 30th verse of Shiva Mahimna Stotra composed by Pushpadanta states: बहुल-रजसे विश्वोत्पत्तौ भवाय नमो नमः प्रबल-तमसे तत्‌ संहारे हराय नमो नमः। जन-सुखकृते सत्त्वोद्रिक्तौ मृडाय नमो नमः ...


7

The spider in question is a Shiva Gana named Malyavan. The Chola dynasty of kings is said to have sprung from the Surya Vamsa, at least according to this Wikipedia page. The last king to be mentioned in the list is King Kotchenganan, who is incidentally one of the 63 Nayanars. The list claims that the dynasty descended from Ikshvaku, through Muchukunda, ...


7

Tirumular in Tirumantiram condemns Vamachara practises like drinking wine: 326: The Wicked Drink In VAma Tantra Lust and drink, fit for the wicked are they; In ritual unholy they drink and lose the senses But the wise drink the nectar streaming from his feet, Which destroys egoism and bigotry. 327: Drinking In Vama Tantra Worship Leads ...


7

Actually for a Vaishnava it's better to go for a Vaishnava Guru. And, the same for others. Quoting Lord Shiva's words from the KulAchudAmani Tantram: UdAsino hyudAsinAm vanastha vanavAsinah | YatinAncha yatih prokta grihasthAnam gurugrihi || Vaishnave vaishnavo grAhyo shaive shaivasthApunah | ShAktike vidyAd dikshAswAmi na samshayah || ...


7

As per Shiva Purana: PART TWO RUDRA SAMHITA: SATI KHAND: Chapter 24, [Lord Shiva said to Sati:] The fair-complexioned one is younger brother Laxman, the incarnation of Shesha. The elder brother is complete incarnation of Vishnu. He is called Rama. So, you can see that Shiva Purana (important scripture for Shaivas) portraits Rama as an ...


7

Panini 8.4.3 says nouns which are made of two words (need not be proper nouns), न (na) in second word changes to ण(ṇa), if first word has र (ra) or ष (ṣa) but not ग (ga), Sutra just says Nouns not proper nouns. This rule is also present in other Indian languages like Telugu. Same is said in this page. When two words are joined, according to pAnini's ...


6

Definition of Shiva is directly given in chapter 4 of Shiv Rahasya while Lord Shiva explaining himself. I am Shiva, the Stillness (Shi) Whereof all Movement (Va) is born. As Water, Fire and the Sun at once move and are still, so I, the Great Life both Move and Stand Still. Verse 8. Also, from the same scripture in chapter 7, we find. Lord Shiva said: ...


6

Its a bit hard to understand the exact term shiva for us ! in sanskrit shiva means "the one who dosent exist". Or who is not physical or bounded. Shih vah the pronunciation means becoming null or the term black hole is what has been till date invented to describe shiva. In universe what u can see and touch and reason is created but the space between them or ...


6

According to Skanda Purana chapter 9, it was Kalakuta poison which made Lord Vishnu black or dark blue (color of Taamala). The excellent mountain had adamantine strength. It rolled on the back, neck, thighs and the space between the knees of the noble-souled tortoise. Due to the friction of these two, submarine fire was generated. The ...


6

Durvasa Rishi created one mind-born daughter, whom he initiated completely in the monistic way. Known as the Ardhatryambaka school of the Bhairava Tantras, this teaching manifests itself secretly from one woman to another. Kashmir Shaivism does not recognize women as inferior. In fact, Swami Lakshmanjoo tells us, “if a woman remains one-pointed in her ...


6

From Wikipedia of Shaivism, Shaivism ([Śaivam]) (Devanagari: शैव संप्रदाय) (Tamil: சைவம்) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism that reveres Shiva as the Supreme Being or its metaphysical concept of Brahman. The followers of Shaivism are called "Shaivites" or "Saivites" Devotees of Shiva are Shaiva Devotees of Vishnu are Vaishnava Hence Shaiva ...


5

Turiyatita state is mentioned in Malinivijay Tantra chapter 2. Lord Shiva said:Wise people should know the system of unification (Sarvavesha krama) divided into five states i.e, waking (Jagrat), dreaming sleep (Svapna), dreamless sleep (Sushupti), forth(turiya) & the state beyond the forth (turiyatita). 2.2.27 The same chapter describes in details ...


5

The meaning of the name Shiva is "Auspicious, Pure" Shiva is a male Sanskrit name that refers to the third aspect of god, called in the Vedas. If pronounced with a long final vowel "a", Shiva is a female name; a name of the goddess Parvati, Uma and Lakshmi. It can also be described as "The god staying in a state blissful, enjoying in its own self ...


5

When Lord SadaShiva directly manifests from Sat-Asat state he comes with a form having three eyes: परः पुमानीश्वरः स शिव शम्भुरनीश्वरः । शीर्षे मन्दाकिनीधारी भालचन्द्रस्त्रिलोचनः ।। पञ्चवक्त्र प्रसन्नात्मा दशबाहुस्त्रिशुलधृक् । कर्पुरगौरः सुसितो भस्मोद्धुलितोविग्रहः ।। Thereafter Parama Purusha Shiva also known as Ishwara having no Lord over him, ...


5

The Devi Bhagavatha Purana describes the origin and importance of Rudrakshas as follows. The origin of Rudrakshas [dark beads of Tree, termed Elaeocorpus Ganitrus in Latin language] or Lord Siva’s tears, extensively used as Prayer Rosaries, goes back to Maha Deva’s killing Tripurasura, who sought to destroy the Universe and whom all the Devas, ...


5

The Shiva Purana, in its 25th chapter describes the following about Rudraksha's origin: Lord Siva, the Yogeshwar (master of Yoga), was meditating for thousands of years for the benefit of people everywhere. When Siva opened his eyes, some tear-drops fell on the earth and grew into Rudraksha trees. The Rudraksha trees grow in India, Nepal, Indonesia, ...


5

Yes, both leads to same parmatman. त्रयी साङ्ख्यं योगः पशुपतिमतं वैष्णवमिति प्रभिन्ने प्रस्थाने परमिदमदः पथ्यमिति च। रुचीनां वैचित्र्यादृजुकुटिल नानापथजुषां नृणामेको गम्यस्त्वमसि पयसामर्णव इव॥ ७॥ The different practices based on the three Vedas, SaMkhya, Yoga, Pashupata-mata, VaishhNava-mata etc . are but different paths (to reach to ...


5

Kamika Agama is one of the principle Shaiva Agamas. It was revealed from the Ishana face of Sadasiva. It describes weapons, symbols and form of Sadashiva as: Five faces; ten shoulders; effulgence of crystal; three eyes; tranquil composure; crest adorned with the crescent moon; locks of matted hair bound with serpent; mounted on the lion-throne constituted ...


5

Here is how B. Natarajan explains the numbers 1 through 8 in this excerpt from his translation of Tirumular's Tirumantiram: The One - The Uncreated Eternal Being-Sivam. The Two - Siva/Sakti. Sakti is the dynamic aspect of static Sivam. She confers grace on the Jivas. The Three - Triads are many: Primal Sakti evolves into three subsidiary Saktis: ...


5

Taittariya Aranyaka of YajurVeda from 10.17.1 to 10.21.1 contains five mantras and first word of each mantra represents each face of Lord SadaShiva. These Mantras are also in AtharvaVeda Parishista. सद्योजातं प्रपद्यामि सद्योजाताय.....वामदेवाय नमो ज्येष्ठाय नमः ....अघोरेभ्योऽथ घोरेभ्यो घोरघोरतरेभ्यः ।.......तत्पुरुषाय विद्महे महादेवाय धीमहि ।.... ईशानः ...


5

As regards caste, sex etc there are no such restrictions. Everyone can be initiated. Even an Antyaja or Sankara or mixed caste person reserves the right to be initiated. Shudra sankarajAti nAmAdi shuddhirvidhiyate | PAdodak pradAnAdyaih kuryAt pApavimochanam || Primal purification is ordained for the Sudra and mixed-caste (Sankara-JAti); one is ...


4

Rudraksha as we spell it comes out of two words Rudra + Aksha. Rudra is the addressing to Lord Shiva and aksha means eyes or somewhere it is also said to be Rudra's (Lord Shiva) tears. Rudraksha is the holy eye of lord rudra which saves the sadhak from doing sins. As we see all the Shaivites are also considered Rudra or Rudra Gana and there are many types ...


4

Can one eat meat and still be a devotee ? The answer to this question will be Yes. But, if the question is whether Lord Shiva approves such an act? (which is what a true devotee will be more concerned about) then the answer will be No. Lord Shiva does not approve meat eating unless it is part of some rituals. This is what he says to Sri Devi: ...


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