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24

Pancha-Brahmans are the five fold manifestation of Lord Shiva and are named as Sadyojata, Tatpurusha, Aghora, Vamadeva and Ishana. Each five manifestations further manifest as five deities which are as Brahma from Sadyojata, Vishnu from Vamadeva, Rudra from Aghora, Maheswara from Tatpurusha and SadaShiva from Ishana. Thus the primary Pancha Brahmas are: ➡➡...


14

Lalitha Sahasra Nama is the best answer for all your questions here. She is Shrichakra Raja nilaya- Lalitha Devi, the divine mother. Let me give the answers based on the picture above. Sachaamara Rama Vaani Savya Dakshina sevitha. Rama (Lakshmi) and Vaani (Saraswathi) are said to do her seva with chamara (fans). sashara chaapa paasha ankushaam The two ...


10

The eight Mantras of the Suktam in question were revealed to a female Rishi (or RishikA) called VAk, the daughter of Rishi Ambhrina. And, that is why it is called the VAk Suktam. Another popular name of this Sukta is the Rig Vedokta Devi Suktam. It is customary to recite this Suktam as part of the Sri Chandi PAtha. There are many Hymns in Rig Veda Mandala ...


8

Before knowing about hierarchy of incarnation of Devi, it is necessary to know about hierachy of Devi herself (with respect to other Gods). So, to explain this I have divided the answer to this question to several parts: 1) Explanation from Absolute Level: Below is the explanation from the absolute level point of view or Paramartha Satyam; ● Devi as only ...


8

"How can I start Tantra Sadhana?" and "What are the scriptures I need to study in order to gain a thorough knowledge of Tantras?" are two separate questions unrelated to each other. One can not practice Tantra without Guru Diksha (initiation). As Lord Shiva says in the following verse that all practices that Tantras advocate, like Yoga, Dhyana, Puja, Japa ...


8

In the passages you have provided what is praised is the Pashupata Yoga (also called the Pashupata Vrata) and what is condemned are sects like Pashupata. So, there is no contradiction as the same thing isn't praised and condemned simultaneously. In some other scriptures too (including Usana Smriti which isn't a sectarian scripture) we find criticisms of the ...


7

One of the major Tantrik scripture is called the VishnukrAntA. It has within itself several other major Tantik scriptures like Nila Tantram, Niruttara Tantram and many others. Now, AFAIK, it's only in the Niruttara Tantram, that the Shakti Deities are classified into two groups- Sri Kula and KAli Kula. Here are the relevant verses: KAli tArA raktakAli ...


7

Lord Shiva exists in Ardhanaarishwara(pronounced as Arthanārīśvara in IAST) from the beginning of time because Shiva and Shakti are inseparable. But the story of Lord Shiva appearing as Ardhanaarishwara is described in Shiva Mahapurana, Shatarudra Samhita, Chapter 3. The story goes like this: At the beginning of creation when Lord Brahma was creating people ...


7

Another name of Goddess Durga is Adi Shakti, so Durga and Shakti are same. However if we see Shakti as concept of energy, then Durga is the personification of every Shakti of the Universe which I also discuss here. It is also seen in the Durga Saptashati which is a part of Markandeya Purana. In the Saptashati it is clearly seen that Durga is the innate ...


7

Is Bagalamukhi Parvati's different incarnation or other form of Sakthi? Goddess Bagalamukhi is one among the 10 Mahavidyas ( Great Knowledge or Vidya). She is the 8th Mahavidya. When a spiritual aspirant's gross BhogasprihA (desire for pleasures) have been destroyed, Goddess Bagala appears to destroy the inner or the subtle BhogasprihA. And, the symbol of ...


6

The following verse found in the VAmakeswara Tantra explains in short why Shiva is not worshiped alone. shaktyA vinA shive sUkShme nAma dhAma na vidyate | jnAtenApi mahAdevi sharma karma na kinchana || parabrahma is without any attributes and upAsanA of such an entity, involving nAma kIrtana etc. is not possible. Hence, it is shakti vishiShTa ...


6

Well, there may be different beliefs and conditions while worshipping the God. Read the following relation between Shakti and Shiva from Shaktism: Shaktism's focus on the Divine Feminine does not imply a rejection of Masculine or Neuter divinity. However, both are deemed to be inactive in the absence of Shakti. As set out in the first line of Adi ...


6

On who is the consort of Lalita: Lalita's consort is Sadashiva or Chinmaya Shiva or Kameswara. Sri Lalitopakhyana is a part of Brahmanda Purana. It details the Avatara and Lila of Parashakti Lalita Mahatripurasundari. The Parayana of this sacred text is considered to be more fruitful than even Saptashati. A single Parayana of this great text ...


6

According to Wikipedia, Shaktism or Shaktidharma (Sanskrit: Śāktaṃ, शाक्तं; lit., "doctrine of power" or "doctrine of the Goddess") is a denomination of Hinduism that focuses worship upon Shakti or Devi – as the absolute, ultimate Godhead. Its two largest and most visible schools are : 1.Srikula (family of Sri), strongest in South India, the Srikula's best-...


6

Chandika is Ambika ,Devi or the supreme mother goddess who killed asuras like Shumbha ,Nisumbha,Raktabeeja and Mahishasura. Chamunda is goddess Kali.She obtained this name after she killed the two demons named Chanda and Munda.Chandika herself gave Kali that name. The Markendaya Purana(Chapter 87) has all the details. After the mighty demon Dhumralochana ...


6

You can quote the following conversation between Shumbha and the Devi in Devi Mahatmyam if you want to take the position that the Devi is complete. This is the position of Tantrikas and not Vedantins. The Rsi said: Seeing his brother Nishumbha slain, who was dear to him as his life, and his army being slaughtered, Shumbha angrily said, 'O Durga, who are ...


6

There are various quotes in scriptures which say: 'Devi is everything and Devi is all that exists'. Some of the verses are: In the Durga Saptashati, Markandeya Purana when Sumbha accuses Devi of killing Nisumbha by using power of others she replies as: एकैवाहं जगत्यत्र द्वितीया का ममापरा। पश्यैता दुष्ट मय्येव विशन्त्यो मद्विभूतयः॥५॥ I only exist in this ...


5

I am providing another reference about “ Pancha-Brahmas” you asked in the question , from Linga Purana – Uttara Bhaga – Chapter 14 –Panca-Brahmas . According to Linga Purana Lord Shiva the form of Panca-Brahmas. In the form of Panca-Brahmas, Shiva is the creator of the universe , beside being its destroyer and protector. These are Isana , Tatpurusa , ...


5

You are correct. It is a representation of the female principle. Both Durga and Sakti are representations of the female principle. the goddess Durga refers to the female principle when seen with certain aspects or attributes. In his book, The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna (available here - http://www.belurmath.org/gospel/index.htm), in his Glossary, Swami ...


5

Yes, there are many references in Puranas and agamas (shaiva and shakta) about the actual origin of the creation. Without her creative force nothing else is possible. All the living and non living objects are due to her creative energy. Regarding Adi parA shakti: 1-50. The Devî said :-- "Hear, Ye Immortals! My words with attention, that I am now going ...


5

Sri Vidya mantras (particularly the Shodashi or Shodakshari mantra) are the most secretive among all mantras. So, the rule is to recite only after getting initiated from a Guru of that Parampara (of Sri Vidya). Swami Shivananda, advises to recite a lot mantras in his book "Japa Yoga - A comprehensive treatise on Mantra Sastra ", but for Sri Vidya ...


5

The quoted verse is from the Argala stotra, a part of the Devi Mahatyam of the Markandeya Purana. जयन्ती मङ्गला काली भद्रकाली कपालिनी । दुर्गा शिवा क्षमा धात्री स्वाहा स्वधा नमोऽस्तु ते ॥२॥ Jayantii Manggalaa Kaalii Bhadrakaalii Kapaalinii | Durgaa Shivaa Kssamaa Dhaatrii Svaahaa Svadhaa Namostu Te ||2|| Meaning: 2.1: Salutations to Jayanti (Who is Ever-...


5

Yes, Mandalas are very essential components of Trika Shaivism. In many rituals, deities are worshipped inside Mandala form. Sri Abhinavagupta frequently discusses the use of Mandalas to perform various rituals in Tantraloka and Tantrasara. For example, in chapter 14 of Tantrasara, he discusses forming a Mandala in the form of Tridents and invoking deities in ...


4

Panchabrahma (Mantras) have been described in Mrigendra āgama as well. Note that, they are beyond Māyā Tattva therefore they don't possess body of Buddhi, intellect, flesh etc, the very nature of their body is Mantra. Therefore when they are beyond space & time, how can she even sit on them? Sthitham seems to signify here contemplation, indwelling etc. ...


4

Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva both are of infinite qualities and infinite attributes. They are the same Lord moving in two different forms. Lord Krishna in Vishnu Purana in the Banasura fight chapter states: अविद्यामोहितात्मान पुरुषा भिन्न दर्शिन । वदन्ति भेद पश्यन्ति चावयोरन्तर हरः ।। Person whose Atman is deluded by Avidya sees difference between ...


4

The oldest form of god to be worshiped. The answer is none of the above. From the earliest Vedas down to the present, water has been regarded as the tangible manifestation of the divine essence. "In the beginning, everything was like a sea without light" (Rig Veda X. 129.3, also Rig Veda X. 121.8 and Satapatha Brahmana XI 1.6.1). Even today, one of ...


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