Puranas are sectarian literature. You will find them disagreeing about the supreme Deity. You should instead read a non-sectarian scripture like Mahabharata.
Mahabharata Vana Parva Section CCLXX says:
The Supreme Spirit has three conditions. In the form of Brahma, he is
the Creator, and in the form of Vishnu he is the Preserver, and in his
form as ...
Though the god is one, when we see in terms of Generation, Operation, Destruction these are taken care by Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva respectively. Since Vishnu is responsible for execution, it is He who descends to take care of the creation. This may be killing the demons or establishing dharma or to spread knowledge or to fulfill desire of a devotee. No one ...
YajurVeda salutes Lord Shiva by stating:
नमो अग्रियाय च प्रथमाय च [YajurVeda Taittariya Samhita 188.8.131.52]
Namo Agriyaya cha prathamaya cha
Salutations to Him who was before all things and who is foremost.
Thus there is no effect of time for Lord Shiva as he was before the time. This is expanded in Taittariya Aranyaka of YajurVeda as:
वामदेवाय नमो ...
As mentioned in this answer, different Puranas were revealed during onset of different Kalpas.
Chapter 53 of Matsya Purana mentions Kalpas of all Puranas except Brahma and Markandeya Puranas.
Padma Purana - Padma Kalpa (hence the name)
Vishnu Purana - Varaha Kalpa (current Kalpa)
Vayu Purana (includes Shiva ...
Lord Shiva's Complexion was described in Chapter Four (Cancula's Salvation) of Shiva Purana Mahatyam in Shiva Puranam. You can see that from here.(Page 18)
She saw the three-eyed Mahadeva, the eternal, being served devotedly by Brahma,Vishnu and other gods.
He had the brilliance of ten million suns and was reverently served by Ganesha, Bhrngi, Nandisa, ...
The Best definition of Lord Rudra is given by Lord Krishna himself in Harivamsha Parva [2.74 section] of Mahabharata:
रुद्रो देव त्वं रुदनाद् रावणाञ्च
रोरुयमाणो द्रावणाच्चवातिदेवः ।
Lord Rudra, You are the one who cry, who makes other cry and who removes the cry of Samsara (misery of Samsara).
Rudra who cries:
Rudra takes birth as son of Lord ...
The Mahamrityunjaya Mantra
In Devanagari script:
ॐ त्र्यम्बकं यजामहे सुगन्धिंम् पुष्टिवर्धनम् ।
उर्वारुकमिव बन्धनान् मृत्योर्मुक्षीय माऽमृतात् ।।
In English script:
om tryambakaṃ yajāmahe sugandhiṃ pushtivardhanam ǀ
urvārukamiva bandhanān mrityormukshīya mā'mritāt ǁ
This is Great Death-conquering Mantra, also called the Tryambakam Mantra, is a ...
Lord Shiva opened His 3rd eye infinite number of times, if we consider cyclic nature of time, as many events repeat in every Manvantara.
However, we know four instances where Mahadeva opened His 3rd eye, as per Puranas.
Incident 1: Burning of Kama (Kama Dahana)
When Shiva was doing Tapasya on Kaliasa, Parvathi was serving Mahadeva with permission of her ...
The story of how Brahma got four heads is told in this excerpt from the Matsya Purana. When Brahma created Saraswati, he immediately fell in love with her, and she evaded him by going in different directions, but he sprouted a head in each of the four directions until finally she went above him and he grew a fifth head pointed towards Devaloka:
As I far as I know, the only unabridged translation of the Shiva Purana is the four-volume translation published by Motilal Banarsidass. Here is a link to the table of conents.
The translation is available online on DSpace, the digital repository of the West Bengal Public Library Network. Here are the links to all four volumes:
Shiva Purana says that Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra (Trimurti) rivaled one another and they propitiated the Supreme Lord (their father) and they got a boon of creating others at outset of various Kalpas. So, in one Kalpa, Vishnu creates Rudra and Brahma and in another Kalpa Rudra creates Brahma and Vishnu and this cycle continues.
Similarly Matsya purana says ...
Vishnu or Krishna is the Supreme Being and He is worshiped and followed by Shiva's incarnations. For example Hanuman was an incarnation of Shiva and Rama was an incarnation of Vishnu, as Wikipedia states
Hanuman is mentioned as an avatar of Shiva or Rudra in the Sanskrit
texts like the Mahabhagvata Purana, the Skanda Purana, the Brhaddharma
Unabridged Shiva Maha Purana is now available in text searchable format on archive.org. This is the same Motilal Banarsidas Edition. Download PDF with text format.
if you want to read Shiva Maha Purana in Sanskrit with English translation, read Shiva Purana on Indian Scriptures. This version is not text searchable. BTW, ...
The source you have cited in question is not proper. You should read Rudra Samhita (Yuddha Khanda) (chapter 13 - Chapter 25) of Shiva Mahapurana and/or Uttarakhada (Chapter 3 - Chapter 18) of Padma Purana to know complete story though Chapter 97 of Linga Purana mentions different story.
First of all, it was Jalandhara who started everything. He went into ...
One has to read Vyasa's entire teachings to get an answer to this question.
Hari and Isana are equivalent
Well-adored by the Rishis, by Brahma, and by all the deities, that
great God, the Lord of the universe, otherwise called by the name of
Hari, then addressed the illustrious Isana and said these words:-He
that knows thee, knows me. He that ...
There's a subtle difference between Shiva and Shankara or Rudra. Shiva is Supreme Purusha while Shankara aka Rudra is human manifestation of Supreme Purusha Shiva. Shankara or Rudra is generally depicted as wearing snake over his neck with a trident in his hand. Supreme Purusha Shiva, as formless, is generally worshipped in Linga form.
This answer explains ...
The details of how to perform Shiva Linga Archana(including the details of mantras to be used etc) are briefed in the Lingaarchana chapter of LingaPurana:
As Rishis asked Lomaharshana Maharshi as to the Procedure of
Lingaarchana or Worship the Shiva Linga, the Maharshi stated that once
Devi Parvati also inquired of the same and Shiva Himself revealed ...
The following is the full English translation of the Shiva Purana including an interwoven glossary. It contains over 600,000 words and starts with a Mahatmya, extolling the greatness of the Shiva-purana. It cross-references the Sanskrit original text and includes romanized orginal names using the IAST transliteration scheme.
Shiva Purana Vidyesvara Samhita chapter 16 gives definition of what is meant by 'Bhagavan' and why is Lord Shiva called Bhagavan:
भं वृद्धिं गच्छतीत्यर्थाद्भगः प्रकृतिरुच्यते ।
प्राकृतैः शब्दमात्राद्यै प्राकृतेन्द्रियभोजनात् ।।
भगस्य दं भोगमिति शब्दार्थो मुख्यतः श्रुतः ।
मुख्यो भगस्तु प्रकृतिर्भगवाञ्छिव उच्यते ।।
भगवान् भोगदाता हि नान्यो ...
In this Kurma Purana chapter, Lord Shiva prescribes Bhakti or devotion as the best means of achieving his grace.
Parama Shiva asserted:
Naaham Tapobhirvividhairna Daanena na cheyjyayaa | Shakyo hi
Purushair jaaturmutey Bhaktiamanuttamaam ||
I am always realisable by Bhakti or Pure Devotion and not necessarily
by Tapasya, Daana or ...
Aja Ekapada is mentioned in Rig-Veda 2.31.6 and Atharva-Veda Kanda 13- Sukta 1- Mantra 6.
रोहितो द्यापृथिवि जजान तत्र तन्तुं परमेष्ठी ततान । तत्र शिश्रियेSज
एक पादोSद्रुंहद् द्यापृथिवि बलेन ।। AV 13.1.6।।
Rohita gave the Earth and Heavens their being. There Para- meshthin
held the cord extended. Thereon reposeth Aja Ekapāda. He with his
The story of Nandi punishing Vyasa is mentioned in this chapter (Kashi Khanda chapter 95) of Skandha Purana. What that chapter describes is, Vyasa sees Saunaka and other sages wearing Tripundras and chanting Rudra Suktas and chanting Shiva names and stating that:
एक एव हि विश्वेशो मुक्तिदो नान्य एव हि ।।
इति ब्रुवाणान्सततं परिनिश्चितमानसान् ।। ९ ।।
Gandharvas were a different tribe of creation just like devas, apsaras or rakshasas.
According to the Vishnu Purāna, they were sons of Brahmā.
"The Gandharvas were next born, imbibing melody; drinking of the
goddess of speech, they were born, and thence their appellation. (gām
dhayantah, 'drinking speech')."
In another place in the same ...
At the end of Ramayana war, when Brahma & Devas extol him as Supreme, Rama says '
abravittridashashreShThaan raamo dharmabhR^itaaM varaH |
AtmAnam mAnusham manye rAmam daSarathAtmajam VR 6.117.11
Rama, the lord of creation, who was born in Raghu dynasty and the foremost one among protectors of righteousness, spoke to those god-chiefs as follows:...
Yes, Shaivites do believe in higher than SadaShiva also. Tirumantiram written by Tirumular is one of the oldest texts considered as authoritative by Shaiva Siddhantin. Tirumular is also one among 63 Nayanars and also among 18 Siddhars.
In his work Tirumantiram:
1) Tirumular states Ultimate state of Jiva is beyond SadaShiva also:
2374 The Ultimate State ...
This skull could be probably skull of a previous Indra. Rudra at Prakrta Pralaya (dissolution after death of Creator Brahma) burns entire Universe to ashes and wears skulls of Devas as Ornaments. So, there could be a chance that this skull belongs to some previous Indra.
Chapter 46, Uttara Bhaga of Kurma Purana mentions Prakrta Pralaya in detail and says ...
MahaMrityunjaya mantra is one of the most special mantra from Veda Samhita addressed to Lord Shiva.
It is in Rig Veda Samhita 7.59.12. Sage Vasistha is the Rishi (who heard) of the mantra and Devata is 'Rudra'. Similarly Mahamrityunjaya mantra is also avaliable in YajurVeda Samhitas like Taittariya Samhita 1.8.6.i, Vajasaneyi Samhita in 3.60 etc...
Lord Shiva became Tripurai by destroying Three (Tri) cities (Pura) made up of iron gold and silver.
YajurVeda Taittariya Samhita 6.2.3 mentions this story as:
The Asuras had three citadels; the lowest was of iron, then there was one of silver, then one of gold. The gods could not conquer them; they sought to conquer them by siege; therefore they say--...