1. The Prescription of Fine
(See table below to avoid reading)
The basic rule for fine in case of verbal abuse has been dealt with in Dharmashastras like Brihaspati which purport to derive their authority from Manu (see below). Also from comparative notes, Yajnavalkya Smriti is in agreement with this, and as discussed here is supposed to be similar to Manu. ...
For a Sudra male and a Vaishya woman, their offspring is called Ayogavah. Sudra male and Kshatriya women creates a Kshatri offspring. A Sudra male and a Brahmin woman creates a Chandala offspring.
So, a Chandala is created only out of the union of a Sudra man and a Brahmin woman.
Manu 10.12. From a Sudra are born an Ayogava, a Kshattri, and a
I am answering this question based on occupational(karmic) perspective of Varna at society level only.
It is well-known that a person cannot survive without doing a karma. Everyone needs to do some karma and every person does karma. Observe the following words of Krishna
With regard to the topic at hand, the Brahmanas have held opinions of
various kinds. ...